How to Grow Red Echeveria (Echeveria harmsii) Indoors

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Houseplant, Red Echeveria, Echeveria harmsii

Botanical name: Echeveria harmsii
Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Sempervivoideae

Red Echeveria also called Plush Plant, Ruby Slippers or Red Devotion is a small succulent plant which forms a rosette of dark-green leaves with reddish edges which are covered in silver velvet.

The Red Echeveria can be grown for both its beautiful foliage as well as its spectacular flowers. The flower is large, urn shaped, bright-orange with golden throats.

In Red Echeveria numerous offsets are produced at the base of the plant and can be used to propagate new plants.

Red Echeveria can grow to a height of 2 ft. The rosette of leaves is oval-shaped and can reach about 3 in. long.

The leaves in Red Echeveria are thick and are more or less triangular in shape. The leaf color ranges from green to blue-green depending on the light exposure.

Echeveria harmsii is native to Mexico and Central America where it can be found growing in the deciduous forest as well as on rocky slopes.

The Best Indoor Growing Conditions for Red Echeveria (Echeveria harmsii)

Light for Red Echeveria

Red Echeveria prefers bright light with some direct sunlight. Avoid exposing your Red Echeveria to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing it as it can get sun scorched. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Red Echeveria

Water your Red Echeveria thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering for your Red Echeveria during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.

Avoid wetting the center of the rosette of your Red Echeveria as it can lead to rotting; watering from the bottom is safer.

Water your Red Echeveria with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking your plant as it can result in reduced growth.

Ensure that the pot for your Red Echeveria has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Red Echeveria

Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for your Red Echeveria.

Protect your Red Echeveria from cold draughts to avoid sudden changes in temperature inorder to maintain a constantly warm temperature. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Red Echeveria

Average room humidity is ideal for your Red Echeveria. Red Echeveria has no need for high humidity. Ensure good air circulation for your Red Echeveria to prevent fungal diseases.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Red Echeveria

Feed your Red Echeveria every 2 weeks during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer.

Withhold feeding for Red Echeveria during the dormancy stage (cold season) as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Red Echeveria

Red Echeveria have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary.

Repot your Red Echeveria at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.

Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting of your Red Echeveria.

Use a shallow pot for your Red Echeveria and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.

The best soil for your Red Echeveria should be loose, free-draining and rich in organic matter.

How to Prune Red Echeveria

Pruning your Red Echeveria is easy. Remove dead or diseased leaves as they act as a breeding ground for pests and diseases.

If your Red Echeveria is straggly with a nice rosette sitting on top of a long woody stem; cut off the rosette, allow to dry (callous) in dry potting soil and it will root and grow into a new plant.

The woody stem of your Red Echeveria can also be used for propagation where plantlets will form at the top of the stem. These plantlets can then be seperated from the stem when about 4-6 leaves have formed and grown in their own pots.

How to Propagate Red Echeveria (Echeveria harmsii)

Red Echeveria can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets which form at the base of the plant or from leaf cuttings.

How to propagate Red Echeveria from offsets

Carefully seperate the Red Echeveria offsets from the mother plant and allow the offsets to dry for 1-3 days before potting. Use only an offset which has several leaves.

Pot each Red Echeveria offset in its individual pot in moist free-draining soil.

Water the Red Echeveria offsets sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.

How to propagate Red Echeveria from leaf cuttings

Red Echeveria leaf cuttings root easily.

Take leaf cuttings from your Red Echeveria while ensuring that you are using the complete leaf as leaves whose base is broken may not root.

Allow the Red Echeveria leaf cuttings to dry for 1-3 days to promote rooting and prevent rotting.

Lay the Red Echeveria leaves on moist soil and do not allow the cut end to touch the soil.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist by light misting.

Roots should grow into the moist soil and soon after, new Red Echeveria plants will develop from the base of the leaf cutting.

Carefully lift the new Red Echeveria plants and pot in individual pots while taking care not to damage the delicate roots.

Maintain the soil slightly moist until the new Red Echeveria plants are well established.

Common Problems in Growing Red Echeveria (Echeveria harmsii) Indoors

Sudden leaf loss

Watering your Red Echeveria with very cold water is one cause of sudden leaf loss.

Water your Red Echeveria with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plant.

ANother cause of sudden leaf loss in your Red Echeveria is underwatering.

Water your Red Echeveria moderately and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

Elongated stems and misshappen

Elongated stems and misshappen in your Red Echeveria is caused by too little light.

Your Red Echeveria prefers bright light with some direct sunlight. Too little light will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.

Brown leaf tips

Brown leaf tips in your Red Echeveria are due to underwatering.

Water your Red Echeveria thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Wilted and discolored leaves

Overwatering during the cold period is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in your Red Echeveria.

Reduce watering for your Red Echeveria during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.

Also, ensure the pot for your Red Echeveria has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

Rot at the base followed by stem collapse

Rotting plant base and stems collapse in your Red Echeveria is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.

At this point, your Red Echeveria is far gone and cannot be saved. Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.

Brown, soft leaf spots

Brown, soft leaf spots in your Red Echeveria are an indication of Leaf spot disease.

Avoid wetting the center of the rosette and improve air circulation for your Red Echeveria.

Diseases

Common diseases in Red Echeveria are Powdery Mildew and Leaf Spot which are prevalent in damp conditions.

Avoid wetting your Red Echeveria leaves and water from the bottom instead. Also improve air circulation for your Red Echeveria.

Pests

Common pests in Red Echeveria are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Is Red Echeveria (Echeveria harmsii) toxic?

Red Echeveria (Echeveria harmsii) are non-toxic to humans and pets. They are safe to grow indoors.

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