How to grow and care for Monstera dubia Indoors

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Monstera dubia

Botanical name: Monstera dubia
Family: Araceae

Monstera dubia Description

Monstera dubia is an evergreen vine which exhibits three different forms in its life stages. The plant leaves grow flat on the support structure which gives the plant the name "Shingle Plant".

In the juvenile stage, the broad oval-shaped leaves of Monstera dubia have a green base and silvery-grey variegation between dark-green veins.

As the Monstera dubia ages, these leaves develop small holes until maturity. Eventually Monstera dubia produces large, green, fenestrated mature leaves similar to those of Monstera deliciosa.

When Monstera dubia starts climbling, the plant grows too flat on the tree bark. Eventually, the mature leaves in Monstera dubia begin to hang from the hard stems of the plant.

Maintaining Monstera dubia short by regular pruning will keep it in the shingled growth stage.

Monstera dubia is often mistaken for Rhaphidophora cryptantha but in the later, the leaves are dark-green with silver-greyish veins through out its life stages.

Monstera dubia Origin

Monstera dubia is native to the tropical rainforests of Central and South America.

In its natural habitat, after germination, Monstera dubia grows by creeping on the ground until it finds a supporting tree.

Buy beautiful and healthy Monstera dubia from Etsy.

Monstera dubia

Photo Credit: Plant Circle

Monstera dubia Care Indoors

Monstera dubia Light Requirements

Monstera dubia grows best in bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight as it can cause sunscorch on the leaves.

Position your Monstera dubia next to a sunless window or near a bright window. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Monstera dubia

Water Monstera dubia liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to avoid getting soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease which can result in the eventual death of the plant.


Temperature for Monstera dubia

The best temperature for growing Monstera dubia indoors is an average warmth with a minimum of 150C.

Protect your Monstera dubia from cold draughts to avoid a sudden drop in temperature. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Monstera dubia

Average room humidity is ideal for Monstera dubia. Where the air is too dry, set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Occasionally clean the leaves by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and also discourage pest infestation. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Monstera dubia

Feed Monstera dubia with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Monstera dubia

Repot Monstera dubia during the growing season when it becomes root-bound; when the roots grow through the drainage hole.

Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole for your Monstera dubia to avoid getting soggy soil.

The best soil for Monstera dubia should be free-draining and rich in organic matter.

Ensure the pot for your Monstera dubia has a drainage hole(s) to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

How to Prune Monstera dubia

Pruning Monstera dubia is easy. Remove yellow and dead leaves to maintain your plant neat and tidy.

To keep your Monstera dubia in its singled growth, cutback the vines regularly. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

How to Propagate Monstera dubia

Monstera dubia propagation can be done at the beginning of the growing period by use of stem cuttings or by air layering. The stem cuttings can be rooted in water or in soil.

Propagating Monstera dubia from stem cuttings in soil

Take a stem cutting from a healthy Monstera dubia by cutting at a point just below an aerial root. Just one leaf node with the leaf is enough to propagate a new Monstera dubia plant.

Insert the Monstera dubia cutting in moist free-draining soil. Ensure the rooting container has proper drainage to avoid getting soggy soil.

Place the set up in a well-lit, shaded place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges.

Allow the new Monstera dubia to be well established before transplanting after which routine can begin.

How to propagate Monstera dubia from stem cuttings in water

Take a stem cutting from a healthy Monstera dubia by cutting at a point just below an aerial root. Just one leaf node with the leaf is enough to propagate a new Monstera dubia plant.

Place the cutting in a jar containing plain water while ensuring that at least one leaf node is under water.

Place the set up in a well-lit spot and change the water every 7-10 days.

Once adequate roots have developed, plant the Monstera dubia cutting in soil and place in a well-lit shaded place.

Allow the new Monstera dubia to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Monstera dubia by air layering

There are two methods of air layering Monstera dubia.

One method of air layering consists of notching the stem of a healthy Monstera dubia and coating the notch with a rooting hormone.

Surround the notched area with damp moss and then cover it with a polythene film or clear plastic wrap.

After the roots have formed sever the stem just below the covered part.

Remove the polythene and carefully pot the rooted cutting in moist free-draining soil.

Place in a shaded well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until the new Monstera dubia is well established after which routine care can begin.

The second method of air layering involves coating the stem at a node with a rooting hormone.

Surround the node with damp moss and then cover it with a polythene film or clear plastic wrap.

After the roots have formed sever the stem just below the covered part.

Remove the polythene and carefully pot the rooted cutting in moist free-draining soil.

Place in a shaded well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until the new Monstera dubia is well established after which routine care can begin.

Monstera dubia

Photo Credit: Nightshade

Monstera dubia Problems Indoors

Monstera dubia yellowing leaves

There are four possible causes of yellowing leaves in Monstera dubia. One possible cause of yellowing leaves in Monstera dubia is overwatering if many leaves are affected and there are signs of wilting and rotting.

Water your Monstera dubia liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

The second possible cause of yellowing leaves in Monstera dubia is underfeeding if there is no wilting and rotting.

Feed your Monstera dubia with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

The third cause of yellowing leaves in Monstera dubia is underwatering if only lower leaves are affected and have dark spots and new leaves are dark and small.

Water your Monstera dubia liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

The fourth possible cause of yellowing leaves in Monstera dubia is exposure to direct sunlight if leaves are pale colored and have straw-colored patches.

Protect your Monstera dubia from direct sunshine or move it to a shadier spot to avoid sunscorching.

Monstera dubia losing leaves

As the lower leaves of Monstera dubia age, they fall but if there is an abnormal loss of leaves the reason is sudden change of growing conditions.

Avoid sudden changes in the growing conditions for your Monstera dubia. Gradually acclimatize it to the new growing conditions before moving it to a new position.

If the Monstera dubia leaves turn brown and dry before they fall then high temperature is the cause.

Ensure your Monstera dubia is receiving an average warmth with a minimum of 150C.

Monstera dubia rotting stems

The reason for rotting stems in Monstera dubia is an indication of fungal stem-rot disease which is promoted by high moisture and too little warmth.

You can save Monstera dubia by repotting and keeping the soil dry and warm for a period of time.

Monstera dubia brown papery leaf tips and edges

One reason for brown papery leaf tips and edges in Monstera dubia is dry air.

Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Monstera dubia. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second possible cause of leaves with brown papery tips and edges in Monstera dubia is that the plant may be pot-bound.

Repot your Monstera dubia into a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from becoming soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Monstera dubia leggy growth and small pale leaves

Too little light is the cause of leggy growth with small pale leaves as Monstera dubia will not thrive in deep shade.

Move your Monstera dubia to a more brighter spot where it is receiving bright light but away from direct sunshine.

Monstera dubia weeping at the leaf edges

Monstera dubia weeping at the leaf edges is due to too wet soil. Reduce watering and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Also, ensure the pot for your Monstera dubia has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

Monstera dubia diseases

Monstera dubia is prone to leaf spot.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat the disease appropriately.

Monstera dubia pests

The common pests in Monstera dubia are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects, Aphids, and Spider Mites. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat the pests appropriately.

Is Monstera dubia toxic?

Monstera dubia is mildly toxic to humans and toxic to pets.

If Monstera dubia is ingested it can cause pain and swelling in the mouth, tongue and lips, vomiting, excessive drooling and difficulty in swallowing.

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