How to Grow and Care for Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) Indoors


Emerald Ripple Peperomia, Peperomia caperata

Botanical name: Peperomia caperata
Family: Piperaceae
Common name: Emerald Ripple Peperomia

Description

Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) is a compact perennial plant that is easy to grow and adapts well to indoor growing conditions which bears small, heart-shaped, deeply ridged leaves.

The leaves are usually green but may have a blush of red and dark-green veins.

Emerald Ripple Peperomia is ideal for dish gardens, bottle gardens, terrarium and other situations where space is limited.

Size

The Emerald Ripple Peperomia is slow growing and grows to a maximum height of 1 ft and the leaves are about 1 in. long.

Flower

The flowers in Emerald Ripple Peperomia are rat-tail flower-heads made up of greeninsh flowers on an upright spike.

Varieties

Many cultivars of Emerald Ripple Peperomia have been developed like Burgundy, Variegata, Emerald Ripple and Rosso among others.

Origin

Peperomia caperata (Emerald Ripple Peperomia) is native to Brazil where it grows on the tropical forest floors.

Where to Buy

The spectacular Emerald Ripple Peperomia is readily available online at Etsy. Buy Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) online from Etsy.

Emerald Ripple Peperomia, Peperomia caperata

Photo Credit: Osera

Peperomia caperata Care Indoors

Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) thrives in warm, humid conditions under medium to bright, indirect light as it grows in its natural habitat.

The best soil for Peperomia caperata should be free-draining and rich in organic matter which mimicks its natural growing conditions. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to achieve them.

Light Requirements

Emerald Ripple Peperomia grows best in medium to bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight. It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.

Too little light can result in leggy plants and loss of leaf color while direct sunshine can lead to scorching of the leaves.

Regularly turn the pot to ensure that the plant receives light on all sides for uniform grwoth.

Watering

Water Emerald Ripple Peperomia liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to slightly dry out between waterings to keep it moderately moist.

Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead in root-rot disease and eventual death of the plant.


Temperature

Emerald Ripple Peperomia requires an average warmth within the range of 15-260C. Temperatures outside this range will affect the growth of the plant negatively. Protect the plant from cold draughts as they can cause leaf drop.

Humidity

Emerald Ripple Peperomia thrives in a high humidity environment. Set pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier to raise humidity. You can also grow Emerald Ripple Peperomia in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained.

Fertilizer (Feeding)

Feed Emerald Ripple Peperomia with a balanced, liquid fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn.

Repotting

Repot Emerald Ripple Peperomia during the growing season only when the plant has become pot-bound. Use a pot one size larger than the current one.

Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Soil

The best soil for Emerald Ripple Peperomia should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients.

Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal for this plant. Purchase quality Potting Mix for Emerald Ripple Peperomia from Etsy.

Pruning

Pruning Emerald Ripple Peperomia involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

To encourage a bushy, compact growth for Emerald Ripple Peperomia, regularly pinch off the growing tips.

As it ages, it becomes straggly therefore, cut back the stems during the growing season to rejuvenate growth.

Propagation

Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) can be propagated from seeds, leaf and stem-tip cuttings or by division.

How to propagate Emerald Ripple Peperomia from seeds

Sow Emerald Ripple Peperomia seeds at the beginning of the growing season in moist, free-draining soil.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until the seeds germinate.

Once germinated, maintain the soil moist until the new plants are well established.

When the seedlings are about 6-8 in. and have 6-10 leaves, transplant into individuals pots after which you can begin routine care.

How to propagate Emerald Ripple Peperomia from leaf cuttings in water

The leaf cuttings root easily, therefore there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take leaf cuttings from a healthy Emerald Ripple Peperomia and ensure each leaf cutting has a petiole.

Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of the leaf cuttings to prevent rotting.

Place the leaf cuttings in a jar of clean plain water and change the water every 5-7 days.

Place the set up in warm, well-lit place until growth begins at the base of the cuttings leaf petiole.

Allow enough time for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves. Thereafter, transfer the rooted leaf cuttings to individual pots in moist, free-draining soil.

Place the set up in a warm, well-lit place. For a fuller plant, transfer several rooted cuttings in one pot.

Maintain the soil moist until the new Emerald Ripple Peperomias are well established after which you can begin routine care.

How to propagate Emerald Ripple Peperomia from stem-tip cuttings

The stem-tip cuttings root easily, therefore, there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take stem cuttings of about 4-5 in. length from a healthy Emerald Ripple Peperomia and ensure each cutting has at least 2 sets of leaves.

Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of the cuttings to prevent rotting.

Once callused, insert the cuttings in moist, free-draining soil and place in warm, well-lit place away from direct sunlight.

Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges. Allow enough time for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves.

Transfer the rooted Emerald Ripple Peperomia stem cuttings to individual pots after which you begin routine care. For a fuller plant, transfer several rooted cuttings in one pot.

How to propagate Emerald Ripple Peperomia by plant division

Water the Emerald Ripple Peperomia thoroughly at least one day before to make it easier to divide and also hasten establishment. A well hydrated plant suffers less shock and takes a shorter time to take root.

Take the plant out of its pot and divide it into several sectionsby pulling apart the roots. Ensure each section has adequate roots to hasten establishment.

Pot these sections in individual pots in moist, free-draining soil and place in warm, well-lit place.

Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges on the sections. Allow the new Emerald Ripple Peperomias to be well established before transplanting after which you begin routine care.

Emerald Ripple Peperomia, Peperomia caperata

Photo Credit: Plants Guru

Peperomia caperata Problems Indoors

Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) problems indoors include drooping leaves, dropping leaves, brown leaf tips and edges, shrivelled (curled) leaves, root-rot, pests among others. Keep on reading for more on these problems, their remedies and solutions.

Drooping leaves

Emerald Ripple Peperomia drooping leaves are caused by many and varied reasons. Below are some reasons for drooping leaves.

One possible reason for drooping leaves in Emerald Ripple Peperomia is exposure to direct sunlight.

Thoroughly water the plant immediately and it should recover. Move it to a more shadier spot or instal a light curtain to filter direct sunlight from reaching the Peperomia leaves.

The second possible reason for drooping leaves in Emerald Ripple Peperomia is overwatering which results in soggy soil.

To avoid getting soggy soil, ensure that the pot has a drainage hole and that the soil is loose and free-draining.

Also, reduce watering the plant during the cold season to maintain the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time.

The third possible reason for drooping leaves in Emerald Ripple Peperomia is underwatering which implies that there is too little moisture in the soil.

As such, there is no water in the soil for the plant to take up to the leaves and other parts.

Immediately water the plant thoroughly and it should perk up. Thereafter, water the Peperomia plant liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

Emerald Ripple Peperomia leaves may droop for other varied reasons. Read more on 14 reasons for Peperomia drooping leaves.

Dropping leaves

Emerald Ripple Peperomia dropping leaves (leaves falling) is due to many and varied reasons. One possible reason is too low temperature.

Move the plant to a warmer spot away from cold draughts and maintain an average room temperature.

The second possible reason for Emerald Ripple Peperomia dropping leaves (leaves falling) is that the plant has been underwatered causing the foliage to wilt and drop.

Water the plant liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings but reduce watering during the cold season.

Read more on 12 reasons why Peperomia is dropping leaves (leaves falling).

Brown leaf tips and edges

Brown leaf tips and edges in Emerald Ripple Peperomia are caused by two possible reasons. Remove the damaged leaves to keep the plant neat and tidy.

One possible reason for Emerald Ripple Peperomia brown leaf tips and edges is sudden changes in temperature due to draughts (drafts).

Keep the plant away from draughts like drafty windos, windy doors, hot vents, air conditioners and others.

Maintain warm temperatures for the plant within the range of 18-250C.

The second possible reason for Emerald Ripple Peperomia brown leaf tips and edges is too low humidity.

To raise humidity, set pot on a wet pebble tray. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The plant can also be grown in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained in a terrarium.

Brown, shrivelled leaves

The cause of brown and shrivelled leaves in Emerald Ripple Peperomia is too dry air as it prefers a humid environment.

Set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier to raise humidity for the plant.

You can also grow Emerald Ripple Peperomia in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained.

Dry and shrivelled leaves

Excess soluble salts in the soil from the water or excess feeding will cause dry shrivelled leaves in Emerald Ripple Peperomia.

Regularly flush out the salts from the soil by running a stream of water through the soil until it comes out through the drainage holes and repeat the process several times.

Leggy stems

Leggy stems in Emerald Ripple Peperomia are due to low light. Cut back the stems to rejuvenate growth.

Move the plant to a brighter spot where it will receive medium to bright, indirect light or instal a grow light if you do have adeqaute lighting in your home.

Wilted, discolored leaves with corky swellings under the leaves

Soggy soil is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves and corky swellings under the leaves in Emerald Ripple Peperomia.

This is an indication of root-rot disease. Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the disease. Read on how to treat root-rot disease in houseplants.

Diseases

The other common disease in Emerald Ripple Peperomia is leaf spot disease. Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the disease.

Pests

Common pests in Emerald Ripple Peperomia are spider mites, whiteflies, scale insects and mealy bugs. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests. Read more on how to identify and control houseplants pests.

Is Emerald Ripple Peperomia toxic?

Emerald Ripple Peperomia (Peperomia caperata) like other Peperomia Plants is non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.

You liked it? Share on social media.

On the Blog

You liked it? Share on social media.