Botanical name: Haworthia spp
Haworthia Plants have firm, tough, fleshy leaves, usually dark-green in color while others are softer and contain leaf windows with translucent panels through which sunlight can reach internal photosynthetic tissues.
The Haworthia Plants resemble miniature Aloes except in their flowers which are distinctive in appearance.
Haworthia Plants form a rosette of leaves from 1.2 in to 12 in. in diameter and the flowers are white and small.
When the plants are stressed like when deprived of water, their color can change to reds and purple. If deprived of nitrogen the leaves become paler.
Haworthia Plants are endemic to Southern Africa; Mozambique, Namimbia, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa.
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The best conditions for Haworthia are bright light with some direct sunlight, average to above average warmth and slightly moist, fertile, well-drained soil coupled with monthly feeding during the growing season.
Haworthia have no need for high humidity. However, they require annual repotting to flourish. Pruning is needed to keep the plant neat and tidy as well as reduce pest and disease infestations. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to provide them.
Haworthia grow best in bright light with some morning or late afternoon direct sunlight but away from hot midday direct sunshine as it can scorch the leaves.
Should you choose to take your Hawothia outdoors, acclimate it gradually and place it in a shaded place.
Regularly rotate the pot to ensure that the plant receives adequate light on all sides to prevent lopsided growth.
If the natural lighting is not adequate, Haworthia can be grown under a grow light to supplement it as bright light is necessary for lush growth.
Water Haworthia thoroughly during the growing season until water comes out through the drainage holes but allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Significantly, decrease watering in the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but do not let the soil dry out completely.
Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.
Avoiding wetting the leaves as it can lead to rotting or water from the bottom instead.
Use water that is at room temperature to avoid plant shock as it can result in stunted growth.
Average to above average warm temperatures, from 18-260C are ideal for Haworthia Plant. The sudden change in temperature between day and night is excellent for this succulent plant as it mimicks its natural arid conditions.
Haworthia Plants have no need for high humidity. Average room humidity is ideal for this plant. Ensure that there is good air circulation to avoid fungal disease infestations.
The best potting medium for Haworthia is fertile, loose and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy. It should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough like this Cactus and Succulents Mix available on Etsy.
Feed Haworthia Plant monthly during the growing period with a succulents fertilizer for lush growth. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.
Repot Haworthia Plant once every year at the beginning of the growing season as this will ensure a healthy and vigorously growing plant.
Use a shallow rather than a deep pot for Haworthia Plant as it has shallow roots. A clay pot is preferable because it is porous and therefore allows the soil to dry out faster.
The pot for Haworthia Plant should be only 1 size larger than the current one. Confirnm that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Pruning Haworthia Plant only requires removal of dead or diseased leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy as well as discourage pest and disease infestations.
Cut the leaves at the base with a sharp, sterilized knife or pair of scissors to detach them from the stem. As much as possible avoid excessive injury to the plant.
Haworthia Plants can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant.
Seperate the Haworthia offset from the mother by cutting with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors to avoid excessive injury to the plants. Select an offset which has several leaves.
Allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.
Plant the offset in free-draining soil and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Place the set up in a warm, brightly lit spot away from direct sunlight.
Water sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of the plant.
Allow the new Haworthia Plant to be well established after which you can begin routine care.
Haworthia Plants problems indoors include wilting and drooping leaves, leaf spots, rotting, discoloration, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems, their remedies and solutions.
Haworthia Plant wilted and drooping leaves are due to underwatering. Immediately water the plant thoroughly and it should recover.
To prevent wilting and drooping, water the plant liberally during the growing season while allowing the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Cut down on watering during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but never allow the soil to dry our completely.
Haworthia Plant rotting at base followed by yellowing and shriveled leaves are an indication of basal stem rot disease due to overwet conditions.
Remove and discard the infected parts to prevent spread to the rest of the plant.
Significantly reduce watering during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time to keep the soil slightly moist.
Use a fungicidal solution ocassionally to prevent infection and water the Haworthia from bottom to avoid wetting the foliage.
Brown soft spots in Haworthia Plant are an indication of leaf spot disease which is promoted by poor air circulation.
Always ensure that there is good air circulation for the Haworthia Plant at all times to prevent infestation by this disease. Read on how to treat leaf spot in houseplants.
Wilted and discolored in Haworthia Plant are caused by overwatering during the cold season. Water the plant very infrequently during the cold season and always allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Haworthia Plant pests are Scales and Mealy Bugs. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it with appropriate products like Neem oil or Insecticidal soap.
Haworthia Plants (Haworthia spp) are non-toxic to both humans and pets. They are safe to grow in the home.
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