Botanical name: Echeveria desmetiana
Synonym: Echeveria peacockii
Peacock Echeveria also called Mexican Peacock Echeveria is an easy to grow houseplants which forms a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on a short stem.
The leaves are covered with a white to bluish bloom and they have reddish margins. The flowers are borne on reddish stalk which arises from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.
Echeveria desmetiana was first described by De Smet. The species had previously been described and illustrated as Echeveria peacockii by T. Moore, with reference to the name Echeveria peacockii that had been used by Croucher.
In Echeveria desmetiana numerous offsets (pups) are produced at the base of the plant which can be used to propagate new plants.
Echeveria desmetiana is native to central and southwest Mexico where it is found growing on rocky outcroppings at higher altitudes.
Many gorgeous hybrids have been developed and there is a wide selection to choose from. Their leaves are 1-3 in. long and each popular species or variety has its own distictive feature.
Some common varieties include;
Some Echeveria Plants are low growing as flattened rosettes and others grow as rosette-topped trees.
Buy beautiful Echeveria Plants from Etsy.
Photo Credit: World of Succulents
Peacock Echeveria grows best in bright light with some direct sunlight.
Avoid exposing your Peacock Echeveria to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing it as it can get sun scorched. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Peacock Echeveria thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.
Reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.
Avoid wetting the center of the rosette as it can lead to rotting; watering from the bottom is safer.
Water your Peacock Echeveria with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking your plant as it can result in reduced growth.
Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for Peacock Echeveria.
Protect Peacock Echeveria from cold draughts to avoid sudden changes in temperature inorder to maintain a constantly warm temperature. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Average room humidity is ideal for your Peacock Echeveria. Peacock Echeveria has no need for high humidity. Ensure good air circulation for your Peacock Echeveria to prevent fungal diseases.
Feed Peacock Echeveria every 2 weeks during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer.
Withhold feeding for Peacock Echeveria during the dormancy stage (cold season) as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Peacock Echeveria have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary.
Repot Peacock Echeveria at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.
Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Use a shallow pot for your Peacock Echeveria and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.
The best soil for Peacock Echeveria should be loose, free-draining and rich in organic matter.
Pruning Peacock Echeveria is easy. Remove dead or diseased leaves as they act as a breeding ground for pests and diseases.
If the Peacock Echeveria is straggly with a nice rosette sitting on top of a long woody stem; cut off the rosette, allow it to dry (callus) in dry potting soil and it will root and grow into a new plant.
The woody stem can also be used for propagation where plantlets will form at the top of the stem. These plantlets can then be seperated from the stem when about 4-6 leaves have formed and grown in their own pots.
Peacock Echeveria can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant or from leaf cuttings.
Carefully seperate the Peacock Echeveria offsets from the mother plant and allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting. Use only an offset which has several leaves.
Pot each Peacock Echeveria offset in its individual pot in moist free-draining soil.
Water the Peacock Echeveria offsets sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.
Peacock Echeveria leaf cuttings root easily and have no need for a rooting hormone.
Take leaf cuttings from your Peacock Echeveria while ensuring that you are using the complete leaf as leaves whose base is broken may not root.
Allow the Peacock Echeveria leaf cuttings to dry (callus) for 1-3 days to promote rooting and prevent rotting.
Lay the Peacock Echeveria leaves on moist soil and do not allow the cut end to touch the soil.
Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist by light misting.
Roots should grow into the moist soil and soon after, new Peacock Echeveria plants will develop from the base of the leaf cutting.
Carefully lift the new Peacock Echeveria plants and pot in individual pots while taking care not to damage the delicate roots.
Maintain the soil slightly moist until the new Peacock Echeveria plants are well established.
Photo Credit: World of Succulents
Watering Peacock Echeveria with very cold water is one cause of sudden leaf loss.
Water your Peacock Echeveria with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plant.
The other cause of sudden leaf loss in Peacock Echeveria is underwatering.
Water Peacock Echeveria moderately and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.
Elongated stems and misshappen in Peacock Echeveria is caused by too little light.
Peacock Echeveria prefers bright light with some direct sunlight. Too little light will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.
Brown leaf tips in Peacock Echeveria are due to underwatering.
Water the Peacock Echeveria thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
Overwatering during the cold period is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in Peacock Echeveria.
Reduce watering for your Peacock Echeveria during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.
Also, ensure the pot for your Peacock Echeveria has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
Rotting plant base and stems collapse in Peacock Echeveria is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.
At this point, the Peacock Echeveria is far gone and cannot be saved. Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.
Brown, soft leaf spots in your Peacock Echeveria are an indication of Leaf spot disease.
Avoid wetting the center of the rosette and improve air circulation for your Peacock Echeveria.
Avoid wetting Peacock Echeveria leaves and water from the bottom instead. Also improve air circulation for your Peacock Echeveria.
Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana) are non-toxic to humans and pets. They are safe to grow indoors.