Botanical name: Peperomia rotundifolia
Creeping Peperomia Plant also called Jade Necklace, Trailing Jade, Creeping Buttons and round Leaf Peperomia, is a trailing Peperomia plant. It has hanging shoots and very small, thick and fleshy, succulent, button-like leaves that may entwine and weave in and out of each other. The stem consists of several small green leaves growing all along the stem on either side. The leaves have a rounded appearance and measure about an inch in diameter. The plant does well in hanging baskets, where it the shoots can beautifully cascade and in a terrarium where humidity is high. This plant flourishes when it is slightly pot-bound, which implies that it should not be over-potted. The plant can be easily propagated from leaf cuttings. Creeping Peperomia is native to the tropical rainforest of South America where it can be found growing on trees or crawling on rock cracks, rotten logs and the forest ground as well as it prefers moisture and shaded conditions.
Creeping Peperomia Plant prefers semi-shade (partial shade). It will also thrive under flourescent light. Too little light will result in leggy plants. Keep it away from direct sunshine as it can lead to scorching of the leaves. Learn how to ensure your plant receives the correct light in this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Creeping Peperomia Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings. Significantly reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil barely moist. Avoid waterlogging as it can lead in rotting. Learn more on how to water houseplants.
Average warmth between 15-260C is ideal for Creeping Peperomia Plant. Protect the plant from cold draughts as the cause leaf drop. Learn more on temperature for houseplants.
Feed Creeping Peperomia Plant with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer once a month during the growing period. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Learn more on feeding houseplants.
Repot Creeping Peperomia Plant during the growing season only when the plant has become extremely pot-bound. Use a rich, free-draining soil and a pot only one size larger. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole(s) to prevent waterlogging which can lead to root-rot.
Pruning Creeping Peperomia Plant involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain the plant neat and tidy. To encourage a bushy, compact growth, regularly pinch of the growing tips. As the plants age, they become straggly. Cut back the stems during the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Learn more on how to prune houseplants.
Creeping Peperomia Plant can be propagated from leaf cutting, stem cuttings or by division.
Propagating Creeping Peperomia Plants from leaf cuttings
Leaf cuttings root easily, there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take leaf cuttings from a healthy Creeping Peperomia Plant. Ensure each leaf cutting has a petiole. Allow sometime for the formation of a protective callous tissue over the cuts. Place the leaf cuttings in a jar of clean plain water and change the water every 7-10 days. Place in warm shaded place until growth begins at the base of the petiole. Allow for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves. Transfer to individual pots and place in a cool shaded place. Maintain the soil moist until the plant is well established. For a fuller plant, plant several plants in one pot.
Propagating Creeping Peperomia Plants from stem cuttings
Stem-tip cuttings root easily, there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take stem cuttings of about 4-5 in. length from a healthy Creeping Peperomia Plant. Ensure each cutting has at least 2 sets of leaves. Lay the cuttings in moist rooting soil. Place in warm shaded place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges and substantial growth has been observed. Transfer to individual pots and begin routine care. For a fuller plant, plant several cuttings in one pot.
Propagating Creeping Peperomia Plants by division
Take out the Creeping Peperomia Plant from its pot and divide it into several sections. Pot up these sections in individual pots. Place in a cool shaded place. Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges. Allow the new Creeping Peperomia Plants to be well established before transplanting.
Brown leaf tips and edges in Creeping Peperomia Plant are due to sudden drop in temperature from cold draughts. Remove all the damaged leaves and keep plants away from cold draughts.
The cause of brown and shrivelled leaves in Creeping Peperomia Plant is too dry air. Creeping Peperomia Plant prefers a humid environment. To raise humidity, set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Creeping Peperomia Plant can also be grown in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained.
Excess soluble salts in the soil from the water or excess feeding will cause dry shrivelled leaves in Creeping Peperomia Plant; flush out the salts by running a stream of water through the soil until it comes out through the drainage holes. Repeat several times.
Leggy stems in Creeping Peperomia Plant are due to low light. Cut back the stems to rejuvenate growth and move the plant to a brighter spot.
Waterlogging of Creeping Peperomia Plant is the cause of these. This is an indication of Root-rot disease.
Creeping Peperomia Plant (Peperomia rotundifolia) are non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.