How to grow and care for Parallel Peperomia Plant (Peperomia puteolata) Indoors

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Parallel Peperomia, Peperomia puteolata

Botanical name: Peperomia puteolata
Synonym: Peperomia tetragona
Family: Piperaceae
Common name Parallel Peperomia

Parallel Peperomia Description

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) is a trailing plant which produces cascading stems with a spread of about 16 inches. It bears leaves with attractive patterns similar to the stripes found on watermelon rinds.

The leaves in Parallel Peperomia are oval-shaped, patterned in dark green and white and grow in whorls around the plant stems. The stems are a deep maroon or reddish color.

The compact size and beautiful foliage make Parallel Peperomia perfect for a hanging basket or as a tabletop plant.

Parallel Peperomia Origin

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) is native to South America where it is found growing on forest floors with a fast spreading nature.

Parallel Peperomia, Peperomia puteolata

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) Care Indoors

Parallel Peperomia Light Requirements

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) grows best in bright to semi-shade (partial shade). It can also grow under a grow light where the natural light is not adequate.

Too little light will result in leggy plants and loss of leaf color. Keep the plant away from direct sunshine as it can lead to scorching of the leaves. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

Parallel Peperomia Watering

Water Parallel Peperomia liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to slightly dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering for your Parallel Peperomia during the cold season to keep the soil barely moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure the pot for your Parallel Peperomia has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead in root-rot disease.


Temperature for Parallel Peperomia

Average warmth in the range of 15-260C is ideal for Parallel Peperomia.

Protect the plant from cold draughts as they can cause leaf drop. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Parallel Peperomia

Parallel Peperomia thrives in a humid environment. To raise humidity, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Parallel Peperomia can also grow in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained. Read more on how to make a terrarium for houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Parallel Peperomia

Feed Parallel Peperomia with a balanced, liquid fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing period.

Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn and eventual death of the plant. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Parallel Peperomia

Repot Parallel Peperomia during the growing season only when the plant has become pot-bound. Use a pot one size larger than the current one to avoid over potting.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease and the death of the plant.

Parallel Peperomia Soil

The best soil for Parallel Peperomia should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients. Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal for Parallel Peperomia.

How to Prune Parallel Peperomia

Pruning Parallel Peperomia involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

To encourage a bushy, compact growth for your Parallel Peperomia, regularly pinch off the growing tips.

As Parallel Peperomia ages, it becomes straggly therefore, cut back the stems during the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) Propagation

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) can be propagated in 3 ways; from leaf and stem-tip cuttings or by plant division.

1. How to propagate Parallel Peperomia from leaf cuttings in water

Parallel Peperomia leaf cuttings root easily, therefore there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take leaf cuttings from a healthy Parallel Peperomia and ensure each leaf cutting has a petiole.

Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of your Parallel Peperomia leaf cuttings to prevent rotting.

Place the leaf Parallel Peperomia cuttings in a jar of clean plain water or in a propagation station and change the water every 5-7 days.

Place the set up in warm, well-lit place until growth begins at the base of the cuttings leaf petiole. Allow enough time for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves.

Transfer the rooted Parallel Peperomia cuttings to individual pots in free-draining soil and place in a warm, well-lit place. For a fuller plant, plant several rooted cuttings in one pot.

Maintain the soil moist until the new Parallel Peperomia are well established after which you can begin routine care.

2. How to propagate Parallel Peperomia from stem-tip cuttings

Parallel Peperomia stem-tip cuttings root easily, therefore, there is no need for a rooting hormone.

Take stem cuttings of about 4-5 in. length from a healthy Parallel Peperomia and ensure each cutting has at least 2 sets of leaves.

Allow some time for the formation of a protective callus tissue over the cuts of the cuttings to prevent rotting.

When callused, insert the cuttings in moist, free-draining soil and place in warm, well-lit place.

Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges and substantial growth has been observed.

Transfer the rooted Parallel Peperomia stem cuttings to individual pots and begin routine care. For a fuller plant, plant several cuttings in one pot.

3. How to propagate Parallel Peperomia by division

Water the Parallel Peperomia thoroughly at least 1 day before to make it easier to divide and also hasten establishment. A well hydrated plant suffers less shock and takes a shorter time to take root.

Take out your Parallel Peperomia from its pot and divide it into several sections. Ensure each section has adequate roots for faster establishment.

Pot these Parallel Peperomia sections in individual pots in moist, free-draining soil and place the set up in a warm, well-lit place.

Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges on the sections and allow the new Parallel Peperomia to be well established before transplanting after which you can begin routine care.

Parallel Peperomia, Peperomia puteolata

Photo Credit: Soil Seed and Garden

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) Problems Indoors

Parallel Peperomia brown leaf tips and edges

Brown leaf tips and edges in your Parallel Peperomia are due to sudden drops in temperature from cold draughts.

Remove all the damaged leaves to keep the plant neat and tidy. Protect the Parallel Peperomia from cold draughts like windy doors, drafty windows, air conditioners and maintain an average warmth within the range of 15-260C.

Parallel Peperomia dropping leaves

There are many and varied possible causes of dropping leaves in Parallel Peperomia. One possible cause of dropping leaves in your Parallel Peperomia is temperature is too low.

Move your Parallel Peperomia to a warmer spot away from cold draughts and maintain an average room temperature.

The second possible cause of dropping leaves in your Parallel Peperomia is the plant has been underwatered causing the foliage to wilt.

Water your Parallel Peperomia liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to dry out between waterings but reduce watering during the cold season.

Here is an outline on 12 reasons why Peperomia is dropping leaves (with solutions).

Parallel Peperomia brown, shrivelled leaves

The cause of brown and shrivelled leaves in Parallel Peperomia is too dry air. Parallel Peperomia prefers a humid environment.

To raise humidity for Parallel Peperomia, set the pot on wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier. read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

You can also grow your Parallel Peperomia in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained. Read more on how to make a terrarium for houseplants.

Parallel Peperomia dry and shrivelled leaves

Excess soluble salts in the soil from the water or excess feeding will cause dry shrivelled leaves in Parallel Peperomia.

Regularly flush out the salts from the soil for your Parallel Peperomia by running a stream of water through the soil until it comes out through the drainage holes and repeat the process several times.

Parallel Peperomia leggy stems

Leggy stems in Parallel Peperomia are due to low light. Cut back the stems to rejuvenate growth and move your Parallel Peperomia to a brighter spot. It can also grow under a grow light if the natural light is not adequate.

Parallel Peperomia wilted, discolored leaves

Soggy soil for Parallel Peperomia is the cause of wilted and discolored leaves and corky swellings under the leaves.

This is an indication of root-rot disease. Isolate the affected Parallel Peperomia and treat it appropriately for the disease.

Parallel Peperomia diseases

Parallel Peperomia diseases; leaf spot disease and root-rot. Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the disease.

Parallel Peperomia pests

Parallel Peperomia pests; spider mites, whiteflies and mealy bugs. Isolate the affected plant and treat it appropriately for the pests.

Is Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) toxic?

Parallel Peperomia (Peperomia puteolata) like other Peperomia Plants is non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.

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