How to grow and care for Pilea cadierei (Aluminium Plant) Indoors

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Pilea cadierei, Aluminium Plant

Botanical name: Pilea cadierei
Family: Urticaceae
Common names:&nbpsAluminium Plant, Watermelon Pilea

Pilea cadierei Description

Pilea cadierei commonly called Aluminium Plant or Watermelon Pilea is an evergreen plant which bears dark-green oval leaves, each bearing raised silvery patches and hence the common names.

The leaves in Pilea cadierei are generally opposite on the stems and they are clearly divided into petiole and leaf blade.

With age, Pilea cadierei becomes leggy and unattractive. Replace the leggy plant with young vibrant plants which are easily propagated from stem cuttings.

Pilea cadierei Flower

Pilea cadierei is monoecious which means that the male and the female flowers are on seperate plants.

Pilea cadierei Size

The Pilea cadierei is a low growing plant which grows to a height of 1 ft only and 18 in. wide.

Pilea cadierei Origin

Pilea cadierei is native to China and Vietnam. The species name "cadierei" is in honour of the 20th century botanist R.P. Cadiere.

Buy beautiful and healthy Aluminium Plants (Pilea cadierei) from Etsy.

Pilea cadierei, Aluminium Plant

Photo Credit: Wild Roots

Pilea cadierei (Aluminium Plant) Care Indoors

Pilea cadierei Light Requirements

Pilea cadierei grows best in bright, indirect light inorder to maintain the leaf color. It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.

Keep Pilea cadierei away from direct sunshine as it can lead to scorching of the leaves. Inadequate light for your Pilea cadierei leads to a thin and leggy plant. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Pilea cadierei

Water Pilea cadierei thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure the pot for Pilea cadierei has a drainage hole to avoid getting soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your plant.


Temperature for Pilea cadierei

Average warmth with a minimum 150C is ideal for your Pilea cadierei. Protect the plant from cold draughts to avoid sudden drop in temperature.

Humidity for Pilea cadierei

Pilea cadierei has no need for high humidity; average room humidity is adequate for this plant.

Where the room temperatures are too high, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier to raise humidity. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Pilea cadierei

Feed Pilea cadierei with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer every 4-5 weeks during the growing period.

Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Pilea cadierei

Repot a young Pilea cadierei annually at the beginning of the growing season as the extensive root system is known to break the pots if restricted.

Use a pot two sizes larger than the current one and ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of your plant.

Pilea cadierei Soil

The best soil for Pilea cadierei should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients. Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal for Pilea cadierei.

How to Prune Pilea cadierei

Pruning Pilea cadierei involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain your plant neat and tidy.

To control the height of Pilea cadierei and encourage bushyness, pinch the growing tips. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Pilea cadierei (Aluminium Plant) Propagation

Pilea cadierei propagation can be done during the growing period from stem cuttings.

How to propagate Pilea cadierei from Stem Cuttings

Pilea cadierei stem cuttings root easily so there is no need for rooting hormone.

Take a stem cutting of about 3-5 in. from a healthy Pilea cadierei and ensure it bears at least two sets of leaves.

Insert the cutting in moist, free-draining soil and place in a warm, well-lit place.

Maintain the soil moist through out until new growth emerges. Allow the new Pilea cadierei to be well established before transplanting after which you can begin routine care.

Pilea cadierei, Aluminium Plant

Photo Credit: The Plant Farm

Pilea cadierei (Aluminium Plant) Problems Indoors

Pilea cadierei discolored leaves, brown leaf tips and edges

Inadequate light is the cause of discolored leaves with brown tips and edges in Pilea cadierei.

Move your Pilea cadierei to a brighter spot. Pilea cadierei prefers bright, indirect light. It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

Pilea cadierei leggy growth

The cause of leggy growth in Pilea cadierei is too little light. Leggy growth is an attempt by the plant to grow towards the light source. Pilea cadierei grows best in bright, indirect light.

Move the plant to a brighter spot where it will receive bright, indirect light to prevent it from growing towards the light source. It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.

Pilea cadierei brown and shrivelled leaf tips

The cause of brown and shrivelled leaf tips in Pilea cadierei is too dry air (low humidity).

Set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier to raise humidity for your Pilea cadierei. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Pilea cadierei brown leaf spots and yellow leaves

The reason for brown spots and yellow leaves in Pilea cadierei is exposure to direct sunlight. Brown leaf spots are sunscorch marks.

Move the plant to a shaded spot or protect it from direct sunlight to prevent sunscorch marks.

Pilea cadierei diseases

Pilea cadierei diseases; root-rot disaese due to overwatering and Blight which begins in one leaf and turns it brown and rotten.

Remove the affected stem to prevent spread to the rest of the plant and treat the plant appropriately for the disease.

Pilea cadierei pests

Pilea cadierei pests; Spider Mites and Mealy Bugs. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.

Is Pilea cadierei (Aluminium Plant) toxic?

Pilea cadierei (Aluminium Plant) is non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.

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