How to Grow and Care for Echeveria Plants Indoors


Echeveria, Echeveria spp

Photo Credit: Rareplant

Botanical name: Echeveria spp
Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sempervivoideae

Description

Echeveria Plants are easy to grow plants which form a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on short stems.

The leaves are covered with a white bloom, short hairs or a waxy coating. Flowers on short stalks (cymes) arise from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.

The Echeveria species are polycarpic that is to say they may flower and set seed many times over the course of their lifetime.

In Echeveria numerous offsets (pups) are produced at the base of the plant which give the plant the name hen and chicks although this name may also refer to other genera like Sempervivum.

Origin

Echeveria is a large genus of flowering plants, native to semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico and northwestern South America.

Varieties

Many gorgeous hybrids of Echeveria have been developed and there is a wide selection to choose from. Their leaves are 1-3 in. long and each popular species or variety has its own distictive feature.

Some common varieties of Echeveria include;

1.Plush Plant (Echeveria harmsii)

2.Echeveria amoena

3.Echeveria carnicolor

4.Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana)

5.Painted Lady Echeveria (Echeveria derenbergii)

Some Echeveria Plants are low growing as flattened rosettes and others grow as rosette-topped trees.

Where to Buy

Numerous Echeveria Plants are available online at Etsy. Buy beautiful Echeveria Plants from Etsy.

Echeveria amoena

Photo Credit: Planting Man

Echeveria Plants Care Indoors

Echeveria Plants thrive in bright light with some direct sunlight, average warmth and moderately moist, well-drained soil with monthly feeding during the growing season.

They do not not require regular repotting as they have a small root system, therefore, repot only when root-bound. Pruning is necessary to keep the plants neat and tidy as well as discourage pests and diseases infestation. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to provide them.

Light Requirements

Echeveria Plants grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight. Where natural lighting is not adequate use a grow light to supplement it.

Avoid exposing Echeveria to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing them as they can get sun scorched. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

Watering

Water Echeveria Plants thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering during the cold period to maintain the soil barely moist.

Avoiding wetting the center of the rosette as it can lead to rotting. Watering from the bottom is safer.

Use room temperature water to avoid plant shock and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature

Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for Echeveria Plants. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity

Average room humidity is ideal for your Echeveria Plants. They have no need for high humidity. Ensure good air circulation for Echeveria Plants to prevent fungal diseases.

Fertilizer (Feeding)

Feed Echeveria Plants every 2 weeks during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer. Withhold feeding in the dormancy stage. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

Repotting

Echeveria Plants have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary. Repot at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.

Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.

Use a shallow pot and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.

Soil

The best soil for Echeveria Plants should be rich in organic matter, loose and free-draining to avoid getting soggy soil. The soil should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough.

Echeveria Plants are prone to root-rot if the soil gets soggy (retains too much water), therefore, Cactus and Succulents Soil is ideal as it drains easily. Purchase quality Cactus and Succulents Soil from Etsy for Echeveria Plants.

Pruning

Pruning Echeveria Plants is easy. Remove dead or diseased leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

If the plant becomes straggly with a nice rosette sitting on top of a long woody stem; cut off the rosette, allow it to dry (callus) in dry potting soil and it will root and grow into a new plant.

The woody stem can also be used for propagation where plantlets will form at the top of the stem.

These plantlets can be seperated from the stem when about 4-6 leaves have formed and grown in their own pots.

Red Echeveria, Echeveria harmsii

Photo Credit: Pinterest

Propagation

Echeveria Plants can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant or from leaf cuttings.

How to propagate Echeveria Plants from offsets

Carefully seperate the offsets from the mother plant by cutting with a sharp sterilized knife or pair of scissors.

Select an offset which has several leaves as it is more likely to root and establish faster.

Allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.

Pot each offset in its individual pot in moist, free-draining soil and water sparingly, only when the soil is dry.

Avoid waterlogging and ensure that there is adequate drainage to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.

Allow the offset to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Echeveria Plants from leaf cuttings

The leaf cuttings root easily thus there is no need for a rooting hormone. Allow the leaf cuttings to dry (callus) for 1-3 days.

Lay the leaves on moist soil and do not allow the cut end to touch the soil to prevent rotting.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist through out by light misting.

Roots from the cut end will grow into the moist soil and soon after, new plants will develop.

Carefully lift the new plants and pot in individual pots while taking care not to damage the delicate roots.

Maintain the soil slightly moist until the new plants are well established after which routine care can begin.

Echeveria carnicolor

Photo Credit: Shopee

Echeveria Plants Problems Indoors

Echeveria Plants problems indoors include leaf loss, wilting, leggy growth, rotting, brown leaf tips, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.

Sudden leaf loss

Sudden leaf loss in Echeveria Plants is due to watering with very cold water. Water the plant with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plants.

The other cause of sudden leaf loss in Echeveria Plants is underwatering. Water the plant moderately and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

Elongated stems and misshappen

Elongated stems and misshappen in Echeveria Plants are due to too little light as they grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight. Too little light will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.

Brown leaf tips

Brown leaf tips in Echeveria Plants are due to underwatering. Water the plants thoroughly during the hot season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Leaves wilted and discolored

Overwatering during the cold period is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in Echeveria Plants. Reduce watering in the cold season and maintain the soil barely moist.

Rotting base followed by stem collapse

Rotting plant base and stems collapse in Echeveria is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.

Reduce overwatering during the cold season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.

Brown, soft leaf spots

Brown, soft leaf spots in Echeveria Plants are an indication of Leaf spot disease. Avoid wetting the center of the rosette and improve air circulation.

Diseases

Common diseases in Echeveria Plants are Powdery Mildew and Leaf Spot.

Pests

Common pests in Echeveria Plants are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Are Echeveria Plants toxic?

Echeveria Plants are non-toxic to humans and pets. They are safe to grow indoors.

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