Botanical name: Gasteria disticha
Gasteria disticha is a dwarf succulent plant whose strap-shaped leaves are arranged in two rows forming a fan-like shape. The leaves are green and have white spots arranged in irregular transverse bands.
The Gasteria disticha plant often has leaves which undulate slightly, have wavy margins and a rough, mat surface.
The flowers in Gasteria disticha are tiny about 12–20 mm and have flower bases that are inflated or swollen for roughly two-thirds of the flower length.
Gasteria disticha is native to the Breede River Valley in the Western Cape, South Africa where it is found growing under the rocks or bushes that provide it with some shelter from the sun.
Gasteria disticha grow best under bright light with some direct sunshine. A few feet away from a south- or west-facing window is ideal.
Avoid exposing your Gasteria disticha to too hot sunlight before acclimatizing it, as it can get sun burned. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water your Gasteria disticha thoroughly during the growing season, when the soil begins to dry out.
Water your Gasteria disticha very infrequently during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.
Ensure that the pot for your Gasteria disticha has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot.
Avoiding wetting the center of the rosette as it can lead to rotting of your Gasteria disticha. Watering from the bottom is a better option.
Water your Gasteria disticha with water that is at room temperature water to avoid plant shock. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Average warmth temperatures from 18-290C) are ideal for your Gasteria disticha. The sudden change in temperature between day and night is excellent for the growth of this succulent.
Gasteria disticha has no need for high humidity. Average room humidity is ideal for your Gasteria disticha.
Feed your Gasteria disticha monthly during the growing period with a water soluble fertilizer as they are slow growing and therefore do not need frequent feeding.
Withhold feeding for your Gasteria disticha during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot your Gasteria disticha at the beginning of the growing season only when the plant becomes pot-bound. Use a shallow rather than a deep pot for your Gasteria disticha as they have shallow roots.
The pot for your Gasteria disticha should be only 1 size larger than the previous one. Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot.
The best soil for your Gasteria disticha should be sandy or rocky soil as it drains easily inorder to avoid soggy soil which can lead to rotting of your plant.
Pruning your Gasteria disticha involves removal of dead or diseased leaves.
Cut the leaf at the base with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors to detach it from the stem. Avoid excessive injury to your Gasteria disticha to minimise fungal and bacterial infections.
Gasteria disticha can be propagated from offsets (pups) which form at the base of the plant.
Select an offset which has several leaves and carefully seperate the offset from the mother Gasteria disticha by cutting with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors.
Allow the Gasteria disticha offsets to dry for 1-3 days before potting to prevent rotting.
Plant the Gasteria disticha offset in free-draining soil and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
Water your Gasteria disticha sparingly, only when the soil is dry to avoid getting soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot.
Underwatering is the cause of wilted and droopy leaves your in Gasteria disticha
Immediately water your Gasteria disticha thoroughly and it should perk up. Never allow the soil to dry our completely, maintain it moderately moist.
Leaf spot disease is the cause of brown soft spots in your Gasteria disticha.
The occurence of the disease is enhanced by poor air circulation. Ensure that there is proper air circulation for your Gasteria disticha.
Overwatering during the cold season is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves in your Gasteria disticha.
Water your Gasteria disticha sparingly during the cold season and always allow the soil to almost dry out between waterings.
Basal stem rot disease due to overwet conditions is the cause of base rot followed by yellowing and shriveled leaves in your Gasteria disticha.
Avoid overwatering your Gasteria disticha during the cold season and reduce watering significantly to maintain the soil slightly moist.
Also, use a fungicidal solution ocassionally to water your Gasteria disticha to prevent infection.
Remove and discard the infected parts of your Gasteria disticha to prevent spread to the rest of the plant.
Isolate the affected Gasteria disticha to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.
Gasteria disticha are non-toxic to both humans and pets. They are safe to grow in the home.