How to grow and care for Aloe Plants Indoors

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Aloe Plant

Aloe barbadensis (Aloe Vera)

Botanical name: Aloe spp
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae

Aloe Plants Description

Aloe Plants are easy to grow succulent plants which come in all shapes and sizes. There are numerous species of Aloes but only a few are popular as houseplants.

Aloes form a stemless rosettes of fleshy leaves. The flowers are tubular, frequently yellow, orange, pink or red and are borne , densely clustered and pendant at the apex of simple or branched leafless stems.

Aloes reproduce by means of offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant once the plant has reached maturity.

Aloe Plants Origin

The Aloe genus is native to tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, Jordan, the Arabian Penisula and various islands in the Indian Ocean.

Aloe Plants Varieties

There are over 560 species in the Aloe genus. The most popular species of Aloe Plants is Aloe barbadensis, the Aloe vera or "true aloe".

Aloe vera is cultivated as the standard source of Aloe vera juice which is used for assorted pharmaceutical purposes. In the home this juice is used for treatment of burns and various skin conditions.

Other species popular for indoors are Aloe aristata (Lace Aloe) whose 4 in. long leaves form a globular rosette which when mature produces a large number of offsets, the leaves have white warts.

Aloe variegata (Partridge-breasted Aloe) whose upright 6 in. leaves are thick, triangular with prominent white banding and edging on the dark-green or purplish surface.

Other attractive species are Aloe jucunda which is a small species forming 3 in. rosettes of spiny, cream-blotched dark leaves.

Aloe humilis (Hedgehog Aloe) is another dwarf whose blue-green leaves bear white teeth and Aloe mitriformis which is a thorny species among many others.

Aloes are closely related to the genera Haworthia and Gasteria. The species of these genera are known to hybridise relatively easily with each other.

Aloe Plants for Sale

Buy beautiful and healthy Aloe Plants from Etsy.

Lace Aloe

Aloe aristata (Lace Aloe)

Aloe Plants Care Indoors

Aloe Plants Light Requirements

Aloe Plants grow best under bright light with some direct sunlight. Avoid exposing the plants to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing them as they can get sun scorched.

Turn the pot regularly to ensure that the plant receives light on all sides for uniform growth. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to water Aloe Plants

Water Aloe Plants thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering during the cold period to maintain the soil barely moist.

Avoiding wetting the center of the rosette as it can lead to rotting. Water your Aloe from the bottom instead.

Water your Aloe with room temperature water to avoid plant shock. Avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Aloe Plants

Average warmth between 16-280C during the growing season is ideal for your Aloe Plant. Check out this guide on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Aloe Plants

Aloes have no need for high humidity. Average room humidity is ideal for Aloe Plant.

Ensure there is good air circulation for your Aloe Plant to prevent fungal diseases infestations.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Aloe Plants

Feed Aloe Plant every 4 weeks during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer.

Withhold feeding for your Aloe Plant during the dormancy stage as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

Aloe Plant Repotting

Aloe Plants have a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary. Repot the plant at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.

Repot your Aloe into a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.

Use a shallow pot and be careful not to bury the stems of your Aloe to prevent rotting. The best soil for Aloes should be loose, free-draining and rich in organic matter.

Soil for Aloe Plant

The best soil for Aloe Plant should be rich in organic matter, loose and free-draining to avoid getting soggy soil. The soil should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough. Cactus and Succulents soil is ideal for Aloe Plant.

Buy quality Cactus and Succulents Soil for your Aloe Plant from Etsy.

Aloe Plant Pruning

Pruning Aloe Plant is easy. Cut the dead or diseased leaves with a sharp knife to keep the plant neat and to reduce pests and disease infestation.

Aloe Plant Propagation

Aloe Plant propagation can be done at the beginning of the growing season from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant.

How to propagate Aloes from offsets

Carefully seperate the offsets from the mother Aloe Plant. Allow the offsets to dry for 1-3 days before potting. Use an offset which has several leaves.

Pot each Aloe offset in its individual pot in moist free-draining soil.

Water sparingly, only when the soil is dry and avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.

Aloe variegata

Aloe variegata (Partridge-breasted Aloe)

Aloe Plant Problems Indoors

Aloe Plant problems indoors are mainly due to cultural faults in watering; either underwatering or overwatering. Read on for remedies and solutions.

Aloe Plant brown leaf tips

Brown leaf tips in Aloe Plant is due to underwatering during the hot season (growing season).

Water your Aloe Plant thoroughly during the hot period while allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Aloe Plant wilted and discolored leaves

Wilted and discolored leaves in Aloe Plant are due to overwatering during the cold period as growth is minimal at this time.

Reduce watering for your Aloe Plant in the cold season and maintain the soil barely moist. Do not wet the soil thoroughly during this period.

Aloe Plant brown soft spots

Brown soft spots in Aloe Plant is an indication of leaf spot disease which is brought about by over wet conditions.

Avoid wetting the rosette of leaves of your Aloe Plant. Do not let the soil get soggy. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is loose and free-draining.

Aloe Plant rotting base, yellowing and shrivelled leaves

Rotting base, yellowing and shrivelled leaves in Aloe Plant is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions.

Avoid wetting the rosette of leaves of your Aloe Plant. Do not let the soil get soggy. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is loose and free-draining.

Aloe Plant diseases

Common diseases in Aloe Plant are crown and stem rot and leaf spot disease which are brought about by over wet conditions.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the diseases.

Aloe Plant pests

Aloe Plants are fairly resistant to pests but weak plants can be attacked by Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Regularly inspect your plant for pests and carry out timely treatment. Ensure to maintain your plants healthy at all times by carrying out cultural practices correctly.

Is Aloe Plant toxic?

Aloe Plants are non-toxic to humans and toxic to pets. If ingested they can cause vomiting, diarrhea and lethargy in pets.

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