Botanical name: Monstera standleyana
Five Holes Plant bears upright, oval, dark-green leaves which are striped with white and silvery speckles. Each leaf has a unique pattern which makes this decorative plant spectacular. The stem has a wide, butterfly-like shape. The plant grows as a climber and can grow to a height of 12-15 ft. It can also be grown in a hanging basket. Five Holes Plant is native to the tropical rainforests of Central America in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and Panama. Three variants of the plant are available; Monstera standleyana Variegated White which has white speckles on the foliage and stem, Monstera standleyana albo Variegata which has portions of the plant in white discoloration and Monstera standleyana Variegated Yellow which has yellowish-cream portions, speckles and stripes on the leaves. Monstera standleyana is sometimes incorrectly labelled as Philodendron standleyana or Philodendron Cobra due to its close resemblance to Philodendrons.
Five Holes Plant prefers bright indirect light away from direct sunlight as it can cause sunscorch on the leaves. Place it next to a sunless window or near a bright window to maintain the variegation. Learn how to ensure your plant receives the correct light in this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Five Holes Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist. Avoid waterlogging as it can lead to Root-rot Disease which can result in the eventual death of the plant. Learn more on how to water houseplants.
Average warmth with a minimum of 150C is ideal for Five Holes Plant. Protect the plant from cold draughts. Learn more on temperature for houseplants.
Average room humidity is ideal for Five Holes Plant. When the air is too dry, employ these techniques to raise humidity for the vine. Occasionally clean the leaves by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and also discourage pest infestation.
Feed Five Holes Plant with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Learn more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot Five Holes Plant annually during the growing season when it becomes root-bound; roots grow through the drainage hole. Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole. The soil should be free-draining and rich in organic matter. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole(s) to prevent waterlogging which can lead to root-rot.
Pruning Five Holes Plant is easy. Remove yellow and dead leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy. When the plant becomes too large and unruly cut back the stems to the desired level to rejuvenate growth. The stems can be used to propagate new plants. Learn more on how to prune houseplants.
Five Holes Plant can be propagated at the beginning of the growing period by use of stem cuttings.
Propagating Five Holes Plant from stem cuttings in soil
Take a stem cutting about 8 in. long from a healthy Five Holes Plant by cutting at a point just below an aerial root. Ensure the cutting has at least 2 nodes and some aerial roots. Strip the lower leaves and insert at least 3 in. of the cutting in moist free-draining soil. Place in a shaded well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges. Allow the new Five Holes Plant to be well established before transplanting.
Propagating Five Holes Plant from stem cuttings in water
Take a stem cutting about 8 in. long from a healthy Five Holes Plant by cutting at a point just below an aerial root. Ensure the cutting has at least 2 nodes and some aerial roots. Strip the lower leaves and place at least 3 in. of the cutting in a jar of plain water. Place the set up in a well-lit spot and change the water every 7-10 days. Once adequate roots have developed, plant the cutting in soil, place in a shaded well-lit place and maintain the soil moist through out. Allow the new Five Holes Plant to be well established before transplanting.
Young leaves may not be perforated but in mature leaves the causes are inadequate light, cold air, underwatering and underfeeding. In tall plants, the reason is likely to be failure of water reaching the uppermost leaves; ensure aerial roots are pushed into the compost or allowed to grow into a moist support inorder to supply water and nutrients to the upper leaves.
Overwatering Five Holes Plant is the reason if many leaves are affected and there are signs of wilting and rotting but if there is no wilting and rotting, underfeeding is the cause. If only lower leaves are affected and have dark spots and new leaves are dark and small; underwatering is the reason. If leaves are pale colored and have straw-colored patches the problem is too much sunlight.
As the lower leaves of Five Holes Plant age they fall but if there is an abnormal loss of leaves the reason is sudden change of growing conditions. If the leaves turn brown and dry before they fall then high temperature is the cause.
The reason for rotting stems in Five Holes Plant is the fungal Stem-rot Disease which is promoted by high moisture and too little warmth. You can save the plant by repotting and keeping the soil dry and warm.
The reason for leaves with brown papery tips and edges in Five Holes Plant is dry air; employ these techniques to raise humidity or the plant may be pot-bound; repot in a larger-sized pot.
Too little light is the cause as Five Holes Plant will not thrive in deep shade; move the plant to a more brighter spot.
If the soil is too wet, Five Holes Plant will respond with leaves weeping at the edges. Allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings and reduce frequency of watering.
The most common disease in Five Holes Plant is Leaf Spot.
Five Holes Plant (Monstera standleyana) is mildly toxic to humans and toxic to pets. If ingested it can cause pain and swelling in the mouth, tongue and lips, vomiting, excessive drooling and difficulty in swallowing.