12 Types of Begonia Plants Varieties with Names and Pictures
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Begonia are perennial flowering plants in the family Begoniaceae which are popular for indoor growing on account of their spectacular foliage and beautiful blooms.
The Begonia genus comprises of about 2000 species which are native to the moist subtropical and tropical regions in South and Central America, Africa and Southern Asia.
Begonias require medium to bright, indirect light and warm, humid conditions inorder to thrive.
The best soil for growing Begonias should be consistently moist, free-draining and rich in organic matter.
Buy beautiful and healthy Begonia Plants from Etsy.
We have herebelow outlined some Begonia varieties that you can grow indoors successfully.
Different Kinds of Begonia Plants
1. Begonia coccinea (Angel Wing Begonia)
Angel Wing Begonia also called Scarlet Begonia is an evergreen shrubby plant which bears large, glossy, red-margined leaves. The leaves are 'angel wing' shaped and hence the common name.
The waxy flowers are large clusters which hang from the stems. The flowers come in red, white, orange and pink.
Angel Wing Begonia is a cane-stemmed Begonia which can reach the height of 6 ft or more if left unpruned. Learn more on how to grow and care for Begonia coccinea indoors.
2. Begonia lucerna
Begonia Lucerna is an evergreen flowering Begonia which may be less spectacular in bloom than other Begonias but has the advantage of keeping its beautiful 'Angel Wing' leaves through out the year.
The leaves are narrow "Angel Wings", olive green with small silver spots on the top and often red-veined. The flowers are large clusters which hang from the stems.
Begonia lucerna is a cane-stemmed Begonia and can grow to the height of 10 ft or more if left unpruned. Read more on how to grow and care for Begonia lucerna indoors.
3. Begonia maculata (Polka Dot Begonia)
Polka Dot Begonia also called Begonia maculata, Trout Begonia or Spotted Begonia is an evergreen shrubby plant which bears large, glossy, olive-green leaves blotched with white dot-like spots and hence the common name.
This Begonia may be less spectacular in bloom than other Begonias but has the advantage of keeping its beautiful "Angel Wing" leaves through out the year.
Begonia maculata is a cane-stemmed Begonia and can reach the height of 8 ft or more if left unpruned. Learn how to grow and care for Begonia maculata indoors.
4. Begonia rex (Painted-leaf Begonia)
Painted-leaf Begonia also called Fancy Leaf Begonia is an easy to grow Begonia which is grown for its foliage display where the large, lop-sided, spectacular leaves occur in various hues.
Begonia Rex has a clumping growth habit with the foliage tightly packed together. The leaves arise from rhizomes and may be ruffled, puckered, spotted, streaked, waxy, smooth and so on.
The Begonia Rex grows to a height of 1-2 ft and about the same width. Read more on how to grow and care for Begonia rex indoors.
5. Begonia semperflorens (Wax Begonia)
Wax Begonia is a small leafy bush which blooms almost the year round. It is easy to grow and easily adapts to indoor growing conditions.
The Wax Begonia hybrids have a wide range of flower types in red, white, orange and pink. Newer Wax Begonia hybrids are regularly developed which are more compact and have bigger blooms.
The Wax Begonia grows to about 6-12 in. high and is the easiest to grow of the flowering Begonias. Learn more on how to grow and care for Begonia semperflorens indoors.
6. Begonia grandis (Hardy Begonia)
Hardy Begonia is a tuberous Begonia which bears alternate simple leaves on arching stems. The leaves are olive green with red veining and colorful undersides.
The flowers are clusters of pink or white borne at the tips of the pink-red arching stems and appear in late summer.
Hardy Begonia is a perennial plant which can grow to a height of 2 ft and 2 ft wide. It easily propagates from bulbils borne on the leaf axils.
7. Begonia glabra (Climbing Sorrel)
Begonia glabra is a vining Begonia which bears shiny leaves and grows roots which clasp on anything they can find as it climbs. Under good lighting, the young leaves are a bright red color which fades to green as they mature.
Climbing Sorrel is native to South and Central America and Mexico where it grows as an epiphyte, climbing on trees. Due to its high requirement for warm, humid conditions, it does well in a terrarium.
8. Begonia luxurians (Palm Leaf Begonia)
Palm Leaf Begonia bears large, palmate leaves with coppery undersides on red-purple, cane-like stems.
The flowers are pale yellow to white and fragrant which appear in spring through summer.
Begonia luxurians is native to the rainforests of Brazil. This palm-like Begonia is a large plant which grows to a height of about 9 ft.
9. Begonia obliqua
Begonia obliqua is a hardy, tuberous Begonia which forms a bushy mound and grows to a height of about 2 ft.
It is grown for the foliage. The leaves are large, obliquely ovate and olive-green colored. The inflorescence is a cluster of pendant white flowers.
This Begonia obliqua is native to Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe where it grows in warm, humid conditions and consistently moist soil that is rich in organic matter.
10. Begonia quadrialata
Begonia quadrialata is a compact, rhizomatous Begonia which bears green leaves with dark-red veins and grows to a height of 8 inch.
It bears small hairs on the edges of the leaves and on the leaf petioles.
Begonia quadrialata is native to Central Africa to Angola where it grows in warm, humid conditions. This coupled with its compact size make it ideal for a terrarium.
11. Begonia sanguinea (Blood-red Begonia)
Blood-red Begonia also called Beefsteak Begonia bears large, thick, brownish-gree leaves and pendant stems.
The flowers are white and appear in winter through spring. The plant grows to a height of 1.5-2 ft.
Blood-red Begonia is native to Southern Brazil. It is easily propagated and is ideal for a hanging basket.
12. Begonia cleopatrae (Mapleleaf Begonia)
Mapleleaf Begonia a low maintenance, rhizomatous, bushy Begonia which bears large, thick, red leaves with pale green marks down the center and pale strippings around the edges.
The flowers are clusters of small, pale-pink flowers which appear in winter through spring.
Mapleleaf Begonia is native to Philippines. It grows to a height of 2 ft and 2 ft wide and grows best in a terrarium.