Botanical name: Leea coccinea Burgundy
Leea Burgundy also called Red Leea, Hawaiian Holly or West Indian Holly 'Rubra' is a rare but a perfect stand alone houseplant.
The foliage in Leea is bronzy red when young but turns green when mature. The variety Burgundy maintains the red foliage color in good light.
Leea Burgundy grows to a height of 6-8 ft. Leea flowers are attractive to wasps, bees, butterflies, flies and bettles which act as potential insect pollinators. However, it rarely blooms when grown indoors.
The Leea Burgundy produces red flowers which later turn pink. The fruits are black berries.
Leea is a genus of plants that are distributed throughout Northern and Eastern Australia, New Guinea, South and Southeast Asia and parts of Africa.
There are about 70 species and they are placed in the Vitaceae family. But based on morphological differences, Leea plants are often placed in their family Leeaceae.
The genus was named by Linnaes after James Lee, the Scottish nurseryman based in Hammersmith, London who introduced many new plant discoveries to England at the end of the 18th century.
Leea Burgundy prefers bright light to light shade away from hot direct sunshine which causes the foliage to become yellowish. Low light causes loss of leaf color in Leea Plant. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants
Water your Leea Burgundy thoroughly during the growing season and maintain the soil consistently moist thorough out the season.
Reduce watering of your Leea Burgundy during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist.
Ensure the pot for your Leea Burgundy has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Average warmth with a minimum of 120C during the growing season is ideal for your Leea Burgundy.
Keep your Leea Burgundy away from draughts at it can lead to leaf drop. Check out this guide on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Average room humidity is ideal for your Leea Burgundy. Leea Burgundy has no need for high humidity.
To get rid of dust from the leaves of your Leea Burgundy, splash the plant with plenty of water from a steady jet of water. Washing your Leea Burgundy also discourages pest infestation.
Feed your Leea Burgundy with a water-soluble fertilizer every 3-4 weeks during the growing season.
Withhold feeding your Leea Burgundy during the cold season as growth is minimal. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot a young Leea Burgundy at the beginning of the growing season into a pot 2 sizes larger than the previous one.
Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot.
Replace the top 2-3 in. of soil every 2-3 years for mature Leea Burgundy plants while taking care not to injure the roots.
Pruning your Leea Burgundy involves removal of any dead leaves to keep it neat and tidy.
Pinch the growing tips to encourage a bushy and compact growth. Cutback the stems at the beginning of the growing season when the plant becomes overgrown to rejuvenate growth.
Leea Burgundy Plant is easily propagated from stem-tip cuttings at the beginning of the growing season.
Stem-tip cuttings are taken from the upper part of the plant. Here is a detailed account on How to Propagate Leea Burgundy Plant.
One cause of yellow leaves accompanied by leaf drop in your Leea Burgundy is incorrect watering, either overwatering or underwatering.
Maintain the soil for your Leea Burgundy consistently moist during the growing season and reduce watering in the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist.
The second cause of yellow leaves accompanied by leaf drop in your Leea Burgundy is cold draughts. Protect your Leea Burgundy plant from cold draughts.
The third cause of yellow leaves accompanied by leaf drop in your Leea Burgundy is sudden change in growing conditions.
Avoid moving your Leea Burgundy suddenly without acclimatizing it to the new growing conditions.
Hot direct sunlight is the cause of yellowing and dark spots on the leaves in your Leea Burgundy.
Leea Burgundy grows best in bright light of light shade away from direct sunlight. Move the plant to a shadier place.
Too little light is the cause of loss of leaf color in your Leea Burgundy Plant.
Leea Burgundy grows best in bright light of light shade away from direct sunlight. Move your Leea Burgundy to a brighter spot.
Stunted growth in Leea Burgundy is caused by inadequate feeding or low light.
Feed your Leea Burgundy every 3-4 weeks during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer.
Ensure your Leea Burgundy is growing in a well-lit spot, though it can tolerate light shade.
Leea Burgundy Plant (Leea coccinea) produces a milky sap which can irritate the skin.
Always wear gloves when handling Leea Burgundy. The plant is toxic to both humans and pets if ingested.