Botanical name: Dischidia nummularia
Common names: String of Nickels Plant, Button Orchid
String of Nickels Plant (Dischidia nummularia) also called Button Orchid is a trailing succulent plant which forms a dense mass of greenish-yellow foliage.
The stems can grow upto 3 metres long and cascade beautifully downwards in a hanging basket or on a pedestal.
The leaves are opposite and round and look like numerous coins, hence the common name "String of Nickels".
The young leaves often have a powdery bloom. The flowers are white to yellowish-white.
Dischidia nummularia is native to India, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Australia where it grows as an epiphyte on trees.
String of Nickels Plant (Dischidia nummularia) produces a milky sap which can irritate the skin. Always wear gloves when handling. Button Orchid is considered toxic to both humans and pets if ingested.
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Button Orchid are excellent hanging plants for any plant collection. Buy Dischidia nummularia (String of Nickels Plant) online from Etsy.
String of Nickels Plant (Dischidia nummularia) thrives in bright light with some morning sunshine, average warmth, moderately moist, rich, well-drained soil and two feedings during the growing season.
Dischidia nummularia has no need for high humidity or frequent repotting as it has a small root system.
Pruning String of Nickels Plant is needed to keep it neat, to discourage pests and diseases and to control growth. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to achieve them.
String of Nickels Plant grows best in bright light with some morning sunshine.
Low light for Button Orchid results in a leggy plant while direct hot sunlight can scorch the leaves.
It can also grow under a grow light where natural light is not sufficient.
Water String of Nickels Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil moderately moist.
Significantly decrease watering during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as the growth is minimal at this time.
Ascertain that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to avoid soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.
Average warmth between 18-260C during the growing season is ideal for String of Nickels Plant. Keep it away from draughts as it does not like sudden changes in the temperature.
Average room humidity is ideal for String of Nickels Plant. It has no need for high humidity but ensure that there is good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases.
Feed String of Nickels Plant twice during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer. It is not a heavy feeder so be careful when feeding. Do not feed in the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.
The best potting medium for String of Nickels Plant should be rich in organic matter, loose and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy. The medium should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough.
String of Nickels Plant is prone to root-rot if the medium gets soggy (retains too much water), therefore, Cactus and Succulents Mix is ideal as it drains easily. Purchase quality Cactus and Succulents Mix for Button Orchid online from Etsy.
String of Nickels has a small root system so frequent repotting is not necessary. Repot the plant at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.
Use a pot 1 size larger than the current one and ensure that it has a drainage hole to avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease and death of the plant.
Use a shallow pot as it has a small root system and be careful not to bury the stems to prevent rotting.
Pruning String of Nickels Plant involves removal of any dead leaves and stems to keep the plant neat and tidy as well as minimize pest and disease infestations. Trim the stems at the beginning of the growing season if they become straggly to rejuvenate growth.
String of Nickels Plant (Dischidia nummularia) can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from stem cuttings.
Take 3-5 in. stem cuttings from a healthy String of Nickels Plant. Ensure each cutting has 2-3 leaf nodes.
Allow the cuttings to dry (callus) for about 7 days to avoid rotting.
Press the cut end into moist, free-draining soil or lay the string on top of the soil and lightly press the leaf nodes into the soil.
Ensure the rooting container has adequate drainage holes to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until the cuttings are rooted.
Allow substancial growth before transplanting the new Button Orchid after which you can begin routine care.
String of Nickels Plant (Dischidia nummularia) problems include plant death, dropping leaves, leaf spots, shrivelled leaves, yellow leaves, rotting, leggy growth, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.
Dischidia nummularia may be dying due to several reasons. One reason is root-rot disease which is brought about by soggy soil.
Make sure that the pot has a drainage hole and that the soil is free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy.
In addition, reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time, therefore, the plant does not use as much water as when it is actively growing.
String of Nickels Plant dropping (falling) leaves can be due to many and varied reasons. One cause of leaf drop is watering with very cold water.
Water the plant with water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plant.
The second cause of dropping (falling) leaves in Button Orchid is underwatering.
Water the plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil moderately moist.
Lessen watering in the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.
String of Nickels Plant (Dischidia nummularia) leaves may turn yellow due to overwatering, little light, undefeeding, pests and poor quality soil among others.
Brown dry leaf spots in String of Nickels Plant are due to underwatering which results in too little moisture in the soil.
Water the Button Orchid thoroughly during the growing season while allowing the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.
Cut down on watering in the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
Shrivelled (wilted and discolored) leaves in String of Nickels Plant are due to overwatering during the cold period.
Water the plant much less during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.
Always confirm that the pot has a drainage hole and that the soil is free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy.
Rotting plant base and stems collapse in String of Nickels Plant is an indication of basal stem rot disease which is brought about by overwet conditions coupled with poor air circulation.
Use the upper stem to propagate new plants and discard the infected parts.
Decrease watering significantly during the cold season and also ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
Improve ventilation to ensure that there is good air circulation for the plant.
Elongated stems in String of Nickels plant during the cold season is due to too much water. Water less in the cold season and maintain the soil barely moist as growth is reduced.
If elongated stems happen during the growing season, then the cause is too little light.
String of Nickels Plant requires bright light with some direct morning sunlight. Too little light will cause the plant to grow weak, elongated stems in an attempt to reach the light source.
Position the Button Orchid in a brighter spot where it will receive bright light with some direct morning sunlight or use a grow light if the natural lighting is not adequate.
Apart from root-rot, String of Nickels Plant is prone to powdery mildew and leaf spot disease. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it with a fungicidal solution as per the manufacturer's instructions.
Common pests in String of Nickels Plant are spider mites, scale insects, aphids and mealy bugs Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants with appropriate products like neem oil or insecticidal soap among others.
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