Botanical name: Peperomia puteolata
Synonym: Peperomia tetragona
Parallel Peperomia Plant is a trailing plant which produces cascading stems with a spread of about 16 inches. The plant bears leaves with attractive patterns similar to the stripes found on watermelon rinds. The leaves are oval-shaped, patterned in dark green and white and grow in whorls around the plant stems. The stems are a deep maroon or reddish color. The compact size and beautiful foliage make Parallel Peperomia perfect for a hanging basket or as a tabletop plant. Parallel Peperomia is native to South America where it is found growing on forest floors with a fast spreading nature.
Parallel Peperomia Plant prefers bright to semi-shade (partial shade). It will also thrive under flourescent light. Too little light will result in leggy plants. Keep it away from direct sunshine as it can lead to scorching of the leaves. Learn how to ensure your plant receives the correct light in this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Parallel Peperomia Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the soil to slightly dry out between waterings. Significantly reduce watering during the cold season to keep the soil barely moist. Avoid waterlogging as it can lead in root-rot. Learn more on how to water houseplants.
Average warmth between 15-260C is ideal for Parallel Peperomia Plant. Protect the plant from cold draughts as the cause leaf drop. Learn more on temperature for houseplants.
Parallel Peperomia Plant thrives in a high humidity environment. Mist leaves frequently or set pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity.
Feed Parallel Peperomia Plant with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer once a month during the growing period. Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time may lead to fertilizer burn. Learn more on feeding houseplants.
Repot Parallel Peperomia Plant during the growing season only when the plant has become pot-bound. Use a rich, free-draining soil and a pot one size larger. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole(s) to prevent waterlogging which can lead to root-rot.
Pruning Parallel Peperomia Plant involves regular removal of dead foliage to maintain the plant neat and tidy. To encourage a bushy, compact growth, regularly pinch of the growing tips. As the plants age, they become straggly. Cut back the stems during the growing season to rejuvenate growth. Learn more on how to prune houseplants.
Parallel Peperomia Plant can be propagated from seeds, leaf and stem-tip cuttings or by division.
Propagating Parallel Peperomia Plants from seeds
Sow Parallel Peperomia Plants seeds at the beginning of the growing season in moist soil. Place the set up in a warm shaded place. Maintain the soil moist until the seeds germinate. Once germinated, move the set up to a cool shaded place and maintain the soil moist until the plants are well established.
Propagating Parallel Peperomia Plants from leaf cuttings
Leaf cuttings root easily, there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take leaf cuttings from a healthy Parallel Peperomia Plant. Ensure each leaf cutting has a petiole. Allow sometime for the formation of a protective callous tissue over the cuts. Place the leaf cuttings in a jar of clean plain water and change the water every 7-10 days. Place in warm shaded place until growth begins at the base of the petiole. Allow for substantial growth of the roots and new leaves. Transfer to individual pots and place in a cool shaded place. Maintain the soil moist until the plant is well established. For a fuller plant, plant several plants in one pot.
Propagating Parallel Peperomia Plants from stem-tip cuttings
Stem-tip cuttings root easily, there is no need for a rooting hormone. Take stem-tip cuttings of about 4-5 in. length from a healthy Parallel Peperomia Plant. Ensure each cutting has at least 2 sets of leaves. Allow sometime for the formation of a protective callous tissue over the cuts. Insert the cuttings in moist rooting soil. Place in warm shaded place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges and substantial growth has been observed. Transfer to individual pots and begin routine care. For a fuller plant plant several cuttings in one pot.
Propagating Parallel Peperomia Plants by division
Take out the Parallel Peperomia Plant from its pot and divide it into several sections. Pot up these sections in individual pots. Place in a cool shaded place. Maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges. Allow the new Parallel Peperomia Plants to be well established before transplanting.
Brown leaf tips and edges in Parallel Peperomia Plant are due to sudden drop in temperature from cold draughts. Remove all the damaged leaves and keep plants away from cold draughts.
The cause of brown and shrivelled leaves in Parallel Peperomia Plant is too dry air. Parallel Peperomia Plant prefers a humid environment. To raise humidity, set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Parallel Peperomia Plant can also be grown in a terrarium as high humidity can be maintained.
Excess soluble salts in the soil from the water or excess feeding will cause dry shrivelled leaves in Parallel Peperomia Plant; flush out the salts by running a stream of water through the soil until it comes out through the drainage holes. Repeat several times.
Leggy stems in Parallel Peperomia Plant are due to low light. Cut back the stems to rejuvenate growth and move the plant to a brighter spot.
Waterlogging of Parallel Peperomia Plant is the cause of these. This is an indication of Root-rot disease.
Parallel Peperomia Plant (Peperomia puteolata) are non-toxic to humans and pets. The plants are safe to grow indoors.