How to grow and care for Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) Indoors

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Canary Island Date Palm Care, Phoenix canariensis Care

Botanical name: Phoenix canariensis
Family: Arecaceae
Common names: Canary Island Date Palm, Pineapple Palm

Canary Island Date Palm Description

Canary Island Date Palm also called Pineapple Palm is native to the Canary Islands and is a popular indoor palm which is tolerant to soil variation and is moderately drought tolerant.

Canary Island Date Palm can grow in partial shade or full sun. It is slow growing and exclusively propagated by seed.

Canary Island Date Palm Size

In its native habitat Canary Island Date Palm can grow to a height of 66 ft, ocassionally growing to 130 ft. When grown indoors it can grow to a height of 6 ft.

The Canary Island Date Palm leaves are 2-4 ft long, pinnate, with around 100 leaflets arranged on each side of the central rachis. The leaflets are about 6-10 in. long and narrow, straight and stiff.

Canary Island Date Palm Fruit

The fruit in Canary Island Date Palm is an oval, yellow to orange and is an edible 2 cm drupe with a large seed. It resembles a small, thin-fleshed date.

Canary Island Date Palm Related Plants

Canary Island Date Palm is closely related to Phoenix roebelenii (Pygmy Date Palm).

Canary Island Date Palm for Sale

Buy beautiful and healthy Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) from Etsy.

Canary Island Date Palm Care, Phoenix canariensis Care

Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) Care Indoors

Canary Island Date Palm Light Requirements

Canary Island Date Palm grows best in bright, indirect light but can tolerate some light shade. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to water Canary Island Date Palm

Water Canary Island Date Palm thoroughly until water runs through the drainage hole and allow the top 1-2 inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering in the cold season as growth is minimal.

Use chlorine-free water for watering; like all palms, Canary Island Date Palm is sensitive to chlorine and other chemicsl dissolved in water.

Avoid getting the base of the your Canary Island Date Palm wet to prevent rotting. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Do not allow Canary Island Date Palm to sit in soggy soil as it may lead to root-rot disease and eventual death of the palm.

Temperature for Canary Island Date Palm

Average warmth with a minimum of 120C is ideal for Canary Island Date Palm. If the temperature is comfortable for you it is suitable for this Palm.

Protect your Canary Island Date Palm from cold draughts. Check out this guide on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Canary Island Date Palm

Canary Island Date Palm has no need for high humidity. Mist the leaves frequently or set the pot on a wet pebble tray during hot weather to raise humidity.

Occasionally clean the mature leaves by spraying with a strong jet of running water to get rid of dust. Here is a guide on how to clean houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Canary Island Date Palm

Feed Canary Island Date Palm monthly with a water-soluble fertilizer during the growing period. Water thoroughly until the solution comes out through the drainage holes.

Withhold feeding for your Canary Island Date Palm during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time. Read more more on how to feed houseplants.

How to repot Canary Island Date Palm

Repot Canary Island Date Palm every 2-3 years at the beginning of the growing season when the palm has become root-bound.

Use a pot 1-2 sizes larger that has a drainage hole(s). The soil should be free-draining and rich in organic matter.

How to prune Canary Island Date Palm

Pruning Canary Island Date Palm is easy. Cut away the old brown and dry fronds near the soil surface to maintain your plant neat and tidy.

Cut off only old brown and dry fronds from your Canary Island Date Palm. Any frond with green continues to provide food (nutrients) to your palm.

Where Canary Island Date Palm seeds are required for propagation, allow the fruits to mature and drop then cut away the spent flower stalk.

Where Canary Island Date Palm seeds are not required, cut away the flower stalk immediately to prevent your Canary Island Date Palm from wasting energy on developing the flowers and seeds. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) Propagation

Canary Island Date Palm propagation is done exclusively from seeds. Seed germination can take up to 4-6 months and requires keeping the soil moist through out the period.

Buy beautiful and healthy Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) from Etsy.

How to Propagate Canary Island Date Palm from seeds

Sow the seeds in moist soil and place in a warm place. Keep the soil moist through out the period until germination takes place.

Lower the temperature slightly after germination and maintain the soil moist until the new Canary Island Date Palm is well established.

Canary Island Date Palm Care, Phoenix canariensis Care

Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) Problems Indoors

Why does my Canary Island Date Palm have leaves with brown tips?

There are four reasons for brown leaf tips in your Canary Island Date Palm. Trim off the brown tips with sterilized scissors.

One reason for brown leaf tips in your Canary Island Date Palm is dry air (low humidity).

Raise humidity for your Canary Island Date Palm by more frequent misting or set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second reason for brown leaf tips in your Canary Island Date Palm is underwatering. Keep the soil moderately moist at all times for your Canary Island Date Palm during the growing season.

Reduce watering for your Canary Island Date Palm during the cold season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

The third reason for brown leaf tips in your Canary Island Date Palm is cold draughts. Protect your Canary Island Date Palm from draughts to maintain an average warmth with a minimum of 120C.

The fourth reason for brown leaf tips in your Canary Island Date Palm is is damage by touching. Place your Canary Island Date Palm from the line of traffic.

Why are the leaves of my Canary Island Date Palm turning yellow?

Underwatering Canary Island Date Palm is the reason for yellowing leaves.

Water your Canary Island Date Palm thoroughly during the growing season and allow the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Why does my Canary Island Date Palm have leaves with brown spots?

There are two possible causes of brown leaf spots on your Canary Island Date Palm. Remove the affected leaves and discard.

One cause of brown leaf spots on your Canary Island Date Palm is overwatering. Keep the soil moderately moist at all times during the growing season but not soggy.

Ensure the pot for your Canary Island Date Palm has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to avoid getting soggy soil.

The second causes of brown leaf spots on your Canary Island Date Palm is sudden decrease of temperature due to cold draughts.

Protect your Canary Island Date Palm from draughts to maintain an average warmth with a minimum of 120C.

Why does my Canary Island Date Palm have brown leaves?

The lower leaves of your Canary Island Date Palm may turn brown and droop due to age; remove by cutting and not pulling.

If the browning of the leaves of your Canary Island Date Palm is general and accompanied by rotting, the reason is root-rot disease due to soggy soil.

Which plant pests attack Canary Island Date Palm?

Canary Island Date Palm is rarely attacked by pests. However, common pests are Red Spider Mites, Scales and Mealy Bugs.

Regularly check underneath the leaves of your Canary Island Date Palm for these pests. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to the other houseplants.

Is Canary Island Date Palm toxic?

The foliage of Canary Island Date Palm (Phoenix canariensis) is non-toxic to both humans and pets.

However, Canary Island Date palm bears sharp spines at the base of the frond which are extremely sharp and toxic. They often snap off once they penetrate the skin and may cause pain and swelling in the affected part of the body.

Always wear leather gloves, eye protection and thick clothing when handling this palm.

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