8 Types of Dracaena Plants Varieties with Pictures and Care Guides

Dracaena Plants Collage

Dracaena plants are popular indoor plants which provide a bold and attractive focal point in any space due to their spectacular foliage and ease of care.

The Dracaena Plants can be divided into two groups; treelike Dracaenas with a leafless woody trunk on top of which is a crown of leaves and the rhizomatous Dracaenas which have underground rhizomes and leaves above the ground.

There are about 120 species in the Dracaena genus. Recently, the hardy, low-maintenance Snake Plants (Sansevieria) have been added to the Dracaena group.

Most of the species are native to Africa, southern Asia through to northern Australia, with two species in tropical Central America. The name dracaena is derived from Ancient Greek drakaina, 'female dragon'.

Would you like to add these magnificent plants to your collection? Dracaena Varieties are readily available online at Etsy. Here is our Link to Etsy Shops.

We have herebelow outlined for your 8 of the most popular Dracaena Plants Varieties for growing in the home.

8 Different Dracaena Plants for Home

Our choice of popular types of Dracaena Plants include Dracaena fragrans, Dracaena deremensis, Dracaena draco, Dracaena godseffiana, Dracaena sanderiana, Dracaena marginata among others.

1. Corn Palm (Dracaena fragrans)

Corn Palm, Dracaena fragrans

Corn Palm or Corn Plant bears glossy large yellow-striped leaves which will brighten up even the dullest of places.

As it grows, Corn Palm sheds the lower leaves leaving a bare stem with a cluster of leaves at the top.

Corn Palm is easy to grow and can easily adapt to a wide range of growing conditions. Corn Palm is also a good air cleaner. Read more on how to grow and care for Corn Palm.

2. Dracaena deremensis

Dracaeana deremensis

Dracaena deremensis is a slow growing species reaching a height of 4 ft or more when mature.

The usual foliage in Dracaena deremensis is dark-green with one or more longitudinal stripes in a different color.

Dracaena deremensis is easy to grow and is ideal as a stand alone plant or as part of a mixed group with the various leaf patterns complementing and overlapping one another. Learn how to grow and care for Dracaena deremensis.

3. Dragon Tree (Dracaena draco)

Dragon Tree, Dracaena draco

Dragon Tree is also called Dragon Blood Tree, Canary Islands Dragon Tree or Drago is a giant in its natural habitat but indoors it only grows to a height of 4 ft.

When the bark and leaves are cut in Dragon Tree, they secrete a reddish resin which is one of the substances known as dragon's blood and hence the common name.

The trunk in Dragon Tree is grey and is topped by tough sword-shaped green leaves which droop downwards as they age. Read on how to grow and care for Dragon Tree.

4. Gold Dust Dracaena (Dracaena godseffiana)

Gold Dust Dracaeana, Dracaena godseffiana

Gold Dust Dracaena also known as Spotted-Leaf Dracaeana, Japanese Bambo or Gold Dust Plant is the odd one among the Dracaenas.

The Gold Dust Dracaena is distinctly shrubby rather than palm-like and the leaves are broadly oval not long and grassy.

This Gold Dust Dracaena grows to a height of 2 ft and the leaves are bright green and spotted with speckles.

Gold Dust Dracaena is easy to grow and is highly tolerant to a wide range of growing conditions. Learn more on how to grow and care for Gold Dust Dracaena.

5. Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana)

Lucky Bamboo, Dracaena sanderiana

Lucky Bamboo also called Curly Bamboo, Ribbon Plant, Ribbon Dracaena or Chinese Water Bamboo is a popular houseplant due to its tolerance to neglect and its ability to grow in water.

The Lucky Bamboo is also popular with feng shui enthusiasts because it is believed to bring good luck.

Lucky Bamboo has highly twisted arching leaves of green color. The stems are slender, soft and upright while the roots are red. Learn how to grow and care for Lucky Bamboo.

6. Madagascar Dragon Tree (Dracaena marginata)

Madagascar Dragon Tree, Dracaena marginata

Madagascar Dragon Tree has a tall snake-like trunk which branches with age. The narrow, arching leaves are edged in red.

Dracaena marginata produces a red gum-like resin in the stems that was likened to dragon blood and hence the common name.

The Madagascar Dragon Tree is a tough, drought-resistant, hard to kill plant that is also a good air cleaner. Read on how to grow and care for Dracaena marginata.

7. Snake Plants (Dracaena trifasciata)

Snake Plant, Dracaena trifasciata, Sanseviera

Snake Plants also called Mother-in-law's Tongue or Saint George's Sword is a slow growing, low maintenance and extremely hardy houseplant which is also a good air cleaner.

Dracaena trifasciata can withstand low light, dry air, draughts and periods without water. The major drawback for these plants is root-rot due to overwatering.

Mother-in-law's Tongue Plants have been shown to be excellent for air purification as they produce oxygen at night. Learn how to grow and care for Snake Plants.

8. Song of India (Dracaena reflexa)

Song of India, Pleomele, Dracaena reflexa

Song of India Plant also called Pleomele is a compact, weak-stemmed plant which requires moist air and is ideal for a table-top plant.

The yellow-banded short, narrow, pointed green leaves in Song of India are arranged spiraly on a stem about 3 ft high. They are tufted at the end of the branches.

Pleomele is easy to grow and can survive in low light but the variegation develops best under bright light. Read more on how to grow and care for Song of India Plant.

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