How to Care for Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) Indoors

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Bird of Paradise Plant, Strelitzia reginae

Botanical name: Strelitzia reginae
Family: Streliziaceae
Common names: Bird of Paradise Plant, Crane Flower

Bird of Paradise Plant Description

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) also called Crane Flower is one of the most spectacular flowering plants that can be grown indoors. The vivid bright orange and blue flowers on top of tall stalks and surrounded by large leaves can last for several weeks.

The flowers in Bird of Paradise Plant fan out from the spathe, forming a crane bird-like crest. The plant may take up to 4-6 years before flowering starts but each spathe will produce several flowers in succession.

The common names, 'Crane Flower' and 'Bird of Paradise' refer to the open flower's resemblance to the head and beak of a colorful exotic bird.

Bird of Paradise Plant requires adequate space to grow but it is easy to grow and care for. It requires bright light with some sunshine inorder to bloom.

Bird of Paradise Plant Origin

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) is an evergreen perennial plant indigenous to South Africa.

Buy beautiful and healthy Bird of Paradise Plants (Strelitzia reginae) from Etsy.

Bird of Paradise Plant, Strelitzia reginae

Photo Credit: Home Depot

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) Care Indoors

Bird of Paradise Plant Light Requirements

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) grows best under bright light with at least 4-6 hours of sunshine.

Do not expose your Bird of Paradise Plant to direct sunlight before acclimatizing it as it can lead to sunburn marks (brown leaf spots). Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Bird of Paradise Plant

Water Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) thoroughly during the hot season and allow the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease which is indicated by yellowing and droopy leaves.

Avoid wetting the leaves as it can lead to fungal diseases.


Temperature for Bird of Paradise Plant

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) thrives in cool to average room temperature between 13-270C .

Protect your Bird of Paradise Plant from draughts to avoid crispy leaf edges and wilting. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Bird of Paradise Plant

Bird of Paradise Plant requires humid conditions inorder to thrive. Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Regularly clean the leaves by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust and reduce infestation by pests. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Bird of Paradise Plant

Feed Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) with a phosphorous-rich, water-soluble fertilizer every 4 weeks during the growing season.

Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Prune Bird of Paradise Plant

Prune Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) by removing dead blooms and leaves to maintain your plant neat and tidy.

Cut the dead Bird of Paradise Plant leaves at the base with a sharp knife or a pair of scissors.

How to Repot Bird of Paradise Plant

Repot the young Bird of Paradise Plants (Strelitzia reginae) at the beginning of the growing season in a pot one size larger than the previous one.

Mature Bird of Paradise Plants do not require very frequent repotting as the plant prefers to be root-bound to enhance flowering.

Ensure the pot has a draining hole and the soil is free-draining soil to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.

Soil for Bird of Paradise Plant

The best soil for Bird of Paradise Plant should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients.

Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal for Bird of Paradise Plant. Buy quality Potting Mix for your Bird of Paradise Plant from Etsy.

Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae) Propagation

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) propagation can be done at the beginning of the growing season from seeds or by plant division at repotting time.

How to propagate Bird of Paradise Plant from seeds

Sow the Bird of Paradise Plant seeds about 0.5-1 in. deep in moist free-draining soil.

Cover the set up with clear polythene to create warm and humid conditions which hastens germination and establishment of the plants.

Place the set up in a warm brightly-lit place and maintain the soil moist thorough out and avoid soggy soil as it can cause rotting.

Germination should occur in about 8 weeks. Allow the Bird of Paradise Plants to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

How to Propagate Plant Bird of Paradise by plant division

During repotting, divide the mother Bird of Paradise Plant into several sections while ensuring each divison has some roots.

Pot the sections in moist free-draining soil in individual pots.

Place the set up in a cool place and maintain the soil moist until new growth emerges on the sections.

Ensure the crown sections is above the soil level to avoid rotting.

Allow the new Bird of Paradise Plants to be well established before transplanting after which routine care can begin.

Bird of Paradise Plant, Strelitzia reginae

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) Problems Indoors

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) problems indoors are caused by cultural faults like improper watering, cold draughts (drafts), low humidity and inadequate light. Read on for remedies and solutions to these problems.

Bird of Paradise Plant brown leaf tips

There are two possible reasons for brown leaf tips in Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae).

One reason possible reason for brown leaf tips in Bird of Paradise Plant is that the air is too dry (low humidity).

Bird of Paradise Plant grows best in humid conditions. Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Bird of Paradise Plant. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second possible reason for brown leaf tips in Bird of Paradise Plant is soggy soil (too wet soil).

Ensure the pot has a draining hole and the soil is free-draining soil to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

Also, reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Bird of Paradise Plant yellowing leaves

There are two possible causes of yellowing leaves in Bird of Paradise Plant.

One possible cause of yellowing leaves in Bird of Paradise Plant is soggy soil (too wet soil).

Ensure the pot has a draining hole and the soil is free-draining soil to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

Also, reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

The second possible cause of yellowing leaves in Bird of Paradise Plant is cold draughts resulting in sudden drop in temperature and too cold temperatures.

Protect the Bird of Paradise Plant from cold draughts or place it away from windy doors and windows to avoid sudden changes in temperature.

Bird of Paradise Plant brown leaf spots

Brown leaf spots in Bird of Paradise Plant are sunburn marks caused by exposure to direct hot sunlight before acclimatizing the plant.

Gradually acclimatize the Bird of Paradise Plant before exposing it to the hot direct sunshine outside. Move it to a slightly brighter spot every so often until it can withstand direct sunlight.

Bird of Paradise Plant drooping leaves and stems

There are four possible causes of drooping leaves and stems in Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae).

One possible cause of drooping leaves and stems in Bird of Paradise Plant is low humidity.

Bird of Paradise Plant grows best in humid conditions. Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second possible cause of drooping leaves and stems in Bird of Paradise Plant is incorrect watering; either underwatering or overwatering.

Maintain the soil moist during the growing season while allowing the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out and never allow the soil ball to dry out completely. Read more on how to water houseplants.

The third possible cause of drooping leaves and stems in Bird of Paradise Plant is too high temperature due to exposure to direct sunlight or hot air.

Protect the Bird of Paradise Plant from direct sunlight and keep it away from hot air vents or any heat source.

The fourth possible cause of drooping leaves and stems in Bird of Paradise Plant is pests and diseases infestation.

Regularly inspect your Bird of Paradise Plant for diseases and pests and take appropriate control measures for these pests and diseases.

Bird of Paradise Plant not blooming (flowering)

There are two possible reasons why Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) will not bloom (flower).

One possible reason why the Bird of Paradise Plant is not blooming (flowering) is too little light.

Move the Bird of Paradise Plant to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light with some direct sunshine but away from direct hot sunlight.

The second possible reasons why the Bird of Paradise Plant is not blooming (flowering) is underfeeding.

Feed your Bird of Paradise Plant every 4 weeks with a phosphorous-rich, water-soluble fertilizer during the growing season to enhance flowering.

Bird of Paradise Plant pests

The common pests in Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) are Spider Mites, Aphids and Fungus Gnats.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.

Bird of Paradise Plant diseases

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) is prone to root-rot disease which is promoted by soggy soil.

Ensure that the pot has a draining hole and the soil is free-draining soil to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

Also, reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist as growth is minimal at this time. Read more on how to water houseplants.

Is Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) toxic?

Bird of Paradise Plant (Strelitzia reginae) is non-toxic to humans but toxic to pets.

If Bird of Paradise Plant is ingested it can cause difficulties in breathing and abdominal pains. Keep Bird of Paradise Plant out of the reach of pets.

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