How to grow and care for Plumeria Plant

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Houseplant, Plumeria rubra

Botanical name: Plumeria rubra
Family: Apocynaceae

Plumeria also called Frangipani, Red Jasmine or Temple Tree bears large clusters of flowers at the ends of branches. The flowers are strongly fragrant, giving off their fragrance in the morning and in the evening. The fragrance is similar to that of rose, citrus and cinnamon. The flower colour range from common pink to white with shades of yellow in the center of the flower.The fruits are cylindrical pods but rare when grown indoors. The plant requires regular pruning to maintain it small and manageable; it can become unruly if let unpruned. Its native range extends from tropical regions of central Mexico, Central America, Columbia and Venezuela. Plumeria is cultivated in the tropical regions of the world.

How to Grow Plumeria Plant

Light

Plumeria Plant grows best under bright light with at least 4 hours of sunshine. A west- or south-facing window is ideal for this plant. Learn more on how to ensure your plant receives the correct light in this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

Water

Water Plumeria Plant thoroughly during the hot season and allow the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist. Avoid waterlogging as it can lead to root-rot. Learn more on how to water houseplants.

Temperature

Average room temperature with a minimum of 130C is ideal for Plumeria Plant. Protect it from draughts to avoid crispy leaf tips and edges. Find out more on temperature for houseplants.

Humidity

Plumeria Plant grows best in humid conditions. Employ these techniques to raise humidity for the plant. Clean the leaves by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust.

Feeding

Feed Plumeria Plant with a phosphorous-rich, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing season. Withhold feeding during the growth season as growth is minimal. Learn more on how to feed houseplants.

Pruning

Prune Plumeria Plant by removing dead blooms and leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy. Pinch off the growing tips to encourage growth of a bushy plant. Cutback the stems after flowering to 1/3 of their height to encourage new growth and keep the plant compact.

Repotting

Repot the Plumeria Plants at the beginning of the growing season in a pot one size larger than the previous one only when the plant becomes pot-bound. Mature plants can be top-dressed by replacing the top 3-4 inches of soil with fresh potting mixture. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining soil to avoid waterlogging as it can lead to root-rot.

How to Propagate Plumeria Plant

Plumeria Plant can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from stem cuttings. Take stem cuttings of about 4-6 in. Ensure each cutting has at least 2 nodes. Dip the lower cut end in a rooting hormone to hasten rooting. Insert the cutting in moist free-draining soil. Cover the set up with clear polythene to create a greenhouse effect in order to promote rooting. Place the set up in a warm brightly lit spot. Allow the plants to be well established before transplanting.

Common Problems in Growing Plumeria Plant

  • Flower buds drop
  • Underwatering is the cause of wilted leaves in Plumeria Plant; water the plant thoroughly and maintain the soil moist at all times during the growing season.

  • Yellowing and wilted leaves
  • Underwatering is the cause of wilted leaves in Plumeria Plant; water the plant thoroughly and maintain the soil moist at all times during the growing season.

  • Yellowing leaves
  • Overwatering Plumeria Plant will cause the leaves to start yellowing. Reduce watering in the cold months to maintain the soil slightly moist.

  • No blooms
  • Several reasons can lead to no blooms in Plumeria Plant. These are too little light, feeding with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer and too cold temperatures.

  • Pests
  • Common pests in Plumeria Plant are Spider Mites, Scale Insects and Aphids.

  • Diseases
  • Plumeria Plant is prone to Root-rot Disease which is promoted by waterlogged soil and Leaf Spot Disease.

Toxicity

All parts of Plumeria Plant are toxic to both humans and pets. If ingested it can cause nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. The plant produces a sap which can cause dermatitis in sensitive skin. Keep the plant out of the reach of children and pets and always wear gloves when handling.

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