Creeping Fig (Ficus pumila) Care Indoors, Propagation and Problems

Ficus pumila commonly called Creeping Fig or Climbing Fig is a lowly plant which is useful as a trailer or climber which produces a dense green carpet and is one of the best indoor ground covers.

The stems will cling to any damp surface, making it an excellent climber up to a height of 4 m.

Its aerial roots produce a translucent latex that hardens on drying, allowing the plant to adhere to their support.

Ficus pumila has a high requirement for humidity which makes it perfect for growing in a terrarium.

The long trailing stems make it ideal for a hanging basket, a table top plant or on a shelf.

The Latin name "pumila" comes from the word "pumilus" meaning dwarf and refers to the very small leaves.

Creeping Fig, Ficus pumila

Botanical name: Ficus pumila
Synonym: Ficus repens
Family: Moraceae
Common names: Creeping Fig, Climbing Fig


Ficus pumila also called Ficus repens is native to East Asia (China, Japan and Vietnam).


Creeping Fig can become invasive, covering structures and landscape features if not maintained and its growth contained.

As it climbs on buildings and wooden structures, the woody tendrils can cling or root in and damage structures and or their surfaces.

Varieties and Cultivars

Ficus pumila comes in many varieties like Ficus pumila 'Minima' which has smaller leaves and Ficus pumila 'Variegata' has heart-shaped, thumbnail-sized leaves with broad white margins on wiry stems among others.

The cultivars include;

Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang (Awkeotsang Creeping Fig)

Ficus pumila var. quercifolia (Oak Leaf Creeping Fig or Miniature Oakleaf Fig).

Ficus pumila 'Curly' (Curly Creeping Fig or Crinkled Leaf Form) has green leaves with a cream center and crinkled leaves.


Like other plants in the Moraceae family, Creeping Fig (Ficus pumila) sap may cause a skin inflammation in sensitive skin as stated by Wikipedia. Always wear gloves when handling Creeping Fig.

Where to Buy

Are you looking to add this creeper to your plant collection? Creeping Fig in various sizes is available online on Etsy Shops.

Ficus pumila Care Indoors

Creeping Fig (Ficus pumila) prefers medium to bright, indrect light away from direct sunlight, warm and humid conditions and consistently moist, fertile, well-drained soils coupled with monthly feeding during the growing season.

Ficus pumila requires regular pruning to keep it neat and also encourage a bushy growth. Repotting is only needed when it becomes pot-bound. Keep reading for more on these growing conditions and how to achieve them.

Creeping Fig, Ficus pumila

Water Requirements

Water Creeping Fig liberally during the growing season while allowing the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings to keep soil moist at all times.

Significantly decrease watering during the cold season to maintain the soil slightly moist but do not allow the soil to dry out completely.

Avoid overwatering and soggy soil as it can result in root-rot disease and death of the plant.

Light Requirements

Creeping Fig grows best in a medium to bright indirect light. It can also grow under grow light where natural lighting is not adequate. Get full spectrum grow lights from Amazon.

Keep the Ficus pumila away from direct sunlight as it can burn the leaves causing dry shrivelled leaves.

Rotate the pot regularly to ensure that the plant receives light on all sides for even growth.

Temperature and Humidity

The best temperature for growing Creeping Fig indoors is an average warmth with a minumum of 120C. Keep it away from draughts to prevent sudden changes in temperature as it can lead to leaf drop.

Creeping Fig has a high need for high humidity inorder for it to thrive. To raise humidity, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or grow the plant in a bathroom or other moist areas in the home. Check out our post on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Climbing Fig can also be grown in a closed terrarium as a high humidity can be maintained in a closed terrarium. It is one of the best plants for a closed terrarium.

Occasionally clean the leaves by washing them under a steady stream of water from a hose to get rid of dust and discourage pest infestation.

Potting Mix

Soil for Creeping Fig should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients.

Multipurpose potting mixes are ideal for Climbing Fig. Purchase quality potting mix online from Etsy.


Feed Creeping Fig monthly during the growing period with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Stop feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time can lead to fertilizer burn.


Repot Creeping Fig at the beginning of the growing season only when it has become pot-bound. Avoid frequent repotting as it prefers to be pot-bound.

Repot only when the plant has outgrown its current pot; when roots begin to grow through the drainage holes.

Use a pot 1 size larger than the current one and one that has a drainage hole to avoid getting soggy soil. Take a look at these Pots with Multi Mesh Drainage Holes on Amazon.

Never allow the roots of the Climbing Fig to sit in soggy soil as it may lead to leaf drop and root-rot disease.


Pruning Creeping Fig involves removal of dead and yellow leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy. To encourage a compact and bushy growth, pinch off the growing tips regularly.

If the Climbing Fig becomes unruly, cutback the stems to rejuvenate growth. The foliage emanating from the pruning, can be used to propagate new plants.


Creeping Fig (Ficus pumila) can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season from stem-tip cuttings.

How to Propagate Creeping Fig from Stem-tip Cuttings

Take stem-tip cuttings of about 6 in. long from a healthy Creeping Fig.

Strip off the lower lower leaves from the cutting and retain at least 2 sets of leaves on top.

Insert the cutting in moist rooting soil. Ensure the rooting container has adequate drainage to avoid getting soggy soil as it can lead to rotting.

To hasten rooting of the cutting, create a mini-greenhouse by covering the set up with a polythene sheet or bag.

Ensure the leaves of the cutting do not touch the sheet or bag too much by propping it up with sticks.

Place the set up in warm, well-lit spot and maintain the soil moist through out until new growth emerges. New growth indicates that the cutting has rooted.

Gradually over a period of two weeks, remove the plastic bag cover to acclimatize the new plant.

In 2-3 months, there will be adequate root development and and routine care for the new Climbing Fig can begin.

Creeping Fig, Ficus pumila

Ficus pumila Problems

Creeping Fig (Ficus pumila) problems include plant death, leaf drop, yellow leaves, shrivelled leaves, pests and diseases among others. Keep reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.

Plant death (dying)

Creeping Fig is easy to grow when the right growing conditions are provided. When these conditions are not present, the plant may begin to die.

Ficus pumila may die if the growing conditions are wrong like overwatering, underwatering, improper feeding, hot direct sunlight, incorrect temperature, poor quality soil, diseases and pests among others. Here are 10 Reasons why Creeping Fig is Dying and their Solutions..

Leaf drop

There are four possible causes of leaf drop in Creeping Fig. One possible cause of leaf drop is any changes in the growing conditions like soggy soil.

Ensure the pot has a drainage hole and the soil is free-draining to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

The second possible cause of leaf drop in Climbing Fig is low temperature.

Keep the plant away from cold draughts to avoid a drop in temperature to maintain an average warmth with a minumum of 120C.

The third possible cause of leaf drop in Ficus pumila is too little light.

Move the plant to a brighter spot and ensure it is receiving medium to bright, indirect light away from direct sunshine or instal a grow light if the natural lighting is not adequate.

The fourth possible cause of leaf drop in Creeping Fig is overfeeding.

Do not feed Climbing Fig during the cold season as growth is minimal at this time.

Loss of the lowest leaves

This is a normal occurence in Creeping Fig. As the plant matures, a degree of legginess will be observed after a few years. Cut back the leggy stems to rejuvenate growth for Ficus pumila.

Dry and shrivelled leaves

There are three possible causes of dry and shrivelled leaves in Creeping Fig. One possible cause is exposure to direct sunlight.

Protect the plant from direct sunlight or move it away from direct sunlight.

The second cause of dry and shrivelled leaves in Climbing Fig is low humidity.

To raise humidity for the plant, set the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier or grow the plant in a bathroom.

You can also grow Ficus pumila in a terrarium as a high humidity can be maintained in a terrarium.

The third cause of dry and shrivelled leaves in Creeping Fig is due to allowing the soil to dry out completely.

Maintain the soil moist at all times and never allow the soil to dry out completely even in the cold season.

Yellowing leaf edges

Underfeeding Creeping Fig is the reason for yellowing of the leaves at the edges. Monthly feed it with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer through out the growing period is recommended.


The common pests in Creeping Fig are Aphids, Mealy Bugs, Scale Insects and Spider Mites. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other plants. Read on how to identify and get rid of pests in houseplants.

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