Botanical name: Leea coccinea
Synonym: Leea guineensis
Common names: Leea Burgundy, Red Leea, Hawaiian Holly, West Indian Holly 'Rubra'
Leea Burgundy also called Red Leea, Hawaiian Holly or West Indian Holly 'Rubra' is a rare but a perfect stand alone houseplant whose foliage in young plants is bronzy red but turns green when mature.
Leea coccinea 'Rubra’ is a cultivar which features dark-red stems, bronze-red leaves, red flowers which are pinkish inside and scarlet fruits.
Leea coccinea also called Leea guineensis can grow to a height of 6-8 ft and a width of about 4-5 ft.
Leea flowers are attractive to wasps, bees, butterflies, flies and bettles which act as potential insect pollinators. However, it rarely blooms when grown indoors.
It produces red flowers which later turn pink. The fruits are black berries.
Leea is a genus of plants that are distributed throughout Northern and Eastern Australia, New Guinea, South and Southeast Asia and parts of Africa.
There are about 70 species and they are placed in the Vitaceae family. But based on morphological differences, Leea plants are often placed in their family Leeaceae.
The genus was named by Linnaes after James Lee, the Scottish nurseryman based in Hammersmith, London who introduced many new plant discoveries to England at the end of the 18th century.
Leea Burgundy grows best in bright light to light shade away from hot direct sunshine as it causes the foliage to turn yellowish.
Water Leea Burgundy thoroughly during the growing season and maintain the soil consistently moist thorough out the season.
Reduce watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist. Read more on how to water houseplants.
Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent the soil from getting soggy as it can lead to root-rot disease.
Average warmth within the range of 12-280C during the growing season is ideal for Leea Burgundy.
Keep the plant away from draughts as they can lead to leaf drop. Check out this guide on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Leea Burgundy has no need for high humidity. Average room humidity is ideal for the plant.
To get rid of dust from the leaves and also discourage pest infestation, splash the Leea Burgundy foliage with plenty of water from a steady jet of water. Read more on how to clean houseplants.
Feed Leea Burgundy with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 3-4 weeks during the growing season.
Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time can lead to fertilizer burn. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot a young Leea Burgundy at the beginning of the growing season into a pot 2 sizes larger than the previous one.
Ensure that the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot disease.
Replace the top 2-3 in. of soil every 2-3 years for mature Leea Burgundy plants while taking care not to injure the roots as it can lead to disease infestation.
Pruning Leea Burgundy involves removal of yellow and dead leaves to keep it neat and tidy.
Pinch the growing tips to encourage a bushy and compact growth. Cutback the stems at the beginning of the growing season when the plant becomes overgrown to rejuvenate growth.
Leea Burgundy propagation is easily done from stem-tip cuttings at the beginning of the growing season.
Stem-tip cuttings are taken from the upper part of the plant. Here is a detailed account on how to propagate Leea Burgundy Plant.
Photo Credit: Wikipedia
Leea Burgundy yellowing and dropping leaves is caused by three possible reasons. One possible cause of yellowing and dropping leaves is incorrect watering; either overwatering or underwatering.
Water Leea Burgundy liberally to maintain the soil consistently moist during the growing season. educe watering in the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist but never allow the soil to dry out completely.
The second possible cause of yellowing and dropping leaves in Leea Burgundy is cold draughts. Protect the plant from cold draughts to maintain an average warmth with a minimum of 120C.
The third possible cause of yellowing and dropping leaves in Leea Burgundy is sudden change in the growing conditions.
Avoid moving Leea Burgundy suddenly before acclimating it to the new growing conditions.
Leea Burgundy yellow and dark leaf spots are due to exposure to hot direct sunlight.
Leea Burgundy grows best in bright light to light shade away from direct sunlight. Move the plant to a shadier place or protect it from direct sunlight.
Leea Burgundy loss of leaf color is due to too little light. The plant grows best in bright light to light shade away from direct sunlight.
Too little light will cause the plant to loss the beautiful leaf color. Move the Leea Burgundy to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light to light shade away from direct sunlight or instal a grow light where natural light is inadequate.
Stunted growth in Leea Burgundy is due to two possible reasons. One possible reason for stunted growth is inadequate feeding (underfeeding).
Feed Leea Burgundy every 3-4 weeks during the growing season with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer but do not feed during the cold season.
The second possible reason for stunted growth in Leea Burgundy is too little light. Leea Burgundy grows best in bright light to light shade away from direct sunlight.
Move Leea Burgundy to a brighter spot where it will receive bright light to light shade but away from direct sunlight or instal a grow light where natural light is inadequate.
Leea Burgundy (Leea coccinea) produces a milky sap which can irritate the skin. Always wear gloves when handling the plant. The plant is toxic to both humans and pets if ingested.