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Botanical name: Davallia canariensis
Common name: Hare's Foot Fern
Hare's Foot Fern (Davallia canariensis) is grown for its thick, scaly rhizomes which grow over the edge of the pot and resemble a hare's foot hence giving the fern its common name.
The rhizomes absorb moisture and nutients as they crawl. The fronds are broad, finely divided and look like carrot tops.
Hare's Foot Fern is ideal for a hanging basket where the rhizomes can hang freely for maximum display. The rhizomes should not be buried under the soil as it can lead to rotting.
Hare's Foot Fern grows to a height of about 1.5 ft and about 2 ft wide.
Davallia canariensis is found from west Mediterranean to the Atlantic Islands where it grows in a sunny atmosphere and amongst the rocks.
The species name canariensis suggests that this fern has its origins in the Canary Islands.
Hare's Foot Fern is related to the larger but less hardy Davallia fejeensis (Rabbit's Foot Fern), Davallia bullata (Squirrel's Foot Fern) and Davallia trichomanoides (Black Rabbit's Foot Fern).
Beautiful and healthy Hare's Foot Fern are readily available online at Etsy. Buy Davallia Ferns online from Etsy.
Photo Credit: White Flower Farm
Hare's Foot Fern (Davallia canariensis) thrives in bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight, average warmth and humidity, and consistently moist, fertile, well-drained soil coupled with regular feeding during the growing season.
Davallia canariensis requires timely repotting as overcrowding can result in wilting and eventual death of the fern. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to achieve them.
Hare's Foot Fern grows best in bright, indirect light. Keep it away from direct sunlight as it may scorch the fronds.
Rotate the pot regularly to ensure that the fern receives light on all sides for even growth.
Davallia canariensis can also grow under a grow light where natural light is not adequate.
Water Hare's Foot Fern liberally during the growing season and allow the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil consistently.
Cut down on watering during cold season as growth is minimal at this time to keep the soil slightly moist but do not let the soil dry out completely. Maintain the rhizomes moist by daily misting.
Ascertain that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting.
Average warmth between 21-250C is ideal for Hare's Foot Fern. Temperatures outside this range can affect the growth negatively.
Hare's Foot Fern thrives under high humidity. The fern is ideal for humid areas like the bathroom and other moist areas.
Increase humidity for the Fern by more frequent misting of the rhizomes to keep them moist or set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Check out these techniques on how raise humidity for houseplants.
Feed Hare's Foot Fern with a liquid, water-soluble fertilizer every 2-3 weeks during the growing period for a lush growth.
Stop feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time and feeding at this time can lead to fertilizer burn.
Pruning Hare's Foot Fern is easy. Remove dead and damaged fronds. As the fern ages, the older fronds turn brown. Cut them off at the base to maintain the fern neat and tidy.
Repot Hare's Foot Fern every 2-3 years at the beginning of the growing season. Use a pot that is 1 size larger than the current one.
Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to rotting and eventual death of the fern.
The large Hare's Foot Fern can also be divided into several sections and potted individually to propagate new ferns.
The best soil for Hare's Foot Fern should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients. Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal. Buy quality Potting Mix for Davallia canariensis from Etsy.
Hare's Foot Fern (Davallia canariensis) propagation can be done by division of the rhizomes at the beginning of the growing season.
Carefully take the Hare's Foot Fern out of its pot and divide it into several sections. Ensure each section has adequate roots.
Pot these sections into individual pots while ensuring that you do not bury the rhizomes under the soil to avoid rotting.
Place the pots in a warm, well-lit place away from direct sunlight and maintain the soil moist through out until the new Hare's Foot Ferns are well established.
Photo Credit: Garden Express
Hare's Foot Fern (Davallia canariensis) problems indoors include yellowing, brown leaf tips, wilting leaves, leaf drop, pests and diseases among others. Continue reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.
The cause of yellowing fronds, brown tips and no new growth in Hare's Foot Fern is dry air.
To raise humidity mist the rhizomes more frequently to keep them moist, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier.
Soggy soil is the reason for yellowing leaves in Hare's Foot Fern. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining.
Wilting leaves in Hare's Foot Fern is an indication of overcrowding in the current pot. Repot the Fern into a larger pot or divide it up for more ferns.
Leaflets drop in Hare's Foot Fern is indicative of too dry soil. Maintain the soil consistently moist and do not allow it to dry out completely for an extended period of time.
Browning and yellowing in isolated areas of Hare's Foot Fern are as a result of excessive salts in the soil either from watering or fertilizers. Flush out the salts by repeatedly running a steady stream of water thorough the soil and avoid overfertilizing in the future.
Brown shells scattered on the fronds of Hare's Foot Fern is an indication of a infestation by scales. Isolate the affected plant to avoid spread to other houseplants and treat appropriately.
Common pests in Hare's Foot Fern are scales and mealy bugs. Isolate the affected plant to avoid spread to other houseplants and treat it with a horticultural oil as per the manufacturer's recommendations.
Hare's Foot Ferns (Davallia canariensis) are non-toxic to humans and pets as indicated by ASPCA. The plants are safe to grow indoors.