How to grow and care for Echeveria Plants (Echeveria spp) Indoors

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Echeveria Care, Echeveria spp Care

Photo Credit: Rareplant

Botanical name: Echeveria spp
Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sempervivoideae

Echeveria Plants are easy to grow houseplants which form a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on short stems.

The leaves are covered with a white bloom, short hairs or a waxy coating. Flowers on short stalks (cymes) arise from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.

The Echeveria species are polycarpic that is to say they may flower and set seed many times over the course of their lifetime.

In Echeveria numerous offsets (pups) are produced at the base of the plant which give the plant the name hen and chicks although this name may also refer to other genera like Sempervivum.

Echeveria Plants Origin

Echeveria is a large genus of flowering plants, native to semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico and northwestern South America.

Echeveria Plants Varieties

Some Echeveria Plants are low growing as flattened rosettes and others like Echeveria gibbiflora and Echeveria harmsii (Red Echeveria) grow as rosette-topped trees.

Many gorgeous hybrids have been developed and there is a wide selection to choose from. Their leaves are 1-3 in. long and each popular species or variety has its own distictive feature.

Echeveria Plants Buy

Buy beautiful Echeveria Plants from Etsy.

Echeveria amoena Care

Photo Credit: Planting Man

Echeveria Plants (Echeveria spp) Care Indoors

Echeveria Plants Light Requirements

Echeveria Plants grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight. Avoid exposing your Echeveria Plants to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing them as they can get sun scorched. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Echeveria Plants

Water Echeveria Plants thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering during the cold period to maintain the soil barely moist.

Avoiding wetting the center of the rosette as it can lead to rotting. Watering from the bottom is safer.

Use room temperature water to avoid plant shock and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Echeveria Plants

Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for Echeveria Plants. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Echeveria Plants

Average room humidity is ideal for your Echeveria Plants. They have no need for high humidity. Ensure good air circulation for Echeveria Plants to prevent fungal diseases.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Echeveria Plants

Feed Echeveria Plants every 2 weeks during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer. Withhold feeding in the dormancy stage. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Echeveria Plants

Echeveria Plants have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary.

Repot Echeveria plant at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.

Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.

Use a shallow pot and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.

The best soil for Echeveria should be loose, free-draining and rich in organic matter.

How to Prune Echeveria Plants

Pruning Echeveria Plants is easy. Remove dead or diseased leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

If the Echeveria plant becomes straggly with a nice rosette sitting on top of a long woody stem; cut off the rosette, allow it to dry (callus) in dry potting soil and it will root and grow into a new plant.

The woody stem can also be used for propagation where plantlets will form at the top of the stem.

These plantlets can be seperated from the stem when about 4-6 leaves have formed and grown in their own pots.

Red Echeveria Care, Echeveria harmsii Care

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Echeveria Plants Propagation

Echeveria Plants can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant or from leaf cuttings.

How to propagate Echeveria Plants from offsets

Carefully seperate the offsets from the mother plant by cutting with a sharp sterilized knife or pair of scissors.

Select an offset which has several leaves as it is more likely to root and establish faster.

Allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.

Pot each offset in its individual pot in moist, free-draining soil and water sparingly, only when the soil is dry.

Avoid waterlogging and ensure that there is adequate drainage to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.

Allow the offset to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Echeveria Plants from leaf cuttings

Echeveria leaf cuttings root easily thus there is no need for a rooting hormone. Allow the leaf cuttings to dry (callus) for 1-3 days.

Lay the leaves on moist soil and do not allow the cut end to touch the soil to prevent rotting.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist through out by light misting.

Roots from the cut end will grow into the moist soil and soon after, new plants will develop.

Carefully lift the new plants and pot in individual pots while taking care not to damage the delicate roots.

Maintain the soil slightly moist until the new plants are well established after which routine care can begin.

Echeveria carnicolor Care

Photo Credit: Shopee

Echeveria Plants (Echeveria spp) Problems Indoors

Echeveria Plants sudden leaf loss

Sudden leaf loss in Echeveria Plants is due to watering with very cold water.

Water Echeveria Plants with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plants.

The other cause of sudden leaf loss in Echeveria Plants is underwatering.

Water Echeveria Plants moderately and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

Echeveria Plants elongated stems and misshappen

Elongated stems and misshappen in Echeveria Plants are due to too little light; Echeveria Plants grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight.

Too little light for Echeveria Plant will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.

Echeveria Plants brown leaf tips

Brown leaf tips in Echeveria Plants are due to underwatering. Water Echeveria Plants thoroughly during the hot season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Echeveria Plants leaves wilted and discolored

Overwatering during the cold period is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in Echeveria Plants.

Reduce watering for Echeveria Plants in the cold season and maintain the soil barely moist.

Echeveria Plants rot at base followed by stem collapse

Rotting plant base and stems collapse in Echeveria is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.

>Avoid overwatering Echeveria Plants during the cold season. Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.

Echeveria Plants brown, soft leaf spots

Brown, soft leaf spots in Echeveria Plants are an indication of Leaf spot disease. Avoid wetting the center of the rosette and improve air circulation.

Echeveria Plants Diseases

Common diseases in Echeveria Plants are Powdery Mildew and Leaf Spot.

Echeveria Plants Pests

Common pests in Echeveria Plants are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Are Echeveria Plants toxic?

Echeveria Plants are non-toxic to humans and pets. They are safe to grow indoors.

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