How to grow and care for Cyclamen Plant (Cyclamen persicum) Indoors

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Cyclamen Care, Cyclamen persicum Care

Photo Credit: The Journal

Botanical name: Cyclamen persicum
Family: Primulaceae

Cyclamen Plant Description

Cyclamen is a cool climate plant which bears beautiful flowers and decorative foliage but can not last very long under room conditions. However, with proper care, Cyclamen will bloom indoors for several months.

The low-growing Cyclamen, is a compact plant that is ideal for where space is limited for instance it is perfect for a window sill or a hanging basket.

The leaves in Cyclamen are heart-shaped, fleshy and smooth-textured. The upper leaf surface has a green-silvery marbled color and the underside may be pale-green or reddish.

Cyclamen Plant Size

Cyclamens are herbaceous perennial plants which grow from a tuber to a height of about 1 ft.

Cyclamen Plant Flower

Cyclamen persicum blooms from winter to spring. The flower are usually white to pink with a band of deep-pink at the base. The flower stalk is a long upright stem that rises above the leaves.

Cyclamen Plant Origin

Cyclamen persicum is native to North Africa across West Asia to Southeast Europe.

Cyclamen Care, Cyclamen persicum Care

Photo Credit: Platform

Cyclamen Plant (Cyclamen persicum) Care Indoors

Cyclamen Plant Light Requirements

Cyclamen Plant grows best in bright light away from direct sunlight. Cyclamen will also thrive under flourescent light. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to Water Cyclamen Plant

Keep the soil consistently moist for Cyclamen Plant but not soggy. Allow the top 1-2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings.

Avoid wetting the foliage of your Cyclamen and water from the bottom or use the immersion method. Wetting the foliage can lead to crown and stem rot disease. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Cyclamen Plant

Cyclamen Plant grows best in cool temperatures between 10-180C. Protect your Cyclamen Plant from cold and hot draughts to avoid sudden changes in temperature. Read more on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Cyclamen Plant

Cyclamen Plant requires humid conditions inorder to thrive. Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Cyclamen. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Regularly clean the leaves of your Cyclamen Plant by damp-wiping with a soft cloth. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

Do not wash or mist the leaves of your Cyclamen Plant as it can lead to crown and stem rot disease.

Ensure good air circulation for your Cyclamen to prevent fungal infestations.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Cyclamen Plant

Feed Cyclamen Plant every 2-3 weeks with a phosphorous-rich fertilizer during the bud formation stage to promote flowering. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to Repot Cyclamen Plant

Keep Cyclamen Plant pot-bound to promote flowering as it blooms best when pot-bound.

Repot Cyclamen Plant during the dormant period only when the soil becomes compacted. Repotting your Cyclamen every 2 years should be adequate.

Use a pot 1 size larger and free-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Ensure the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from getting soggy.

After repotting place the Cyclamen Plant in a shaded place and keep it dry. Resume watering after 6-8 weeks inorder to encourage new growth.

How to Prune Cyclamen Plant

Pruning Cyclamen Plant is easy. Remove spent blooms and any side shoots to encourage development of more flowers. Get rid of dead leaves to keep your plant neat and tidy. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

How to Care for Cyclamen Plant (Cyclamen persicum) after flowering

After flowering is over and the foliage turns yellow, cut back your Cyclamen Plant.

Place your Cyclamen Plant in a cool dark place and maintain the soil barely moist.

Withhold feeding for your Cyclamen Plant during this period of about 6-8 weeks.

As soon as new growth emerges, move your Cyclamen Plant to a bright spot and water thoroughly.

Keep your Cyclamen plant cool at temperatures between 16-180C and cooler night temperatures.

Resume feeding your Cyclamen Plant monthly with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer.

Your Cyclamen Plant should start blooming in about 2-3 months.

Cyclamen Plant (Cyclamen persicum) Propagation

Cyclamen Plant can be propagated from seeds or by plant division.

How to propagate Cyclamen Plant from seeds

Cyclamen Plant seeds do not last very long therefore ensure the seeds are very fresh.

Spread the Cyclamen seeds on moist soil and cover the seeds lightly with soil and place the set up in a dark place.

Maintain the temperatue at about 180C. The seeds should germinate in 20-30 days.

After germination put the Cylamen seedlings in a well-lit place and start routine care.

How to propagate Cyclamen by plant division

When flowering is over and the foliage has started to yellow, cut back the foliage of your Cyclamen Plant.

Dig up the Cyclamen tubers and clean off the soil.

With a sharp sterilized knife, divide the tuber into sections and ensure each Cyclamen Plant section has a growing point (nub or eye) from which the foliage will grow.

Place the Cyclamen Plant sections in moist free-draining soil with the nub sticking above the soil surface.

Maintain the soil moist but do not wet the Cyclamen Plant nubs as it can lead to rotting.

Cyclamen Care, Cyclamen persicum Care

Photo Credit: Plant Express

Cyclamen Plant (Cyclamen persicum) Problems Indoors

Why is the foliage of my Cyclamen Plant yellowing while the crown is firm and healthy?

There are four possible causes of yellowing foliage while the crown is firm and healthy in your Cyclamen Plant.

One possible cause of yellowing foliage while the crown is firm and healthy in your Cyclamen Plant is hot dry air.

Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Cyclamen Plant. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second possible cause of yellowing foliage while the crown is firm and healthy in your Cyclamen Plant is high temperatures above 180C.

Cyclamen Plant is a cool climate plant therefore maintain cool temperatures between 10-180C and protect your plant from hot and cold draughts.

The third possible cause of yellowing foliage while the crown is firm and healthy in your Cyclamen Plant is underwatering.

Maintain the soil of your Cyclamen Plant moist but not soggy and do not allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

The fourth possible cause of yellowing foliage while the crown is firm and healthy in your Cyclamen Plant is direct sunlight on the foliage.

Move your Cyclamen Plant to a shaded place or protect it from direct sunlight. Cyclamen Plant prefers bright light but away from direct sunlight.

Why is there sudden wilting of leaves and flower stalks in my Cyclamen Plant?

Underwatering Cyclamen Plant is the cause of wilting of leaves and flower stalks.

Thoroughly water your Cyclamen Plant immediately and it should perk up. Pinch off any leaves and flowers that fail to perk up.

Maintain the soil of your Cyclamen Plant moist but not soggy and do not allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

Why has my Cyclamen Plant flowered for a short period only?

There are four possible causes of a short flowering period in your Cyclamen Plant.

One possible cause of a short flowering period in your Cyclamen Plant is too much warmth.

Maintain cool temperatures for your Cyclamen Plant or move it to a cool place as it is a cool climate plant and requires cool temperatures to promote flowering.

The second possible cause of a short flowering period in your Cyclamen Plant is incorrect watering; either underwatering or overwatering.

Maintain the soil of your Cyclamen Plant moist but not soggy and do not allow the soil ball to dry out completely.

The third possible cause of a short flowering period in your Cyclamen Plant is dry air.

Set the pot on a wet pebble tray to raise humidity for your Cyclamen Plant. Read more on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The fourth possible cause of a short flowering period in your Cyclamen Plant is underfeeding.

Feed your Cyclamen Plant every 2-3 weeks with a phosphorous-rich fertilizer during the bud formation stage to promote flowering.

Why does my Cyclamen Plant have a soft and rotten crown and is dying?

The cause of plant collapse coupled with a soft and rotten crown in Cyclamen Plant is due to wetting of the crown during watering.

This is an indication of Crown and Stem Rot Disease in your Cyclamen Plant. Treat the plant appropriately or discard it if it is too far gone.

Why are the leaves of my Cyclamen Plant yellowing and have brown patches?

Yellowing leaves with brown patches in Cyclamen Plant are an indication of Botrytis Disease which is brought about by soggy soil and poor air circulation.

Treat your Cyclamen Plant appropriately for the disease, improve air circulation and ensure that the pot has a drainage hole to prevent the soil from becoming soggy.

Why are the leaves of my Cyclamen twisted and stunted?

Twisted and stunted leaves in Cyclamen are an indication of pest infestation. The common plant pests in Cyclamen are Aphids and Cyclamen Mites.

Isolate the affected Cyclamen Plant to prevent spread to other houseplants and treat it appropriately for the pests.

Is Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum) toxic?

All parts of Cyclamen (Cyclamen persicum) are toxic to both humans and pets. They contain saponins which if ingested can cause drooling, vomiting and diarrhea.

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