Some links in this post may be affiliate links
Botanical name: Haworthia spp
Haworthia Plants have firm, tough, fleshy leaves, usually dark-green in color while others are softer and contain leaf windows with translucent panels through which sunlight can reach internal photosynthetic tissues.
The Haworthia Plants resemble miniature Aloes except in their flowers which are distinctive in appearance.
Haworthia Plants form a rosette of warty leaves from 1.2 in to 12 in. in diameter and the flowers are white and small.
When the plants are stressed like when deprived of water, their color can change to reds and purple. If deprived of nitrogen the leaves become paler.
Haworthia Plants are endemic to Southern Africa; Mozambique, Namimbia, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa.
Haworthia genus is closely related to the genera Aloe and Gasteria. The species of these genera are known to hybridise relatively easily with each other.
If you are looking to add these spectacular plants to your collection. Buy Haworthia Plants online from Etsy.
Haworthia Plants thrive in bright light with some direct sunlight and slightly moist, fertile, well-drained soil coupled with monthly feeding during the growing season.
Haworthia have no need for high humidity. However, they require average to above average room temperatures and annual repotting to thrive. Pruning is needed to keep the plant neat and tidy as well as reduce pest and disease infestations. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to provide them.
Haworthia grow best in bright light away from direct sunshine as it can scorch the leaves.
Should you choose to take this plant outdoors, acclimate it gradually and place in a shaded place.
Regularly rotate the pot to ensure that the plant receives adequate light on all sides to prevent lopsided growth.
If the natural lighting is not adequate, Haworthia can be grown under a grow light to supplement it.
Water Haworthia Plant thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Significantly, decrease watering in the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but do not let the soil dry out completely.
Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.
Avoiding wetting the leaves as it can lead to rotting or water from the bottom instead.
Use water that is at room temperature to avoid plant shock as it can result in reduced growth.
Average warmth temperatures, from 18-260C are ideal for Haworthia Plant. The sudden change in temperature between day and night is excellent for this succulent plant.
Haworthia Plants have no need for high humidity. Average room humidity is ideal for this plant.
Feed Haworthia Plant monthly during the growing period with a succulents fertilizer for lush growth. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.
Repot Haworthia Plant once every year at the beginning of the growing season as this will ensure a healthy and vigorously growing plant.
Use a shallow rather than a deep pot for Haworthia Plant as it has shallow roots. A clay pot is preferable because it is porous and therefore allows the soil to dry out faster.
The pot for Haworthia Plant should be only 1 size larger than the current one. Confirnm that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
The best soil for Haworthia Plants should be rich in organic matter, loose and free-draining to avoid getting soggy soil. The soil should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough. Cactus and Succulents soil available at Etsy is ideal for Haworthia Plants.
Pruning Haworthia Plant only requires removal of dead or diseased leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy as well as discourage pest and disease infestations.
Cut the leaves at the base with a sharp knife or pair of scissors to detach them from the stem. As much as possible avoid excessive injury to the plant.
Haworthia Plants can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season fromoffsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant.
Seperate the Haworthia offset from the mother by cutting with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors to avoid excessive injury to the plants. Select an offset which has several leaves.
Allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.
Plant the offset in free-draining soil and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Place the set up in a warm, brightly lit spot away from direct sunlight.
Water sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of the plant.
Allow the new Haworthia Plant to be well established after which you can begin routine care.
Haworthia Plants problems indoors include wilting and drooping leaves, leaf spots, rotting, discoloration, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems, their remedies and solutions.
Haworthia Plant wilted and drooping leaves are due to underwatering. Immediately water the plant thoroughly and it should recover.
To prevent wilting and drooping, water the plant liberally during the growing season while allowing the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Cut down on watering during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but never allow the soil to dry our completely.
Haworthia Plant rotting at base followed by yellowing and shriveled leaves are an indication of basal stem rot disease due to overwet conditions.
Remove and discard the infected parts to prevent spread to the rest of the plant.
Significantly reduce watering during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time to keep the soil slightly moist.
Use a fungicidal solution ocassionally to prevent infection and water the Haworthia from bottom to avoid wetting the foliage.
Brown soft spots in Haworthia Plant are an indication of leaf spot disease which is promoted by poor air circulation.
Always ensure that there is good air circulation for the Haworthia Plant at all times to prevent infestation by this disease. Read on how to treat leaf spot in houseplants.
Wilted and discolored in Haworthia Plant are caused by overwatering during the cold season. Water the plant very infrequently during the cold season and always allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Haworthia Plant pests are Scales and Mealy Bugs. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it with appropriate products like Neem oil or Insecticidal soap.
Haworthia Plants (Haworthia spp) are non-toxic to both humans and pets. They are safe to grow in the home.