How to grow and care for Swiss Cheese Plant Indoors

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Swiss cheese Plant Care, Monstera deliciosa Care

Botanical name: Monstera deliciosa
Family: Araceae
Common names: Swiss Cheese Plant, Split Leaf Philodendron, Monster Fruit, Mexican Breadfruit, Windowleaf Plant

Swiss Cheese Plant Description

Monstera deliciosa commonly called Swiss Cheese Plant is a popular houseplant whose large deeply perforated leaves are a sight to behold and is easy to grow even for a beginner.

The leaves on a young Monstera deliciosa are smaller and entire with no lobes or holes but soon produce lobed and fenestrate leaves as they grow.

Monstera deliciosa is a suitable stand alone plant for occupying large empty spaces. To produce an upright Monstera deliciosa, use a moss stick to support it and also take care of the aerial roots.

The name 'deliciosa' means 'delicious' referring to the edible fruit. 'Monstera' means 'monstrous' referring to the size that this plant can grow to, over 30 ft (9 m) in the wild.

The common name 'Swiss Cheese Plant' refers to the holes which develop in the leaves similar to those found in some Swiss cheeses.

Other common names for Monstera are fruit salad plant and fruit salad tree in reference to its edible fruit which tastes like fruit salad. Monster fruit, Mexican bread fruit, windowleaf among other names.

Swiss Cheese Plant Size

Swiss Cheese Plant is a vigorously growing plant and can grow to a height of 20 ft or more with proper care.

Swiss Cheese Plant Invasive

Swiss Cheese Plant has been introduced to many tropical areas and has become mildly invasive species in Hawaii, Seychelles, Ascension Island and Society Islands.

Swiss Cheese Plant Origin

Monstera deliciosa is native to tropical forests of Southern Mexico, South of Panama where it grows as an epiphyte on trees.

Swiss Cheese Plant Varieties

Various varieties of Monstera deliciosa are available. The form Variegata has white and cream lines or patches on the leaves. Where space is limited the borsigiana or mini Monstera are ideal.

Swiss Cheese Plant Buy

Buy beautiful and healthy Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa) from Etsy.

Swiss cheese Plant Care, Monstera deliciosa Care

Photo Credit: Crocus

Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa) Care Indoors

Swiss Cheese Plant Light Requirements

Swiss Cheese Plant grows best bright to medium indirect light away from direct sunlight.

Position your Swiss Cheese Plant next to a sunless window or near a bright window where it can receive adequate light.

The Swiss Cheese Plant produces small leaves and spindly leaf-stalks if there is not enough light and it stops growing in deep shade. Read more on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Swiss Cheese Plant

Water Swiss Cheese Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering for your Swiss Cheese Plant during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure that the pot for your Swiss Cheese Plant has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.


Temperature for Swiss Cheese Plant

The best temperature for Swiss Cheese Plant is an average warmth with a minimum of 150C.

Protect your Swiss Cheese Plant from cold draughts to avoid sudden drop in temperature. Learn more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Swiss Cheese Plant

Average room humidity is ideal for Swiss Cheese Plant. Where the air is too dry, set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Swiss Cheese Plant. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Regularly clean the leaves of your Swiss Cheese Plant by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and discourage pest infestation. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Swiss Cheese Plant

Feed Swiss Cheese Plant with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

Withhold feeding for your Swiss Cheese Plant during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Swiss Cheese Plant

Repot Swiss Cheese Plant annually during the growing season as the roots require adequate room to grow.

Use a pot 2-3 sizes larger and one that has a drainage hole for your Swiss Cheese Plant.

The best soil for your Swiss Cheese Plant should be free-draining and rich in organic matter.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole(s) to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual loss of the Swiss Cheese Plant.

How to Prune Swiss Cheese Plant

Pruning Swiss Cheese Plant is easy. Remove yellow and dead leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

When the Swiss Cheese Plant becomes too large and unruly cut back the stems to the desired level to rejuvenate growth.

The stems of the Swiss Cheese Plant can be used to propagate new plants. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa) Propagation

Swiss Cheese Plant propagation can be done at the beginning of the growing period by use of stem cuttings or by air layering. The stem cuttings can be rooted in soil or in water.

How to propagate Swiss Cheese Plant from stem cuttings in soil

Take a stem cutting from a healthy Swiss Cheese Plant by cutting at a point just below an aerial root.

Just one leaf node with the leaf is enough to propagate a new Swiss Cheese Plant.

Insert the Swiss Cheese Plant cutting in moist free-draining soil. Ensure the rooting container has proper drainage to avoid getting soggy soil.

Place the set up in a well-lit, shaded place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges.

Allow the new Swiss Cheese Plant to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Swiss Cheese Plant from stem cuttings in water

Take a stem cutting from a healthy Swiss Cheese Plant by cutting at a point just below an aerial root.

Just one leaf node with the leaf is enough to propagate a new Swiss Cheese Plant.

Place the cutting in a jar containing plain water while ensuring that at least one leaf node is under water.

Place the set up in a well-lit spot and change the water every 7-10 days.

Once adequate roots have developed, plant the Swiss Cheese Plant cutting in soil and place in a well-lit shaded place.

Allow the new Swiss Cheese Plant to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

How to propagate Swiss Cheese Plant by air layering

There are two methods of air layering Swiss Cheese Plant.

One method consists of notching the stem of a healthy Swiss Cheese Plant and coating the notch with a rooting hormone.

Surround the notched area with damp moss and then cover it with a polythene film or clear plastic wrap.

After the roots have formed sever the stem just below the covered part.

Remove the polythene and carefully pot the rooted cutting in moist free-draining soil.

Place in a shaded well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until the new Swiss Cheese Plant is well established.

The second way involves coating the stem at a node with a rooting hormone.

Surround the node with damp moss and then cover it with a polythene film or clear plastic wrap.

After the roots have formed sever the stem just below the covered part.

Remove the polythene and carefully pot the rooted cutting in moist free-draining soil.

Place in a shaded well-lit place and maintain the soil moist until the new Swiss Cheese Plant is well established after which routine care can begin.

Swiss cheese Plant Care, Monstera deliciosa Care

Photo Credit: Crocus

Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa) Problems Indoors

Swiss Cheese Plant lacks perforation

Swiss Cheese Plant lacking perforation is due to four possible reasons. However, the young leaves of Swiss Cheese Plant may not be perforated.

One possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant lacking perforation is inadequate light. Move your Swiss Cheese Plant to a brighter spot and ensure that your plant is receiving medium to bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight as it can scorch the leaves.

The second possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant lacking perforation is cold air due to cold draughts. Protect your Swiss Cheese Plant from cold draughts and maintain an average warmth with a minimum of 150C.

The third possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant lacking perforation is underwatering. Water your Swiss Cheese Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

The fourth possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant lacking perforation is underfeeding. Feed your Swiss Cheese Plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

In tall plants, the possible cause of lack of perforation in your Swiss Cheese Plant is likely to be failure of water reaching the uppermost leaves.

Ensure the aerial roots of your Swiss Cheese Plant are pushed into the compost or allowed to grow into a moist support inorder to supply water and nutrients to the upper leaves.

Swiss Cheese Plant yellowing leaves

Swiss Cheese Plant yellowing leaves are due to four possible causes.

One possible cause of Swiss Cheese Plant yellowing leaves is overwatering if many leaves are affected and there are signs of wilting and rotting.

Water your Swiss Cheese Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Also, ensure that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

The second possible cause of Swiss Cheese Plant yellowing leaves is underfeeding if there is no wilting and rotting.

Feed your Swiss Cheese Plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period but withhold feeding during the cold season.

The third possible cause of Swiss Cheese Plant yellowing leaves is underwatering if only lower leaves are affected and have dark spots and new leaves are dark and small.

Water your Swiss Cheese Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings but never allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

The fourth possible reason of Swiss Cheese Plant yellowing leaves is exposure to direct sunlight if the leaves pale colored and have straw-colored patches.

Protect your Swiss Cheese Plant from direct sunshine or move it to a shadier spot to prevent sunscorching.

Swiss Cheese Plant losing (dropping) leaves

Swiss Cheese Plant losing (dropping) leaves is due to two possible reasons.

One possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant losing (dropping) leaves is age. As the lower leaves age, they fall as a natural process.

The second possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant losing (dropping) leaves is sudden change of growing conditions if there is an abnormal loss of leaves.

Avoid sudden changes in the growing conditions for your Swiss Cheese Plant. Gradually acclimatize it to the new growing conditions before moving it to a new position.

The third possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant losing (dropping) leaves is high temperature if the leaves turn brown and dry before they fall.

Ensure your Swiss Cheese Plant is receiving an average warmth with a minimum of 150C and protect it from hot draughts (heat from hot air).

Swiss Cheese Plant rotting stems

Swiss Cheese Plant rotting stems is an indication of fungal stem-rot disease which is promoted by high moisture and too little warmth.

You can save Swiss Cheese Plant by repotting and keeping the soil dry and warm for a period of time.

Swiss Cheese Plant brown papery tips and edges

Swiss Cheese Plant brown papery tips and edges are due to two possible reasons.

One possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant brown papery tips and edges is low air humidity. Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Swiss Cheese Plant. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second possible reason for Swiss Cheese Plant brown papery tips and edges is that the plant may be pot-bound.

Repot your Swiss Cheese Plant into a pot 1 size larger and one that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from becoming soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Swiss Cheese Plant leggy growth and small pale leaves

Swiss Cheese Plant leggy growth and small pale leaves is due to too little light as Swiss Cheese Plant will not thrive in deep shade.

Move your Swiss Cheese Plant to a more brighter spot where it is receiving medium to bright, indirect light but away from direct sunshine.

Swiss Cheese Plant weeping at the leaf edges

Swiss Cheese Plant weeping at the leaf edges is due to too wet soil. Stop watering the plant and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Swiss Cheese Plant Diseases

Swiss Cheese Plant diseases include leaf spot.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it for the disease appropriately.

Swiss Cheese Plant Pests

Swiss Cheese Plant pests are Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects, Aphids, and Spider Mites.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat the pests appropriately.

Is Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa) toxic?

All parts except the fruit of Swiss Cheese Plant (Monstera deliciosa) are mildly toxic to humans and toxic to pets.

If Swiss Cheese Plant is ingested they will cause pain and swelling in the mouth, tongue and lips, vomiting, excessive drooling and difficulty in swallowing.

Other Monstera Plants for growing indoors

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