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Botanical name: Plumeria rubra
Common names: Frangipani, Red Jasmine, Temple Tree
Plumeria rubra (Frangipani Plant) also called Red Jasmine or Temple Tree is a plant grown for its large clusters of flowers borne at the ends of branches.
The flowers are strongly fragrant, giving off their fragrance in the morning and in the evening which is similar to rose, citrus and cinnamon.
The flower colour ranges from common pink to white with shades of yellow in the center of the flower and the fruits are cylindrical pods but are rare when grown indoors.
Red Jasmine requires regular pruning to maintain it small and manageable as it can become unruly if let unpruned.
Plumeria rubra is native range extends from tropical regions of central Mexico, Central America, Columbia and Venezuela and it is cultivated in the tropical regions of the world.
Red Jasmines in various sizes are readily available online at Etsy. Buy Frangipani Plants (Plumeria rubra) online from Etsy.
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Plumeria rubra (Frangipani Plant) care indoors is easy when it is provided with bright light with at least 4 hours of sunshine, warm and humid conditions and moderately moist soil that is rich in organic matter coupled with monthly feeding during the growing season.
Red Jasmine requires repotting only when it becomes pot-bound. Regular pruning is needed to keep it neat, encourage a bushy, compact growth and rejuvenate growth. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to provide them.
Frangipani Plant grows best under bright light with at least 4 hours of sunshine. However, keep it away from hot direct sunlight to avoid sunscorch on the leaves.
Red Jasmine will not flower if grown under too little light, therefore, consider investing in a grow light if the natural lighting is not adequate.
Water Frangipani liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2-3 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to maintain the soil moderately moist.
Cut down on watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time.
Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole inorder to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot.
Average room temperature with a minimum of 130C is ideal for Frangipani Plant. Keep it away from draughts to avoid crispy leaf tips and edges.
Frangipani Plant grows best in humid conditions. To raise humidity, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier.
Clean the leaves by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and also discourage pest infestations.
Feed Frangipani Plant with aphosphorous-rich, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing season to encourage flowering.
Stop feeding it during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time and feeding at this time can cause fertilizer burn and death of the plant.
Prune Frangipani Plant by removing dead blooms and leaves to maintain the plant neat and also discourage pests and diseases.
Pinch off the growing tips to encourage growth of a bushy and compact plant.
Cutback the stems after flowering to 1/3 of their height to encourage new growth and keep the plant compact.
Repot Frangipani Plant at the beginning of the growing season in a pot one size larger than the current one only when the plant becomes pot-bound as it blooms best when slightly root-bound.
The mature Red Jasmine plants can be top-dressed by replacing the top 3-4 inches of soil with fresh potting mixture.
Make sure that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining soil to prevent it from getting soggy to avoid root-rot and eventual death of the plant.
The best soil for Frangipani Plant should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients.
Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal. Buy quality Potting Mix for Red Jasmine online from Etsy.
Plumeria rubra (Frangipani Plant) propagation can be done at the beginning of the growing season from stem cuttings.
Take stem cuttings of about 4-6 in. from a healthy Frangipani plant while ensuring each cutting has at least 2 leaf nodes.
Dip the lower cut end of the cutting in a rooting hormone to hasten rooting.
Insert the cutting in moist free-draining soil. Cover the set up with clear polythene to create a greenhouse effect in order to promote rooting of the cuttings.
Place the set up in a warm, brightly lit spot away from direct sunlight and allow the new plants to be well established before transplanting.
Gradually remove the polythene sheet over a period of two weeks to aclimatize the new Red Jasmine plants to the ordinary growing conditions.
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Frangipani Plant (Plumeria rubra) problems indoors include wilting, lack of blooms, yellow leaves, flowerbud drop, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems, their remedies and solutions.
Underwatering is the cause of flower drop in Frangipani Plant. Water the plant thoroughly and maintain the soil moderately moist at all times during the growing season.
Water the Red Jasmine less during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but never allow the soil to dry out completely.
Underwatering is the cause of yellowing and wilted leaves in Frangipani Plant. Water the Red Jasmine thoroughly and maintain the soil moderately moist at all times during the growing season.
Decrease watering in the cold season as growth is minimal at this time but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.
There are three possible reasons why Frangipani Plant will not bloom (flower). One possible reason is too little light.
Move the plant to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light with some direct sunshine or instal a grow light where natural light is inadequate.
The second possible reason why Frangipani Plant is not blooming (flowering) is feeding it with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer which promotes foliage growth at the expense of flowers.
Feed the Red Jasmine with a phosphorous-rich, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing season to encourage flowering. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.
The third possible reason why Plumeria rubra is not blooming (flowering) is too cold temperatures.
Protect the plant from cold draughts and maintain an average room temperature with a minimum of 130C.
Overwatering Frangipani Plant will cause the leaves to start yellowing. Reduce watering in the cold months to maintain the soil slightly moist and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
The common pests in Frangipani are spider mites, scale insects and aphids. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests. Read more on how to identify and treat pests in houseplants.
Frangipani Plant is prone to root-rot disease and leaf spot disease which are promoted by soggy soil and overwet growing conditions.
Ascertain that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent the soil from getting soggy.
Also, reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time.
Ensure also that there is good air circulation for the Red Jasmine to reduce disease infestation.
All parts of Frangipani (Plumeria rubra) are toxic to both humans and pets. If ingested, it can cause nausea, diarrhea and vomiting.
Red Jasmine produces a sap which can cause dermatitis in sensitive skin therefore, always wear gloves when handling this plant and keep out of the reach of children and pets to avoid any mishaps.