10 Air cleaning houseplants - Houseplants which purify the air
The air is filled with lots of hazardous gases, fumes, chemicals among others. These pollutants are especially in higher concentrations in our indoor spaces basically because air circulation is limited. Of major concern are the Volatile Organic Compounds(VOCs).
Some of the most common VOCs in our living spaces are:
Trichloroethylene: This is found in paints, varnish, dry cleaning chemicals and adhesives.
Formaldehyde: This is a water soluble organic compound found in grocery bags, cleaning agents, lacquers, varnishes and paper tissues.
Xylene: Xylene is mainly found in tobacco smoke, rubber products, paints and vehicle exhaust fumes.
Benzene: Benzene is a common solvent mainly found in gasoline, oils, rubber and plastics.
Ammonia: Ammonia is commonly found in house cleaners, floor wax and fertilizers.
According to a research carried out by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) to find out the effectiveness of houseplants in cleaning indoor air for their spacecraft, it was found that some common houseplants are effective in removing these VOCs in addition to increasing oxygen concentration.
These ten houseplants among others were found to be good air cleaners:
- Snake Plant (Sansevieria spp)
- Bamboo Palm  (Chamaedorea erumpens)
- Areca Palm (Dypsis lutescens)
- Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum wallisii)
- Spider Plants  (Chlorophytum comosum)
- Heartleaf Plant (Philodendron scandens)
- Corn Palm (Dracaena fragrans massangeana)
- Madagascar Dragon Tree (Draceana marginata)
- Golden Pothos - Devil's Ivy (Scindapsus aureus)
- English Ivy (Hedera helix)
Snake Plant also called Mother in law's tongue was found to be effective in getting rid of carbon dioxide, benzene, trichloroethylene, xylene, toulene and formaldehyde. The plant is easy to grow and is a perfect addition to any houseplant collection for the purposes of air cleaning. Apart from cleaning the air, Snake Plants also increase the oxygen concentration in the air.
Bamboo Palm was found to be effective in the removal of trichloroethylene, benzene and formaldehyde. This Palm is easy to grow and easily adapts to a wide range of growing conditions. The Bamboo Palm is an excellent addition to any houseplant collection for its beauty, resilience and air cleaning properties.
The Areca Palm also called Butterfly Palm or Golden Cane Palm was found to be excellent in the removal of formaldehyde, xylene and toulene. It is a popular palm which bears yellowish bamboo-like stems and gracefully drooping fronds. Apart from cleaning the air, Areca Palm is easy to grow and is adaptable to indoor growing conditions.
Peace Lily was found to be effective in the removal of formaldehyde, toulene, benzene, xylene, ammonia, mold and feacal matter from the air. It is an excellent flowering houseplants whose glossy, dark-green leaves and white blooms will add beauty to any space. Due to its resilience, Peace Lily is an excellent addition to any houseplant collection for the purposes of air cleaning.
Spider Plant was found to be excellent for the removal of benzene, formaldehyde, xylene and toulene from the air. This plant is extremely adaptable to a wide range of growing conditions; hot or cool, sun or shade and will tolerate dry air. Spider Plants are easy to grow and are excellent for every houseplants lover.
The Heartleaf Plant also called Sweetheart Plant was found to be effective in the removal of trichloroethylene. Heartleaf Plant is a popular houseplant due to its ease of care and ability to adapt to a wide range of growing conditions.
Corn Palm was found to clean indoor air of various pollutants like toulene, xylene, benzene, formaldehyde and trichloethylene. It is a popular houseplant on account of the large, yellow-striped leaves which will brighten up even the dullest of places. Corn Palm is easy to grow but it does not like to be exposed to direct sunlight.
Dracaena marginata was found to be effective in removal of xylene, toulene, benzene, trichloroethylene and formaldehyde. This plant is tough and drought resistant. The beautiful and striking foliage of Dracaena marginata is an excellent addition to any houseplant collection for the purposes of air cleaning.
Golden Pothos was found to be effective in the removal of benzene, formaldehyde, xylene and toulene from the air. These plants are easy to grow and propagate, and are considered hassle-free houseplants. These coupled with the very bright colorful foliage make Golden Pothos an excellent addition to any houseplant collection.
English Ivy was found to be effective in the removal of formaldehyde, benzene, xylene, toulene, trichloroethlyene and air-suspended dust partcicles. It is easy to grow and adapts easily to a wide range of growing conditions. The attractive English Ivy is useful as a screen for the unattractive spots, as a hanging basket plant or as a climber.