Botanical name: Peperomia polybotrya
Common names: Coin-leaf Peperomia, Raindrop Peperomia, Coin Plant
Coin-leaf Peperomia (Peperomia polybotrya) also called Raindrop Peperomia or Coin Plant is a succulent, compact plant which bears glossy, dark-green, heart-shaped leaves with pale green undersides.
The Coin-leaf Peperomia stems are short and sturdy and it grows to a height of about 1 foot. The flowers in Coin-leaf Peperomia are rat-tail like and they offer a pleasant smell.
Coin-leaf Peperomia resembles Chinese Money Plant though the plants are quite different in the shape of the leaves.
Coin-leaf Peperomia (Peperomia polybotrya) is native to South America’s tropical regions, which include parts of Peru and Colombia.
Photo Credit: Pinterest
Coin-leaf Peperomia (Peperomia polybotrya) grows best in bright light to semi-shade (partial shade). It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.
Too little light will result in leggy plants and loss of leaf color while direct sunshine can lead to scorching of the leaves. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Coin-leaf Peperomia liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to slightly dry out between waterings.
Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.
Average warmth between 15-260C is ideal for Coin-leaf Peperomia. Protect the plant from cold draughts as they can cause leaf drop. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Coin-leaf Peperomia thrives in a high humidity environment. Set pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier to raise humidity for your Coin-leaf Peperomia. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.
Feed Coin-leaf Peperomia with a balanced, liquid fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.
Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot Coin-leaf Peperomia Plant during the growing season only when the plant has become pot-bound.
Use a pot one size larger and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.
The best soil for Coin-leaf Peperomia should be rich in organic matter, loose and free-draining to avoid getting soggy soil. The soil should be loose enough to allow water to drain out fast enough.
Coin-leaf Peperomia is prone to root-rot if the soil gets soggy (retains too much water), therefore, Cactus and Succulents Soil is ideal for Coin-leaf Peperomia as it drains easily.
Pruning Coin-leaf Peperomia involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain the plant neat and tidy.
To encourage a bushy, compact growth for your Coin-leaf Peperomia, regularly pinch off the growing tips.
As the plant ages, it becomes straggly therefore, cut back the stems during the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Read more on how to prune houseplants.
Coin-leaf Peperomia propagation can be done in 2 ways; from leaf cuttings or by plant division.
Coin-leaf Peperomia leaf cuttings root easily, therefore there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take leaf cuttings from a healthy Coin-leaf Peperomia and ensure each leaf cutting has a petiole.
Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of your Coin-leaf Peperomia leaf cuttings to prevent rotting.
Once callused, place the leaf Coin-leaf Peperomia cuttings in a jar of clean plain water or in a propagation station and change the water every 5-7 days.
Place in warm shaded place until growth begins at the base of the cuttings leaf petiole. Allow enough time for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves.
Transfer the rooted Coin-leaf Peperomia cuttings to individual pots in moist, free-draining soil. For a fuller plant, plant several cuttings in one pot.
Place the pots in a warm, well-lit place. Maintain the soil moist until the new Coin-leaf Peperomia are well established after which you can begin routine care.
Water the Coin-leaf Peperomia thoroughly at least 1 day before to make it easier to divide and also hasten establishment. A well hydrated plant suffers less shock and takes a shorter time to take root.
Take out the Coin-leaf Peperomia from its pot and carefully divide it into sections by pulling apart the roots. Ensure each section has adequate roots to hasten establishment.
Select a 6 or 8 in. pot and ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Fill the pot with free-draining soil and make a hole in the center of the pot. Ensure that the hole is slightly wider than the root base of the Coin-leaf Peperomia section.
Place the Coin-leaf Peperomia section in the previously made hole and lightly firm the soil around the base while taking care not to bury it too deep; maintain the section at the same soil level it was in the previous pot.
Water the soil thoroughly and place the set up in a warm, well-lit place. Maintain the soil moist until the new plant is well established after which you can begin routine care.
Photo Credit: Pinterest
Dropping leaves (leaf fall) in Coin-leaf Peperomia is caused by many and varied reasons like overwatering, insufficient lighting, overfeeding among others.
Here is an outline on 12 reasons why Peperomia is dropping leaves (with solutions).
Brown leaf tips and edges in Coin-leaf Peperomia are due to sudden drop in temperature from cold draughts. Remove all the damaged leaves to keep the plant neat and tidy.
Keep your Coin-leaf Peperomia away from cold draughts like cold window sills, air conditioners, windy doors e.t.c and maintain an average room temperature within the range of 15-260C. A room temperature that is comfortable for you is ideal for these plants..
Coin-leaf Peperomia leaves may wilt and begin to droop due to a number of reasons like underwatering, humidity issues, quality of soil among others.
Check out this post on 14 reasons for Peperomia drooping leaves and how to fix them.
The cause of brown and shrivelled leaves in your Coin-leaf Peperomia is too dry air (low humidity). Coin-leaf Peperomia Plant prefers a humid environment.
Excess soluble salts in the soil from the water or excess feeding will cause dry shrivelled leaves in your Coin-leaf Peperomia.
Regularly flush out the salts from the soil for your Coin-leaf Peperomia by running a stream of water through the soil until it comes out through the drainage holes and repeat the process several times.
Leggy stems in your Coin-leaf Peperomia are due to low light. Coin-leaf Peperomia grows best in bright light to light shade.
Cut back the stems to rejuvenate growth and move your Coin-leaf Peperomia to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light to light shade. It can also grow under a grow light.
Soggy soil for your Coin-leaf Peperomia is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves and corky swellings under the leaves.
This is an indication of root-rot disease. Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the disease.
To prevent the soil from getting soggy, ensure that the pot has a drainage hole and that the soil is loose and free-draining. Cactus and Succulents Soil is ideal for Coin-leaf Peperomia.
Coin-leaf Peperomia (Peperomia polybotrya) like other Peperomia Plants is non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.