Botanical name: Syngonium podophyllum
Synonym: Nephthytis podophyllum
Common names: Arrowhead Plant, Arrowhead Vine, African Evergreen, Arrowhead Philodendron, American Evergreen, Nephthytis
Goosefoot Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) also called Arrowhead Plant, Arrowhead Vine, African Evergreen, Arrowhead Philodendron, American Evergreen or Nephthytis is a popular plant whose leaves dramatically change in shape as the plant ages.
The young leaves in Goosefoot Vine are arrow-shaped and borne on erect stalks, the variegation is boldest and brightest at this stage. With age the Goosefoot Vine stems acquire a climbing habit and require support while the leaves become lobed.
To maintain the juvenile form of Goosefoot Vine, cut off the climbing stems as they develop. After a few years, the Goosefoot Vine becomes leggy and requires to be cut back to rejuvenate growth.
There are many variegated cultivars of Goosefoot Vine; the main difference being in the position and extent of the cream or white markings. Some leaves are almost entirely white, pink or yellow.
Varieties with variegated leaves require a well-lit spot but the dark green leaved ones can grow in darker places.
Goosefoot Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) is native to a wide region of Latin America from Mexico to Bolivia and naturalized in West Indies, Florida, Texas and Hawaii.
Buy beautiful and healthy Goosefoot Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) from Etsy.
Photo Credit: CitySens
Goosefoot Vine grows best in bright light away from direct sunlight for the variegated varieties. The all-green varieties require bright, indirect light (semi-shade).
Turn the pot regularly to ensure that the plant receives light on all sides for uniform growth. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Goosefoot Vine liberally to keep the soil moist at all times during the growing season and reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil moderately moist. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Ensure that the soil is free-draining and that the pot for your Goosefoot Vine has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your plant.
Average warmth between 15 and 280C is ideal for Goosefoot Vine. Room temperature that is comfortable for you is ideal for the plant.
Protect the plant from hot and cold draughts to prevent sudden changes in the temperature. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Average room humidity is ideal for Goosefoot Vine. Where the temperature is too high resulting in very dry air, set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Goosefoot Vine. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.
Regularly clean the leaves of your Goosefoot Vine by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and reduce infestation by pests. Read more on how to clean houseplants.
Feed Goosefoot Vine with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer once monthly during the growing period.
Withhold feeding for your Goosefoot Vine during the cold season as growth is minimal and it can lead to fertilizer burn on your plant. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
For a large vigorously growing Arrowhead Plant, repot once a year during the growing season.
Use a free-draining soil that is rich in organic matter for your Goosefoot Vine and a pot 1-2 sizes larger that has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your Goosefoot Vine.
The best soil for Goosefoot Vine should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients. Most potting mixes designed for aroids are ideal for Goosefoot Vine.
Buy quality Aroids Potting Soil for your Goosefoot Vine from Etsy.
Pruning Goosefoot Vine involves pinching off the growing tips to encourage a compact growth.
Cut back the stems when the Goosefoot Vine becomes leggy to rejuvenate growth. Read more on how to prune houseplants.
Goosefoot Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) propagation can be done from stem cuttings during the growing period when the plant has enough food reserves which are necessary for faster establishment of the new plant.
Take Goosefoot Vine stem cuttings of about 4-6 in. long and bearing at least one leaf and some aerial roots. Goosefoot Vine stem cuttings root easily therefore there is no need of a rooting hormone.
Insert the Goosefoot Vine cuttings in moist rooting soil, place the set up in a warm well-lit spot and maintain the soil moist through out until new growth emerges.
Allow the new plants to be well established before transplanting into individual pots after which normal routine care can begin.
Photo Credit: IndiaMart
Goosefoot Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) problems indoors are caused by cultural faults like improper watering, low humidity and inadequate light. Read on for remedies and solutions to these problems.
Yellowing leaves in Goosefoot Vine are caused by overwatering or too wet soil (soggy soil).
Reduce watering for your Goosefoot Vine during the cold season to maintain the soil moderately moist. Also, ensure that the soil is free-draining and that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
The are two possible reasons for brown, papery leaf tips and edges in Goosefoot Vine.
One possible reason for brown, papery leaf tips and edges in your Goosefoot Vine is due to dry air.
To raise humidity for your Goosefoot Vine, set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Check out these techniques on how to raise the humidity for houseplants.
The second possible reason brown, papery leaf tips and edges in your Goosefoot Vine is that the plant may be pot-bound and needs to be repotted into a larger-sized pot.
Weeping at the leaf tips and edges in Goosefoot Vine is caused by too wet soil (soggy soil).
Allow the soil to dry out and reduce frequency of watering. Also, ensure that the soil is free-draining and that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
Rotting stems in Goosefoot Vine is an indication of the crown and stem rot disease which is enhanced by high moisture and too little warmth.
You can save the plant by repotting and keeping the soil dry and warm for some time before resuming watering.
All parts of Goosefoot Vine (Syngonium podophyllum) are toxic to humans and pets and can cause severe pain in the mouth if eaten.
The Goosefoot Vine plant sap contains oxalic acid which can cause severe burning sensations on the skin and eye damage.
Always wear gloves when handling your Goosefoot Vine to protect yourself and avoid touching the eyes while handling.