Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) Care Indoors, Propagation and Problems


Five Holes Plant, Monstera standleyana

Botanical name: Monstera standleyana
Family: Araceae
Common name: Five Holes Plant

Description

Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) bears upright, oval, dark-green leaves which are striped with white and silvery speckles. Each leaf has a unique pattern which makes this decorative plant spectacular.

When Monstera standleyana is grown as a climber on a moss pole or a trellis, it can grow to a height of 12-15 ft.

Five Holes Plant can also be grown in a hanging basket. The stems have a wide, butterfly-like shape.

Origin

Monstera standleyana is native to the tropical rainforests of Central America in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and Panama.

Varieties

Three variants of the Monstera standleyana are available. The first one is Monstera standleyana Variegated White which has white speckles on the foliage and stem.

The second one is Monstera standleyana Albo-Variegata which has portions of the plant in white discoloration.

The third one is Monstera standleyana Variegated Yellow which has yellowish-cream portions, speckles and stripes on the leaves.

Monstera standleyana is sometimes incorrectly labelled as Philodendron standleyana or Philodendron Cobra due to its close resemblance to Philodendrons.

Toxicity

Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) is mildly toxic to humans and toxic to pets. If ingested it can cause pain and swelling in the mouth, tongue and lips, vomiting, excessive drooling and difficulty in swallowing.

Where to Buy

Beautiful Monstera standleyana are available on Etsy. Buy Monstera standleyana online from Etsy.

Five Holes Plant, Monstera standleyana

Monstera standleyana Care Indoors

Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) thrives in bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight, warm and humid conditions and moderately moist, fertile, well-drained soil coupled with monthly feeding during the growing period.

Monstera standleyana requires regular pruning to keep it neat, rejuvenate growth as well as discourage pest and disease infestation.

Repotting Five Holes Plant is only needed when the plant becomes pot-bound. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to achieve them.

Light Requirements

Five Holes Plant grows best in bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight as it can cause sunscorch on the leaves.

Position the plant next to a sunless window or near a bright window to maintain the variegation.

Turn the pot regularly to ensure that the Monstera standleyana receives light on all sides for even growth.

It can also grow under a grow light where natural lighting is insufficient.

Watering

Water Five Holes Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil moderately moist.

Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease which can result in the eventual death of the plant.

Temperature

The best temperature for growing Five Holes Plant indoors is an average warmth with a minimum of 150C. Keep it away from cold draughts as they can lead to leaf drop.

Humidity

Average room humidity is ideal for Five Holes Plant. When the air is too dry, set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Occasionally clean the leaves by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and also discourage pest and disease infestation.

Soil

Monstera standleyana soil should be rich in organic matter and well-drained to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients like this Monstera Potting Medium available at Etsy.

Fertilizer (Feeding)

Feed Five Holes Plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn.

Repotting

Repot Five Holes Plant annually during the growing season when it becomes root-bound that is when the roots grow through the drainage hole.

Use a pot 1 size larger than the current one. Make sure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from becoming soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Pruning

Pruning Five Holes Plant is easy. Remove yellow and dead leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy. When it becomes too large and unruly cut back the stems to the desired level to rejuvenate growth. The stems can be used to propagate new plants.

Propagation

Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) propagation can be done at the beginning of the growing period by use of stem cuttings. The stem cuttings can be rooted in 2 ways; either in soil or in water.

How to root Five Holes Plant stem cuttings in soil

Take a stem cutting about 4-6 in. long from a healthy Five Holes Plant by cutting at a point just below an aerial root.

Ensure the cutting has at least 2 nodes and some aerial roots.

Strip the lower leaves and insert at least 3 in. of the cutting in moist free-draining soil.

Place the set up in a shaded, well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges.

Allow the new Monstera standleyana to be well established before transplanting to individual pots.

How to root Five Holes Plant stem cuttings in water

Take a stem cutting about 4-6 in. long from a healthy Five Holes Plant by cutting at a point just below an aerial root. Ensure the cutting has at least 2 nodes and some aerial roots.

Strip the lower leaves and place at least 3 in. of the cutting in a jar of plain water.

Position the set up in a well-lit spot and change the water every 5-7 days.

Once adequate roots have developed, plant the cutting in soil.

Place the set up in a well-lit, warm place and maintain the soil moist through out.

Allow the new Monstera standleyana to be well established before transplanting to individual pots.

Five Holes Plant, Monstera standleyana

Monstera standleyana Problems

Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) problems are lack of perforation, leaf drop, yellow leaves, leggy growth, brown leaf tips, rotting, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems, their remedies and solutions.

No perforation

The young leaves of Five Holes Plant may not be perforated but in mature leaves there are four possible causes of lack of perforation.

One possible cause of lack of perforation in Five Holes Plant is inadequate light.

Move the Monstera standleyana to a brighter spot and ensure it is receiving bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight or grow it under a grow light if the natural lighting is insufficient.

The second possible cause of lack of perforation in Five Holes Plant is cold air due to cold draughts like windy doors and windows.

Keep the plant away from cold draughts and ensure it is receiving an average warmth with a minimum of 150C.

The third possible cause of lack of perforation in Five Holes Plant is underwatering.

Water Monstera standleyana liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil moderately moist.

Decrease watering in the cold period and maintain the soil lisghtly moist but do not let the soil ball dry out completely.

The fourth possible cause of lack of perforation in Five Holes Plant is underfeeding.

Feed the plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

In tall plants, the possible cause of lack of perforation is likely to be failure of water reaching the uppermost leaves.

Ensure the aerial roots are pushed into the compost or allowed to grow into a moist support inorder to supply water and nutrients to the upper leaves.

Yellowing leaves

There are four possible causes of yellowing leaves in Five Holes Plant. One cause of yellow leaves is overwatering if many leaves are affected and there are signs of wilting and rotting.

Water the Five Holes Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Cut down on watering in the cold season as growth is reduced at this time, therefore, the plant needs very little water.

In addition, make sure that the pot has a drainage hole and that the soil is free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy.

The second cause of Monstera standleyana yellowing leaves is underfeeding if there is no wilting and rotting.

Feed the plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

The third cause of Five Holes Plant yellowing leaves is underwatering if only lower leaves are affected and have dark spots and new leaves are dark and small.

Water the plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings but let the soil ball dry out completely.

The fourth cause of yellowing leaves in Monstera standleyana is exposure to direct sunlight if leaves are pale colored and have straw-colored patches the cause is too much sunlight. Shield the plant from direct sunshine.

Leaf drop

As the lower leaves of Five Holes Plant age, they fall but if there is an abnormal loss of leaves the reason is sudden change of growing conditions.

Avoid sudden changes in the growing conditions for Monstera standleyana. Gradually acclimatize it to the new growing conditions before moving it to a new position.

If the Five Holes Plant leaves turn brown and dry before they fall then high temperature is the cause.

Ensure that the plant is receiving an average warmth with a minimum of 150C.

Brown papery leaf tips and edges

One possible cause of brown papery leaf tips and edges in Five Holes Plant is dry air.

To elevate humidity, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier.

The second possible cause of brown papery leaf tips and edges in Five Holes Plant is that the plant may be pot-bound.

Repot the Monstera standleyana into a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from becoming soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Rotting stems

Rotting stems in Five Holes Plant is an indication of fungal stem-rot disease which is promoted by high moisture and too little warmth. You can save the plant by repotting and keeping the soil dry and warm for a period of time.

Leggy growth and small pale leaves

Too little light is the cause of leggy growth with small pale leaves in Five Holes Plant as it will not thrive in deep shade.

Move the plant to a more brighter spot where it is receiving bright light but away from direct sunshine or instal a grow light if natural lighting is insufficient.

Leaves weeping at the edges

If the soil is too wet, Five Holes Plant will respond with leaves weeping at the edges. Allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings and reduce frequency of watering.

Diseases

Five Holes Plant is prone to leaf spot disease which is promoted by overwet conditions coupled with poor air circulation.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat the disease appropriately with a fungicidal solution. Ensure that there is good air circulation for the plant.

Pests

Common pests in Five Holes Plant are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects, Aphids, and Spider Mites. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other plants and treat with Neem oil or Insecticidal soap.

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