Botanical name: Peperomia orba
Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) is a semi-succulent, slow growing, compact plant which grows to a height of about 6 in. and bears delicate, oval-shaped leaves and hence the name teardrops.
The leaves are fleshy and dark-green in color. When the plant matures, a white line appears down the center of the waxy leaves.
The stems are fleshy, red and grow by trailing stems which makes this plant perfect for a hanging basket.
Teardrop Peperomia is easy to grow and care for indoors. It is ideal for a terrarium on account of its size and affinity for high humidity.
Peperomia orba has many types (cultivars) like 'Variegata', 'Pixie', 'Pixie Green', 'Pixie Lime' among others.
Photo Credit: Lil Plants
Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) grows best in bright light to light shade. It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.
Too little light will result in leggy plants and loss of leaf color while direct sunshine can lead to scorching of the leaves. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to slightly dry out between waterings.
Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of the plant.
Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) require average warmth within the range of 15-260C inorder to thrive.
Protect the plant from cold draughts as they can cause leaf drop. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) thrives in a high humidity environment. Set pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier to raise humidity for your Teardrop Peperomia. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.
Feed Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) with a balanced, liquid fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.
Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) during the growing season only when the plant has become pot-bound.
Use a pot one size larger and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of the plant.
The best soil for Peperomia orba should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients. Cactus and Succulents Soil is ideal for Peperomia orba.
Pruning Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain the plant neat and tidy.
As the plant ages, it becomes straggly therefore, cut back the stems during the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Read more on how to prune houseplants.
Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) propagation can be done in 3 ways; from leaf-cuttings, from stem-cuttings or by plant division.
Peperomia orba leaf cuttings root easily, therefore there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take leaf cuttings from a healthy Peperomia orba and ensure each leaf cutting has a petiole.
Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of your Peperomia orba leaf cuttings to prevent rotting.
Once callused, place the leaf cuttings in a jar of clean plain water or in a propagation station and change the water every 5-7 days.
Place the set up in warm, well-lit place until growth begins at the base of the cuttings leaf petiole. Allow enough time for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves.
Transfer the rooted cuttings to individual pots in moist, free-draining soil and place in a warm, shaded place. For a fuller Teardrop Peperomia, plant several plants in one pot.
Maintain the soil moist until the new Teardrop Peperomia Plants are well established after which you can begin routine care.
Peperomia orba stem cuttings root easily, therefore, there is no need for a rooting hormone.
Take stem cuttings of about 4-5 in. length from a healthy Peperomia orba and ensure each cutting has at least 2 sets of leaves.
Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of Peperomia orba stem cuttings to prevent rotting.
Once callused, insert the cuttings in moist, free-draining soil and place the set up in a warm shaded place.
Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges and substantial growth has been observed.
Transfer the rooted stem cuttings to individual pots and begin routine care. For a fuller Teardrop Peperomia, plant several cuttings in one pot.
Water the Peperomia orba thoroughly at least 1 day before to make it easier to divide and also hasten establishment. A well hydrated plant suffers less shock and takes a shorter time to take root.
Take out the Peperomia orba from its pot and divide it into several sections. Ensure each section has adequate roots for faster establishment.
Fill an appropriate pot with free-draining soil and make a hole in the center of the pot. Ensure that the hole is slightly wider than the root base of the Peperomia orba section.
Place the Peperomia orba section in the previously made hole and lightly firm the soil around the base while taking care not to bury it too deep; maintain the section at the same soil level it was in the previous pot.
Water the soil thoroughly and place the set up in a warm, well-lit place. Maintain the soil moist until the new plant is well established after which you can begin routine care.
Photo Credit: Plant Identification
Brown leaf tips and edges in Peperomia orba are due to sudden drop in temperature from cold draughts.
Remove all the damaged leaves. Keep the plant away from cold draughts and maintain average warmth.
There are many causes of dropping leaves in Peperomia orba. One possible cause of dropping leaves in your Teardrop Peperomia is temperature is too low.
Move the plant to a warmer spot away from cold draughts and maintain an average room temperature.
The second possible cause of dropping leaves in Peperomia orba is that the plant has been underwatered causing the foliage to wilt.
Water the plant liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings but reduce watering during the cold season.
Here is an outline on 12 reasons why Peperomia is dropping leaves (with solutions).
Brown and shrivelled leaves in Peperomia orba are caused by too dry air (low humidity). Teardrop Peperomia Plant prefers a humid environment.
Excess soluble salts in the soil from the water or excess feeding will cause dry shrivelled leaves in Peperomia orba.
Regularly flush out the salts from the soil by running a stream of water through the soil until it comes out through the drainage holes and repeat the process several times.
Leggy stems in Peperomia orba are due to low light. Teardrop Peperomia grows best in bright light to light shade.
Cut back the stems to rejuvenate growth and move the plant to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light to light shade. It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.
wilted and discolored leaves and corky swellings under the leaves in Peperomia orba is the caused by soggy soil.
This is an indication of root-rot disease. Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the disease.
Peperomia orba (Teardrop Peperomia) like other Peperomia Plants is non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.