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Botanical name: Adiantum raddianum
Synonmy: Adiantum cuneatum
Common names: Maidenhair Fern, Delta Maidenhair Fern
Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum raddianum) also called Delta Maidenhair Fern bears wiry, shiny, dark stems which resemble human hair.
The fronds in Maidenhair Fern are semi-erect in young plants but they droop as the plant ages. The fronds are small and have a lace-like appearance.
Delta Maidenhair Ferns have a delicate constitution. They require moist air, warmth and bright indirect light, which make them ideal for growing in a terrarium or a warm, humid bathroom.
The genus name is derived from the Greek word adiantos, meaning "unwetted" in reference to the leaves ability to repel water without being wetted.
The Maidenhair Fern can grow to a height of 2 ft with a spread of 1-2 ft.
Adiantum raddianum also called Adiantum cuneatum is native to North America where they can be found growing on rocks and in between rocks around waterfalls where moisture seeping through sustains them.
Delta Maidenhair Fern is an excellent addition to any houseplant collection. Buy beautiful and healthy Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum raddianum) from Etsy.
Photo Credit: Nature Hills Nursery
Adiantum raddianum (Maidenhair Fern) thrives in a brightly lit spot with plenty of humidity and warmth. The soil should be consistently moist, well-drained and rich in organic matter. It needs monthly feeding during the growing season for a lush growth.
Delta Maidenhair Fern also requires frequent pruning to maintain it neat and tidy as well as discourage pest infestations. Repotting is necessary when the fern becomes pot-bound as failure to repot in time may result in wilting and death of the fern. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to achieve them.
Maidenhair Fern thrives in bright indirect light. Keep it away from direct sunlight as it can scorch the fronds.
Turn the pot regularly to ensure that the fern receives light on all sides for even growth.
Delta Maidenhair Fern can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.
For optimum growth of Maidenhair Fern, water it liberally during the growing season while allowing the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep the soil consistently moist at all times.
Decrease watering during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but do not let the soil dry out completely.
Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can result in root-rot disease and death of the fern.
Average warmth between 18-250C is ideal for Maidenhair Fern. A room temperature that is comfortable for you is ideal for this plant.
Keep the Delta Maidenhair Fern away from draughts as it requires consistent warmth. Draughts cause sudden changes in temperature which can result in leaf drop.
Maidenhair Fern requires high humidity inorder to thrive. Too little moisture will lead to curled leaves, brown leaf tips and edges and leaf drop. It is important to maintain the air is moist at all times.
To raise humidity for the fern, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier.
You can also grow the fern in the moist areas of the home like the bathroom, kitchen and laundry area but also ensure that the lighting is adequate for the fern.
Delta Maidenhair Fern can also be grown in a terrarium as a humid environment can be maintained easily inside a terrarium.
Feed Maidenhair Fern with a liquid fertilizer (foliar feed) once a month during the growing period for a lush growth.
Stop feeding during the cold season as growth is reduced at this time. Avoid Nitrogen-rich fertilizer as it can cause brown leaf tips.
Pruning Maidenhair Fern is easy. Remove dead and damaged fronds. As the fern ages, the older fronds turn brown. Cut them off at the base to maintain the fern looking neat and tidy as well as reduce pest infestations.
Repot Maidenhair Fern at the beginning of the growing season when it becomes overcrowded. One sign of an overcrowded fern is wilting leaves. Failure to repot an overcrowded fern can result in death of the plant.
Repot the Delta Maidenhair Fern into a pot that is 1 size larger than the current one and one that has a drainage hole to avoid having soggy soil.
You can also divide a large fern into several sections which can then be potted individually.
The best soil for Maidenhair Fern should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients.
Potting mixes specifically designed for ferns are perfect for this plant. Buy quality Ferns Potting Mix for Delta Maidenhair Fern from Etsy.
Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum raddianum) propagation can be done from spores or by plant division at the beginning of the growing season.
Carefully take the fern out of its pot and divide it into several sections. Ensure each section has adequate roots.
Pot these sections into individual pots in moist, free-draining soil to avoid rotting.
Make sure that each pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
Place the pots in a warm, well-lit place away from direct sunlight to avoid sunscorching.
Maintain the soil moist through out until the new Maidenhair Ferns are well established after which you can begin routine care.
Spores are brown dots on the underside of the fronds of your Maidehair Fern. When they ripen, the cases open and tiny dust-like spores fall out.
Cut the frond and place it on a piece of paper with spores side down.
Allow time for the spores to fall out of the cases onto the piece of paper. The spores can also be obtained by shaking the frond occasionally.
Thinly spread the spores on moist soil and cover the set up with clear polythene to maintain humidity and warmth.
Place the set up in a brightly lit area away from direct sunlight. The spores should sprout in 1-2 months.
Allow the new Maidenhair Ferns to be well established before transplanting after which you can begin routine care.
Photo Credit: Flower Power
Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum raddianum) problems indoors include yellowing leaves, leaf drop, brown leaf tips, curled leaves, wilting, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.
Brown dots or lines on the underside of fronds are spores which can be used for propagation of new Maidenhair Ferns.
They indicate that the frond is mature and healthy. In their natural habitat, these spores drop to the soil and grow into new Delta Maidenhair Ferns.
Curled leaves, brown leaf tips and leaf drop in Maidenhair Fern is dry air (low humidity).
Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity or use a cool mist humidifier. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.
Wilting leaves in Maidenhair Fern is an indication of overcrowding in the current pot resulting in underwatering of the fern (too little moisture in the soil for the fern to take up).
Repot the Delta Maidehair Fern into a pot one size larger than the current one in good quality soil like these ferns potting soil available at Etsy.
You can also divide the fern into several sections and pot them in individual pots for more ferns.
Excessive leaf drop in Maidenhair Fern is indicative of underwatering which implies that there is too little moisture in the soil.
As such, the fern cannot take up water to the leaves for food making, therefore, the leaves begin to drop in a bid to save energy.
Water the Delta Maidenhair Fern thoroughly in the growing season and maintain the soil consistently moist but not soggy.
Reduce watering during the cold season but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
The brown shells scattered on the fronds of Maidenhair Fern is an indication of an infestation by scale insects which are promoted by dry conditions.
To discourage the pest infestations, raise the air humidity by setting the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier.
Maidenhair Fern can also grow in the moist areas in the home like the bathroom and laundry area if the lighting is adequate.
Isolate the affected fern to avoid spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests. Read more on how to get rid of Scale Insects in houseplants.
The other common pests in Maidenhair Fern are Mealy Bugs. Isolate the affected fern to avoid spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.
Yellowing leaves in Maidenhair Fern are due to soggy soil (overwet soil). Confirm that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy.
Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum raddianum) are non-toxic to humans and pets. The Ferns are safe to grow indoors.