How to grow and care for Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) Indoors

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Heartleaf Philodendron Care, Philodendron scandens Care

Photo Credit: Hirt's Gardens

Botanical name: Philodendron scandens
Synonym: Philodendron oxycardium
Family: Araceae
Common names: Heartleaf Philodendron, Heartleaf Plant, Sweetheart Plant

Heartleaf Philodendron Description

Heartleaf Philodendron also called Sweetheart Plant is an easy to grow houseplant that will thrive in a wide range of conditions.

The heart-shaped leaves appear bronze and quickly turn green. The leaves measure about 2 inch long and cover the long slender stems.

Heartleaf Philodendron is ideal for a hanging basket or can be grown as a climber. Firm support for the stems needs to be provided for the climber.

To encourage branching, pinch the growing tips otherwise Heartleaf Philodendron will grow with long, single stems. Always pinch after a leaf node and a new stem will grow from the node.

The Heartleaf Philodendron produces aerial roots from the stems and these root have an important part to play. Push them into the soil to provide moisture for upper leaves. Flowers rarely appear under room conditions.

Heartleaf Philodendron Air Purifying

According to the NASA Clean Air Study, Philodendron scandens was found to get rid of common VOCs specifically trichloethylene from indoor air.

Heartleaf Philodendron Related Plants

Heartleaf Philodendron is closely related to Philodendron domesticum aka Philodendron hastatum commonly called Elephant's Ear Philodendron and its more branching hybrid Philodendron Tuxla.

Philodendron erubescens commonly called Blushing Philodendron and its hybrids Red Emerald and Burgundy.

The palm-like Philodendron elegans aka Philodendron angustisectum. The Philodendron bipennifolium, Philodendron panduriforme commonly called Fiddleleaf Philodendron or Panda Plant whose leaves are lobed.

The dramatic velvety Philodendron melanochrysum commonly called Black Gold Philodendron whose leaves are white-veined and the variegated Philodendron ilsemannii among many others.

One popular tree-like Philodendron is Philodendron selloum also called Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum and commonly called Lace Tree Philodendron.

Heartleaf Philodendron for Sale

Buy beautiful and healthy Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) from Etsy.

Heartleaf Philodendron Care, Philodendron scandens Care

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Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) Care Indoors

Heartleaf Philodendron Light Requirements

Heartleaf Philodendron grows best in shady, light shade or moderate brightness. It easily adapts to low light conditions.

Keep your Heartleaf Philodendron away from direct sunlight as direct sunlight may cause scorching. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Heartleaf Philodendron

Water Heartleaf Philodendron thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2 in. of soil to dry a little between waterings.

Reduce watering for your Heartleaf Philodendron during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure the pot for your Heartleaf Philodendron has a drainage hole to avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your plant.


Temperature for Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf Philodendron prefers average warmth with a minimum of 150C. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Heartleaf Philodendron

Heartleaf Philodendron prefers a humid environment inorder to thrive. However the plant can withstand dry air for short periods.

Keep the air moist through out the growing period by surrounding the pot with wet moss or by placing the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Heartleaf Philodendron. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Regularly clean the leaves of your Heartleaf Philodendron by damp-wiping to get rid of dust and to discourage pest infestation. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Heartleaf Philodendron

Feed Heartleaf Philodendron every 4 weeks during the growing season with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer.

Withhold feeding for your Heartleaf Philodendron during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Heartleaf Philodendron

Repot Heartleaf Philodendron every 2-3 years during the growing period. Use a pot which is 1 size larger and loose free-draining soil that is rich in organic matter.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your plant.

How to Prune Heartleaf Philodendron

Pruning Heartleaf Philodendron involves removal of yellow and dead leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

To encourage a bushy and compact growth of your Heartleaf Philodendron, pinch off the growing tips at a node as new growth emerges from a node. The tips can be used to propagate new plants.

Cut back leggy stems of your Heartleaf Philodendron at the beginning of the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) Propagation

Heartleaf Philodendron propagation can be done during the growing season by stem cuttings or by plant division.

Buy beautiful and healthy Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) from Etsy.

How to propagate Heartleaf Philodendron from stem cuttings in soil

Take a stem cutting of about 4-5 in. long from a healthy Heartleaf Philodendron by cutting the stem below a leaf node. Strip off the lower leaves.

Insert the Heartleaf Philodendron cutting in moist soil while ensuring at least on leaf node is below the soil.

Place the set up in a warm shaded place and maintain the soil moist until new growth has emerged.

Allow the new Heartleaf Philodendron to be well established before transplanting.

How to propagate Heartleaf Philodendron from stem cuttings in water

Take a stem cutting of about 4-5 in. long from a healthy Heartleaf Philodendron by cutting the stem below a leaf node. Strip off the lower leaves.

Place the Heartleaf Philodendron cutting in a jar of clean water while ensuring at least on leaf node is below the water surface.

Place the set up in a well-lit place and change the water every 7-10 days until roots have developed.

Transfer the new Heartleaf Philodendron to soil when the roots are about 4 in. long.

Maintain the soil moist until new growth has emerged on the new Heartleaf Philodendron.

Allow the new Heartleaf Philodendron to be well established before transplanting.

How to propagate Heartleaf Philodendron by plant division

During repotting, divide your Heartleaf Plant into several sections. Ensure each section has adequate healthy roots.

Plant the Heartleaf Philodendron sections in individual pots and place in a cool shaded place.

Maintain the soil moist until the new Heartleaf Philodendron is well established.

How to propagate Heartleaf Philodendron by spreading the stems on the surface of the soil

Spread the Heartleaf stems on the soil surface while still attached to the mother plant.

The Heartleaf Philodendron stems will root at every node that comes into contact with the soil.

Once rooted, sever the stems from the mother Heartleaf Philodendron, dig them up and pot in moist soil in individual pots.

Place Heartleaf Philodendron pots in a shaded cool place and maintain the soil moist until the new plants are well established.

Heartleaf Philodendron Care, Philodendron scandens Care

Photo Credit: Walmart

Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) Problems Indoors

Heartleaf Philodendron yellowing leaves

Overwatering Heartleaf Philodendron is the reason for yellowing leaves if many leaves are affected and there are signs of wilting and rotting.

The remedy is water your Heartleaf Philodendron thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2 in. of soil to dry a little between waterings.

If there is no wilting and rotting, underfeeding is the cause of yellowing leaves in your Heartleaf Philodendron.

Remedy the situation by feeding your Heartleaf Philodendron every 4 weeks during the growing season with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer and withholding feeding during the cold season to avoid fertilizer burn.

If only lower leaves are affected and have dark spots and new leaves are dark and small, then underwatering is the cause of the yellowing leaves in your Heartleaf Philodendron.

The solution is to water your Heartleaf Philodendron thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2 in. of soil to dry a little between waterings but never allow the soil to dry out completely.

If leaves are pale colored and have straw-colored patches the cause of yellowing leaves in your Heartleaf Philodendron is too much sunlight. Protect your Heartleaf Philodendron from direct sunlight.

Heartleaf Philodendron dropping leaves

As the lower leaves of your Heartleaf Philodendron age they drop but if there is an abnormal leaf drop, the reason is sudden change of growing conditions.

Avoid moving your Heartleaf Philodendron to a new position before acclimatizing it gradually to prevent leaf drop.

If the leaves turn brown and dry before they drop, then too high temperature is the cause of leaf drop in your Heartleaf Philodendron.

Heartleaf Philodendron prefers average warmth with a minimum of 150C. Protect it from hot draughts; keep the plant away from hot air vents or near any source of heat.

Heartleaf Philodendron rotting stems

The reason for rotting stems in your Heartleaf Philodendron is the fungal stem-rot disease which is promoted by high moisture and too little warmth.

You can save the plant by repotting and keeping the soil dry and warm for a period of time.

Heartleaf Philodendron brown papery leaf tips and edges

There are two possible reasons for leaves with brown papery tips and edges in your Heartleaf Philodendron.

One possible reason for leaves with brown papery tips and edges in your Heartleaf Philodendron is dry air.

To remedy the problem, set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Heartleaf Philodendron.

The second possible reason for leaves with brown papery tips and edges in your Heartleaf Philodendron is that the plant may be pot-bound.

Repot your Heartleaf Philodendron into a pot 1 size larger. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your plant.

Heartleaf Philodendron leggy growth, small pale leaves

Too little light is the cause of leggy growth and small pale leaves as your Heartleaf Philodendron will not thrive in deep shade.

Move your Heartleaf Philodendron to a more brighter spot where it will receive partial light.

Heartleaf Philodendron leaves weeping at the tips

If the soil is too wet, your Heartleaf Philodendron will respond with leaves weeping at the tips.

Allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings and reduce frequency of watering to prevet getting the soil too wet.

Heartleaf Philodendron pests

The common plant pests in Heartleaf Philodendron are Aphids and Fungus Gnats.

Isolate the affected Heartleaf Philodendron to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.

Is Heartleaf Philodendron toxic?

Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron scandens) is toxic to both humans and pets. The plant contains Calcium oxalate.

If Heartleaf Philodendron is ingested it causes burning and swelling in the mouth and throat, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pains. Keep this plant from the reach of children and pets.

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