How to Grow Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana) Indoors

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Houseplant, Peacock Echeveria, Echeveria desmetiana

Botanical name: Echeveria desmetiana
Synonym: Echeveria peacockii
Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sempervivoideae

Peacock Echeveria also called Mexican Peacock Echeveria is an easy to grow houseplants which forms a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on short stem.

The leaves are covered with a white to bluish bloom and they have reddish margins. The flowers are borne on reddish stalk which arises from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.

Echeveria desmetiana was first described by De Smet. The species had previously been described and illustrated as Echeveria peacockii by T. Moore, with reference to the name Echeveria peacockii that had been used by Croucher.

In Echeveria desmetiana numerous offsets are produced at the base of the plant which can be used to propagate new plants.

Echeveria desmetiana is native to central and southwest Mexico where it is found growing on rocky outcroppings at higher altitudes.

The Best Indoor Growing Conditions for Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana)

Light for Peacock Echeveria

Peacock Echeveria prefers bright light with some direct sunlight. Avoid exposing your Peacock Echeveria to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing it as it can get sun scorched. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Peacock Echeveria

Water your Peacock Echeveria thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering for your Peacock Echeveria during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.

Avoid wetting the center of the rosette of your Peacock Echeveria as it can lead to rotting; watering from the bottom is safer.

Water your Peacock Echeveria with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking your plant as it can result in reduced growth.

Ensure that the pot for your Peacock Echeveria has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Peacock Echeveria

Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for your Peacock Echeveria.

Protect your Peacock Echeveria from cold draughts to avoid sudden changes in temperature inorder to maintain a constantly warm temperature. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Peacock Echeveria

Average room humidity is ideal for your Peacock Echeveria. Peacock Echeveria has no need for high humidity. Ensure good air circulation for your Peacock Echeveria to prevent fungal diseases.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Peacock Echeveria

Feed your Peacock Echeveria every 2 weeks during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer.

Withhold feeding for Peacock Echeveria during the dormancy stage (cold season) as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Peacock Echeveria

Peacock Echeveria have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary.

Repot your Peacock Echeveria at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.

Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting of your Peacock Echeveria.

Use a shallow pot for your Peacock Echeveria and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.

The best soil for your Peacock Echeveria should be loose, free-draining and rich in organic matter.

How to Prune Peacock Echeveria

Pruning your Peacock Echeveria is easy. Remove dead or diseased leaves as they act as a breeding ground for pests and diseases.

If your Peacock Echeveria is straggly with a nice rosette sitting on top of a long woody stem; cut off the rosette, allow to dry (callous) in dry potting soil and it will root and grow into a new plant.

The woody stem of your Peacock Echeveria can also be used for propagation where plantlets will form at the top of the stem. These plantlets can then be seperated from the stem when about 4-6 leaves have formed and grown in their own pots.

How to Propagate Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana)

Peacock Echeveria can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets which form at the base of the plant or from leaf cuttings.

How to propagate Peacock Echeveria from offsets

Carefully seperate the Peacock Echeveria offsets from the mother plant and allow the offsets to dry for 1-3 days before potting. Use only an offset which has several leaves.

Pot each Peacock Echeveria offset in its individual pot in moist free-draining soil.

Water the Peacock Echeveria offsets sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.

How to propagate Peacock Echeveria from leaf cuttings

Peacock Echeveria leaf cuttings root easily.

Take leaf cuttings from your Peacock Echeveria while ensuring that you are using the complete leaf as leaves whose base is broken may not root.

Allow the Peacock Echeveria leaf cuttings to dry for 1-3 days to promote rooting and prevent rotting.

Lay the Peacock Echeveria leaves on moist soil and do not allow the cut end to touch the soil.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist by light misting.

Roots should grow into the moist soil and soon after, new Peacock Echeveria plants will develop from the base of the leaf cutting.

Carefully lift the new Peacock Echeveria plants and pot in individual pots while taking care not to damage the delicate roots.

Maintain the soil slightly moist until the new Peacock Echeveria plants are well established.

Common Problems in Growing Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana) Indoors

Sudden leaf loss

Watering your Peacock Echeveria with very cold water is one cause of sudden leaf loss.

Water your Peacock Echeveria with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plant.

ANother cause of sudden leaf loss in your Peacock Echeveria is underwatering.

Water your Peacock Echeveria moderately and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

Elongated stems and misshappen

Elongated stems and misshappen in your Peacock Echeveria is caused by too little light.

Your Peacock Echeveria prefers bright light with some direct sunlight. Too little light will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.

Brown leaf tips

Brown leaf tips in your Peacock Echeveria are due to underwatering.

Water your Peacock Echeveria thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Wilted and discolored leaves

Overwatering during the cold period is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in your Peacock Echeveria.

Reduce watering for your Peacock Echeveria during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.

Also, ensure the pot for your Peacock Echeveria has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

Rot at the base followed by stem collapse

Rotting plant base and stems collapse in your Peacock Echeveria is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.

At this point, your Peacock Echeveria is far gone and cannot be saved. Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.

Brown, soft leaf spots

Brown, soft leaf spots in your Peacock Echeveria are an indication of Leaf spot disease.

Avoid wetting the center of the rosette and improve air circulation for your Peacock Echeveria.

Diseases

Common diseases in Peacock Echeveria are Powdery Mildew and Leaf Spot which are prevalent in damp conditions.

Avoid wetting your Peacock Echeveria leaves and water from the bottom instead. Also improve air circulation for your Peacock Echeveria.

Pests

Common pests in Peacock Echeveria are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Is Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana) toxic?

Peacock Echeveria (Echeveria desmetiana) are non-toxic to humans and pets. They are safe to grow indoors.

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