12 Types of Echeveria Succulent Plants with Names and Pictures
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Echeveria Succulents are spectacular plants which bear a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on short stems and are covered with a white bloom, short hairs or a waxy coating.
The flowers, borne on short stalks (cymes) arise from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.
Echeveria species are polycarpic which means that they may flower and set seed many times over the course of their lifetime.
Plants in the Echeveria Genus bear numerous offsets (pups) at the base of the plant which give the plants the name hen and chicks although this name may also refer to other genera like Sempervivum.
The Echeveria Genus comprises of about 150 species which are native to semi-desert areas of Central America, Mexico and northwestern South America.
Echeveria grow best in bright light with some direct sunlight, average warmth and moderately moist, well-drained soil coupled with regular feeding during the growing season.
They have no need for high humidity but ensure that there is good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases.
The Echeveria Succulents do not not require regular repotting as they have a small root system. However, pruning is necessary to keep the plants neat and tidy as well as discourage pest and disease infestations.
Many gorgeous hybrids of Echeveria have been developed and there is a wide selection to choose from. Each popular species or variety has its own distictive feature.
12 Beautiful Echeveria Varieties
1. Plush Plant (Echeveria harmsii)
Plush Plant also called Red Echeveria, Ruby Slippers Plant or Red Devotion Plant is a small succulent plant which forms a rosette of dark-green leaves with reddish edges which are covered in silver velvet.
Red Echeveria can be grown for both its beautiful foliage as well as its spectacular flowers. The flower is large, urn shaped, bright-orange with golden throats.
Red Devotion Plant leaves are thick and are more or less triangular in shape. The leaf color ranges from green to blue-green depending on the light exposure. Learn how to grow and care for Plush Plant (Echeveria harmsii).
2. Echeveria amoena
Echeveria amoena is an evergreen perennial succulent with a stem of about 8 cm long and grows in the form of a compact rosette, with fleshy, full-margin and accumulated apex leaves.
The inflorescence in Echeveria amoena is simple, reddish zinc, with several alternate ascending, succulent, green, reddish or pink-orange bracts.
Echeveria amoena is a short plant which grows to a height of about 4 in. only and is easy to grow even for a beginner plant parent. Read more on how to grow and care for Echeveria amoena.
3. Echeveria carnicolor
Echeveria carnicolor is a short succulent plant which has a very flat rosette with gray-purple leaves with a whitish margin and the flowers are orange-red.
The leaves in Echeveria carnicolor are pointy, long, and thin; about 4 in. long and 1.2 in. wide. Echeveria carnicolor plant is a compact plant which grows to a height of 4-5 in. and about 5 in. wide.
One of the most notable feature in Echeveria carnicolor are the dark green leaves which turn slightly darker when stressed. Learn more on how to grow and care for Echeveria carnicolor.
4. Echeveria desmetiana (Echeveria Peacockii)
Echeveria desmetiana commonly called Peacock Echeveria or Mexican Peacock Echeveria is an easy to grow plant which forms a rosette of short, beautiful and tightly packed leaves on a short stem.
The leaves are covered with a white to bluish bloom and they have reddish margins. The flowers are borne on reddish stalk which arises from the compact rosettes of fleshy leaves.
Echeveria desmetiana is native to central and southwest Mexico where it is found growing on rocky outcroppings at higher altitudes. Read more on how to grow and care for Echeveria desmetiana (Echeveria Peacockii).
5. Painted Lady Echeveria (Echeveria derenbergii)
Painted Lady Echeveria is an evergreen perennial succulent which bears a dense basal rosette of pagoda-shaped, frosted, bristle-tipped, silvery-green fleshy leaves.
Echeveria derenbergii bears bell-shaped yellow flowers with red tips which look-like they have been painted and hence the common name, 'Painted Lady'.
Painted Lady Echeveria is a short plant which grows to a height of about 4-6 in. only and is easy to grow even for a beginner plant parent. Read more on how to grow and care for Painted Lady Echeveria (Echeveria derenbergii).
6. Lipstick Echeveria (Echeveria agavoides)
Lipstick Echeveria is a small, stemless succulent plant, with a rosette of leaves about 3-6 in in diameter and the flowers are pink, orange or red, the petals tipped with dark yellow.
The leaves in Echeveria agavoides are green, triangular, thick and more acute than the other echeverias - hence their name agavoides, 'looking like an agave'.
With bright light, some varieties have reddish (or bronze) tips while some forms have slightly red to very red margins. The inflorescences appear in summer on slender, single-sided cymes about 20 in long.
7. Mexican Fire Cracker (Echeveria setosa)
Echeveria setosa is an evergreen succulent, growing to about 2 in. high by 12 in. wide, with spherical rosettes of fleshy spoon-shaped leaves covered in white hairs known as glochids.
The species name, 'setosa' means "bristly; shaggy" and refers to the hairs on the leaves. These hairs can cause irritation to the skin.
Mexican Fire Cracker bears orange-red flowers with yellow tips and appear on up to 12 in. long stalks from late spring to summer.
8. Echeveria gibbiflora
Echeveria gibbiflora is a large species of Echeveria, which produces rosettes of about 15 leaves, a tall flowering stem and an average of 160 flower buds.
The flowers are red, tubular and are about 1 in. long with 10 stamens and 5 styles. Each flower is open for between 7–8 days and is attractive to nectar-seeking broad-billed hummingbirds.
The leaves in Echeveria gibbiflora are broad, reddish-green, more or less glaucous, spoon-shaped and up to 8 in. long.
9. Mexican Snowball (Echeveria elegans)
Mexican Snowball also called God's Throne, Mexican Gem or White Mexican Rose is a succulent, evergreen perennial, with tight rosettes of pale, green-blue, fleshy leaves.
Mexican Gem bears long, slender, pink stalks of pink flowers with yellow tips in winter and spring.
Echeveria elegans is an easy to grow plant even for a beginner. It can be grown both as an indoor or an outdoor plant.
10. Mexican Giant (Echeveria colorata)
Mexican Giant is an evergreen perennial succulent, with a rosette of minty, silver-green, fleshy leaves with pink tips growing up to 16 in. in diameter and the older leaves have a blush of pink.
Echeveria colorata is a large clumping Echeveria which bears bell-shaped, pink flowers on arching stalks in spring.
Mexican Giant is a slow-growing, clumping succulent with a solitary stemless rosette that produces many offsets in the form of clumping mounds.
11. Miniature Echeveria (Echeveria minima)
Echeveria minima has small, blue-green rosettes with pink edges growing in clusters, and produces yellow bell-shaped flowers in the spring.
Miniature Echeveria is not cold-hardy and will not tolerate temperatures lower than -6.7°C. It is winter dormant, which means it stops growing in winter.
Echeveria minima produces small offsets which sprouts up around the base of the mother plant, this means it will inevitably grow into clusters.
12. White Cloud Echeveria (Echeveria cante)
Echeveria cante forms a solitary rosette of lavender-tinged, pale bluish-green leaves with a white powdery coating and often with thin-edged pink margins.
The flowers in White Cloud Echeveria are orange-pink and covered with a frostlike bloom outside, yellowish inside, and appear in summer.
Echeveria cante grows to a height of 6-9 in. and about to 1–2 ft in width with large succulent leaves. The species does not produce offsets, however, its hybrids do.