Botanical name: Echeveria spp
Echeveria Plants are easy to grow and propagate plants which form a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on short stems.
The leaves are covered with a white bloom, short hairs or a waxy coating. Flowers on short stalks (cymes) arise from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.
Echeveria species are polycarpic that is to say they may flower and set seed many times over the course of their lifetime.
Echeveria bears numerous offsets (pups) at the base of the plant which give the plant the name hen and chicks although this name may also refer to other genera like Sempervivum.
Echeveria is a large genus of flowering plants, native to semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico and northwestern South America.
Many gorgeous hybrids of Echeveria have been developed and there is a wide selection to choose from. Their leaves are 1-3 in. long and each popular species or variety has its own distictive feature.
Some common varieties of Echeveria include Plush Plant (Echeveria harmsii), Echeveria amoena, Echeveria carnicolor, Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana) and Painted Lady Echeveria (Echeveria derenbergii) among others.
Some Echeveria Plants are low growing as flattened rosettes and others grow as rosette-topped trees.
Echeveria Plants are non-toxic to humans and pets as indicated by ASPCA. They are safe to grow indoors.
Echeveria are closely related to Sempervivum (Houseleeks) which form mats of tufted, rounded leaves with pointed tips in rosettes and Aeonium (Tree Houseleeks) which bear succulent, glossy, spoon-shaped leaves typically arranged on a basal stem in a dense spreading rosette.
Numerous Echeveria Plants are available online at Etsy. Buy beautiful Echeveria Plants online from Etsy.
Echeveria Plants thrive in bright light with some direct sunlight, average warmth and moderately moist, well-drained soil coupled with regular feeding during the growing season.
Echeveria do not not require regular repotting as they have a small root system. Pruning is necessary to keep the plants neat and tidy as well as discourage pest and disease infestations. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to provide them.
Echeveria Plants grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight. Too little light will result in a leggy plant.
Do not expose Echeveria to too hot direct sunlight before acclimating them as they can get sun scorched.
Rotate the pot regularly to ensure that the plant receives light on all sides for even growth.
Echeveria can also grow under a grow light where natural light is not sufficient.
Water Echeveria Plants thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil moderately moist.
Reduce watering during the cold period to maintain the soil barely moist but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
Take care not to wet the center of the rosette as it can lead to rotting. Water from the bottom instead.
Use room temperature water to avoid plant shock and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.
Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for Echeveria Plants. Keep the plants away from cold draughts as they can cause reduced growth.
Average room humidity is ideal for Echeveria Plants. They have no need for extra humidity. Make sure that there is good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases.
Feed Echeveria Plants with a succulents fertilizer every 2 weeks during the growing season. Withhold feeding in the cold period as growth is reduced.
The best potting medium for Echeveria Plants should be rich in organic matter, loose and free-draining to avoid getting soggy soil. It should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough.
Echeveria Plants are prone to root-rot if the medium gets soggy (retains too much water), therefore, Cactus and Succulents Mix is ideal as it drains easily. Buy quality Cactus and Succulents Mix for Echeveria Plants online from Etsy.
Echeveria Plants have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary. Repot at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.
Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Use a shallow pot and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.
Pruning Echeveria Plants is easy. Remove dead or diseased leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy as well as discourage pests and diseases.
If the plant becomes straggly with a nice rosette sitting on top of a long woody stem; cut off the rosette, allow it to dry (callus) in dry potting soil and it will root and grow into a new plant.
The woody stem can also be used for propagation where plantlets will form at the top of the stem.
These plantlets can be seperated from the stem when about 4-6 leaves have formed and grown in their own pots.
Echeveria Plants can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant or from leaf cuttings.
Carefully seperate the offsets from the mother plant by cutting with a sharp sterilized knife or pair of scissors.
Select an offset which has several leaves as it is more likely to root and establish faster.
Allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.
Pot each offset in its individual pot in moist, free-draining soil and water sparingly, only when the soil is dry.
Avoid waterlogging and ensure that there is adequate drainage to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Allow the offset to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.
The leaf cuttings root easily thus there is no need for a rooting hormone. Allow the leaf cuttings to dry (callus) for 1-3 days.
Lay the leaves on moist soil and do not allow the cut end to touch the soil to prevent rotting.
Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist through out by light misting.
Roots from the cut end will grow into the moist soil and soon after, new plants will develop.
Carefully lift the new plants and pot in individual pots while taking care not to damage the delicate roots.
Maintain the soil slightly moist until the new plants are well established after which routine care can begin.
Echeveria Plants problems include leaf loss, wilting, leggy growth, rotting, brown leaf tips, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.
Sudden leaf loss in Echeveria Plants is due to watering with very cold water. Water the plant with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plants.
The other cause of sudden leaf loss in Echeveria Plants is underwatering. Water the plant liberally and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil moderately moist.
Decrease watering in the cold period to maintain the soil slightly moist but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.
Elongated stems and misshappen in Echeveria Plants are due to too little light as they grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight.
Too little light will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.
Position the Echeveria to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light with some direct sunlight or instal a grow light if the natural light is not adequate.
Brown leaf tips in Echeveria Plants are due to underwatering. Water the plants thoroughly during the hot season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.
Lessen watering during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
Wilted and discolored leaves in Echeveria Plants are due overwatering during the cold period.
Cut down on watering during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.
In addition, ensure that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is well-drained to prevent it from getting soggy.
Rotting plant base and stems collapse in Echeveria is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.
At this point, the plant is far gone and cannot be saved. Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.
Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time but do not allow the soil getting soggy.
Brown, soft leaf spots in Echeveria Plants are an indication of leaf spot disease which is enhanced by overwet conditions coupled with poor air circulation.
Avoid wetting the center of the rosette and improve air circulation for the plant to discourage disease infestation.
Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the leaf spot disease.
Another common disease in Echeveria Plants is powdery mildew which is prevalent in damp conditions.
Avoid wetting the leaves or water from the bottom instead. Also improve air circulation for the plant.
Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the powdery mildew disease.
Common pests in Echeveria Plants are Scale Insects, Mealy Bugs and Spider Mites. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests. Read on how to identify and get rid of pests in houseplants.
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