How to grow and care for Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) Indoors

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Jade Plant Care, Crassula ovata Care, Crassula argentea Care

Photo Credit: Amazon.in

Botanical name: Crassula ovata
Synonym: Crassula argentea
Family: Crassulaceae
Subfamily: Crassuloideae

Jade Plant Description

Jade Plant is a popular succulent houseplant that can withstand a great deal of neglect and mismanagement and is easy to grow even for a beginner.

Jade Plant can survive a considerable period of time without water due to the fleshy leaves and stems which store water and allow the plant to go for a considerably long period without being watered.

Jade Plant grows as an evergreen herbaceous plant with thick branches and the leaves are thick, shiny and smooth, and grow in opposite pairs along the branch.

The leaves in Jade Plant are usually yellowish-green but may develop a red edges in some varieties when exposed to very bright light.

If grown under intense hot sun, the green leaf color will be lost and replaced by yellow color.

The yellow color is due to the plant making pigments such as carotenoids to protect itself from harsh sunlight and ultraviolet rays.

Jade Plant Air Purifying

The Jade Plant also produces high levels of oxygen at night. Jade plant is a CAM (Crassulacean Acid Metabolism) plant.

CAM plants are plants that harvest Carbon dioxide at night and use it during the day to make their food.

As they make their food, CAM plant store the oxygen they produce in the process and release it at night.

This is an adaptation of CAM plants to their drought-prone climate which enables then to survive the harsh climate.

Jade Plant Size

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) grows upright and rounded, and can reach a height of 8 ft.

Numerous varieties of Jade Plant have been developed like Hummel's Sunset among others.

Jade Plant Buy

Buy these Jade Plants online at Amazon.com

Jade Plant Origin

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) is native to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa and Mozambique.

Jade Plant Care, Crassula ovata Care, Crassula argentea Care

Photo Credit: Amazon.in

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) Care Indoors

Jade Plant Light Requirements

Jade Plant grows best in bright light with some direct sunlight. Check ou this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Jade Plant

Water Jade Plant moderately during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering for your Jade Plant during the cold period to maintain the soil barely moist. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure the pot for your Jade Plant has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.


Temperature for Jade Plant

Average warmth between 15-260C during the growing season is ideal for Jade Plant. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Jade Plant

Average room humidity is ideal for Jade Plant. Jade Plant has no need for high humidity.

Regularly clean the leaves of your Jade Plant by damp-wiping with a soft cloth. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

Ensure that there is good air circulation for your Jade Plant to prevent fungal diseases infestation.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Jade Plant

Feed Jade Plant monthly during the growing season with a succulents fertilizer./p>

Withhold feeding for your Jade Plant during the dormancy stage (cold season) as growth is minimal at this time and feeding at this time can cause fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Jade Plant

Repot Jade Plant at the beginning of the growing season only when it becomes crowded in its current pot.

Use a pot that is only one size larger than the current one for your Jade Plant.

Ensure that the pot for your Jade Plant has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.

The best soil for your Jade Plant should be loose and free-draining to avoid waterlogging which can lead to Root-rot Disease.

How to Prune Jade Plant

Pruning Jade Plant involves removal of any dead or diseased leaves.

Cut back the bare Jade Plant stems at the beginning of the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) Propagation

Jade Plant can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from offsets, leaf cuttings or stem cuttings.

How to propagate Jade Plant from offsets

Carefully seperate the offset from the mother Jade Plant by cutting with a sharp knife while ensuring that the offset has adequate roots.

Pot the Jade Plant offset in its individual pot and place in a well-lit shaded place.

Maintain the soil moist through out until the new Jade Plant is well established after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Jade Plant from leaf cuttings

Take Jade Plant leaf cuttings complete with the petiole.

Allow the Jade Plant leaf cutting to dry out (callus) for a few days to prevent rotting.

Insert the petiole in moist free-draining soil while ensuring that the leaf leaf surface comes into contact with the soil.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until there is new growth from the base of the Jade Plant leaf cuttings.

Allow substancial growth before transplanting the new Jade Plants after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Jade Plant from stem cuttings

Take 3-5 in. of Jade Plant stem cuttings and allow the cutting to dry out (callous) for a few days.

Insert the lower cut end of the Jade Plant stem cuttings in moist free-draining soil.

Place the set up in a well-lit, warm place and maintain the soil moist until the Jade Plant stem cuttings are rooted. Rooting may take about 4 weeks.

Allow substancial growth before transplanting the new Jade Plants after which routine care can begin.

Jade Plant Care, Crassula ovata Care, Crassula argentea Care

Photo Credit: Amazon.in

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) Problems Indoors

Jade Plant sudden leaf loss

Watering Jade Plant with very cold water is one cause of sudden leaf loss.

Use water that is at room temperature to water your Jade Plant to avoid shocking this tropical plant.

The second cause of sudden leaf loss in your Jade Plant is underwatering.

Water your Jade Plant moderately and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

Jade Plant elongated stems and misshappen

Too much water during the cold season or too little light during growing season are the causes of elongated stems and misshappen in Jade Plant.

Reduce watering for your Jade Plant during the cold season and ensure the plant receives bright light during the growing season to prevent it from growing towards the light source.

Jade Plant brown dry spots

Brown dry spots in Jade Plant are due to underwatering during the hot (growing) season.

Water your Jade Plant thoroughly during the hot (growing) period as soon as the soil begins to dry out.

Jade Plant leaves wilted and discolored

Overwatering during the cold period is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in Jade Plant.

Reduce watering for your Jade Plant during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist.

Jade Plant brown soft leaf spots

Brown soft spots in Jade Plant are caused by Leaf spot disease which is enhanced by poor air circulation and wetting of the leaves during watering.

Ensure there is free air circulation for your Jade Plant at all times and water from the bottom to avoid wetting the leaves. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Jade Plant Diseases

The common plant diseases in Jade Plant are Powdery Mildew, Leaf Spot and Black Leg.

Isolate the affected plant to reduce spread to other houseplants and treat it approprately for the diseases.

Jade Plant Pests

The common plant pests in Jade Plant are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Isolate the affected plant to reduce spread to other houseplants and treat it approprately for the pests.

Is Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) toxic?

Jade Plant (Crassula ovata) aka (Crassula argentea) is toxic to both humans and pets.

If Jade Plant is ingested it can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

Keep your Jade Plant from the reach of children and pets.

Other related Crassula Species for Growing Indoors

  1. Crassula perforata (String of Buttons Plant)
  2. Crassula coccinea (Sunglow Plant or Red Crassula)

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