How to grow and care for Haworthia Plant (Haworthia spp) Indoors

Some links in this post may be affiliate links

Haworthia Plant, Haworthia

Haworthia fasciata

Botanical name: Haworthia spp
Family: Asphodelaceae
Sufamily: Asphodeloideae

Haworthia Description

Haworthia Plants have firm, tough, fleshy leaves, usually dark-green in color while others are softer and contain leaf windows with translucent panels through which sunlight can reach internal photosynthetic tissues.

The Haworthia Plants resemble miniature aloes except in their flowers which are distinctive in appearance.

Haworthia Plants form a rosette of warty leaves from 1.2 in to 12 in. in diameter and the flowers are white and small.

When the Haworthia Plants are stressed like when deprived of water, their color can change to reds and purple. If deprived of nitrogen the leaves become paler.

Haworthia Origin

Haworthia Plants are endemic to Southern Africa; Mozambique, Namimbia, Lesotho, Swaziland and South Africa.

Haworthia Related Plants

Haworthia genus is closely related to the genera Aloe and Gasteria. The species of these genera are known to hybridise relatively easily with each other.

Buy beautiful and healthy Haworthia Plants from Etsy.

Haworthia Plant, Haworthia

Haworthia attenuata

Haworthia Plant Care Indoors

Haworthia Light Requirements

Haworthia grow best in bright light away from direct sunshine. Should you choose to take your Haworthia Plant outdoors, acclimatize it gradually and place in a shaded place. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Haworthia Plants

Water Haworthia Plant thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the soil to almost dry out between waterings.

Water the plant very infrequently during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Avoiding wetting the leaves of your Haworthia Plant as it can lead to rotting and water from the bottom instead.

Water the Haworthia Plant with water that is at room temperature to avoid plant shock as it can result in reduced growth. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Haworthia Plants

Average warmth temperatures, from 18-260C are ideal for Haworthia Plant.

The sudden change in temperature between day and night is excellent for this succulent. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Haworthia Plants

Haworthia Plants have no need for high humidity. Average room humidity is ideal for your plant.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Haworthia Plants

Feed Haworthia Plant monthly during the growing period with a water soluble fertilizer.

Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Haworthia Plants

Repot Haworthia Plant once every year at the beginning of the growing season as this will ensure a healthy and vigorously growing plant.

Use a shallow rather than a deep pot for your Haworthia Plant as it has shallow roots.

A clay pot is preferable because it is porous and therefore allows the soil to dry out faster.

The pot for Haworthia Plant should be only 1 size larger than the previous one.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

The best soil for Haworthia Plant is sandy or rocky soil as it mimicks the soil in its natural habitat.

How to Prune Haworthia Plants

Pruning Haworthia Plant only requires removal of dead or diseased leaves.

Cut the leaves at the base with a sharp knife or pair of scissors to detach them from the stem. As much as possible avoid excessive injury to the plant.

Haworthia Plant Propagation

Haworthia Plants can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant.

How to Propagate Haworthia Plants from Offsets

Seperate the Haworthia offset from the mother by cutting with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors to avoid excessive injury to the plants. Select an offset which has several leaves.

Allow the offsets to dry (callus) for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.

Plant the Haworthia offset in free-draining soil and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.

Water sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of the plant.

Haworthia Plant, Haworthia

Haworthia cuspidata

Haworthia Plant Problems Indoors

Haworthia Plant brown soft spots

Haworthia Plant brown soft spots are an indication of leaf spot disease which is promoted by poor air circulation.

Ensure there is good air circulation for your Haworthia Plant at all times to prevent infestation by the diseases.

Haworthia Plant wilted and drooping leaves

Haworthia Plant wilted and drooping leaves are due to underwatering. Water the plant thoroughly and it should perk up immediately.

To prevent your Haworthia plant from wilting and drooping, water it thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the soil to almost dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but never allow the soil to dry our completely.

Haworthia Plant wilted and discolored leaves

Haworthia Plant leaves wilted and discolored are caused by overwatering during the cold season.

Water your Haworthia Plant sparingly during the cold season and always allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings.

Haworthia Plant rotting base, yellowing and shriveled leaves

Haworthia Plant rotting at base followed by yellowing and shriveled leaves are an indication of basal stem rot disease due to overwet conditions.

Significantly reduce watering for your Haworthia Plant during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.

Use a fungicidal solution ocassionally to prevent infection and water your Haworthia from bottom.

Remove and discard the infected parts to prevent spread to the rest of your Haworthia Plant.

Haworthia Plant pests

Haworthia Plant pests are Scales and Mealy Bugs. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.

Is Haworthia Plant toxic?

Haworthia Plants (Haworthia spp) are non-toxic to both humans and pets. They are safe to grow in the home.

Haworthia Varieties for growing Indoors

  • Haworthia margaritifera (Pearl Plant) which forms a ball-like rosette about 5 in. across. The white tubercles which cover the back of the leaves gives the plant a pearly appearance and hence the common name.

  • Haworthia papillosa is similar to Pearl Plant.

  • Haworthia fasciata, (Zebra Haworthia) the warts are arranged in horizontal bands giving it the "Zebra striping".

  • Haworthia attenuata (Big Band Zebra Haworthia) whose horizontal bands are larger.

  • Haworthia tessellata (Star Window Plant), Haworthia cuspidata and Haworthia cooperi have semi-transparent "windows" instead of warts on the upper surface of the leaves.

  • Haworthia reinwardtii (Wart Plant) forms an erect stem which is clothed with thick triangular leaves.

You liked it? Share on social media.

On the Blog

You liked it? Share on social media.