Houseplants Diseases, Causes, Prevention and Control
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Houseplants may get attacked by diseases. Usually, the appearance of a disease is a sign of poor growing conditions. It is important to control any plant disease immediately it is spotted.
Any delay in the control of a houseplant disease may result in spread to the other houseplants and may then become uncontrollable leading to loss of your houseplants.
The key is to regularly inspect your houseplants for any signs of disease, treat any disease immediately and correct the cultural fault leading to the problem.
Common Houseplants Diseases, Causes, Prevention and Control
Powdery Mildew Disease
Powdery Mildew is a fungal disease characterized by spotting or coating of the leaf surface with a white powdery deposit. This leads to disfigured leaves and it can spread to the stems and flowers. Read more on Powdery Mildew and how to control it.
The first sign of root-rot disease is yellowing and wilting of the leaves which is rapidly followed by browning and houseplant collapse. The cause is fungal decay due to waterlogging of the soil. Read more on Root-rot Disease and how to control it.
Crown and Stem Rot Disease
With Crown and Stem Rot Disease, part of the stem or crown turns soft and rotten. If the diseased are is at the base of the plant, it is called Basal Rot. Read more on Crown and Stem Rot Disease and how to control it.
Leaf Rust Disease
Leaf Rust disease is characterized by brown concentric rings of spores on the underside of the leaves. Read more on Leaf Rust Disease and how to control it.
Leaf Spot Disease
Leaf Spot Disease is characterized by brown, moist spots on the foliage. In a serious attack the spots enlarge and merge, killing the whole leaf. Read more on Leaf Spot Disease and how to control it.
Anthracnose Disease is characterised by sunken black spots on the foliage. Dark brown streaks may occur at the leaf tips. The disease is associated with warm and very moist conditions. Read more on Anthracnose Disease and how to control it.
Black Leg Disease
Black Leg disease is a disease of stem cuttings where the base of the cutting turns black. The cause of the disease is bacteria and the predisposing factors are waterlogging and overcompaction of the soil. Read more on Black Leg Disease and how to control it.
Botrytis disease also called Black Mold is characterized by grey, fluffy mold which can cover all parts of the houseplant; leaves, stems, buds and flowers if the growing conditions are cool, humid and still (no air circulation). Read more on Botrytis Disease and how to control it.
Damping Off Disease
Damping Off Disease is a fungal disease which attacks the root and stem bases of seedlings. It causes shrinkage and rot at the ground level resulting in the seedlings toppling over. Learn more on Damping Off Disease and how to control it.
Oedema also called Corky Scab is characterized by hard corky growths on the underside of leaves; this is the houseplants response to waterlogged soil coupled with low light intensity. Learn more on Oedema Disease and how to control it.
Sooty Mold is a black mold which grows on the sticky honeydew deposited by aphids, scales, mealy bugs and whiteflies. This sooty mould reduces plant growth and vigour. Learn more on Sooty Mold and how to control it.
The indication of viral infections in houseplants are many and varied. They include; stunted growth, distorted stems, pale green or yellow spots or small patches on leaves, large white streaks on colored flowers. Read more on Viral Diseases and how to control them.