Botanical name: Cordyline terminalis
Synonyms: Cordyline fruitcosa, Dracaena terminalis
Common names: Ti Plant, Hawaiian Goodluck Plant, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Polynesian Ti
Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) also called Hawaiian Goodluck Plant, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Polynesian Ti, is a popular plant ideal for adding a splash of color among the greenery. Ti Plant is also believed to bring good luck.
The leaves are broad, about 2 ft long and are usually tinged or splashed with red, pink, orange and cream.
As the Hawaiian Goodluck Plant grows it drops its lower leaves and becomes more tree-like with a trunk topped by a crown of colorful foliage.
Ti Plant is a compact False Palm which grows to a height of about 1-2 ft. The leaves are about 2 ft long.
In the wild Ti Plant produces pink or yellow flower-spikes but not when grown indoors.
Cordyline terminalis also called Cordyline fruitcosa or Dracaena terminalis is native to the western Pacific Ocean region, from New Zealand, eastern Australia, southeastern Asia and Polynesia, with one species found in southeastern South America.
There are many varieties of Ti Plant. Rededge which has green leaves streaked with red is the favorite one.
Other common varieties of Hawaiian Goodluck Plant are tricolor whose leaves are green and splashed with red, pink and cream. Prince Albert whose leaves are green and red.
There are other varieties like Firebrand whose leaves are bronze. Amabilis, green and white. Baptistii, green, pink and yellow. Ti, all green and is the "grass" used for hula skirts in Hawaii. New varieties include Kiwi and Atom.
Beautiful and healthy Ti Plants in various sizes are available online at Etsy. Purchase spectacular Ti Plants from Etsy.
Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) care indoors is easy. Grow Ti Plant is bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight and maintain the soil consistently moist.
Cordyline terminalis will thrive in average room warmth and average room humidity. It requires free-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Continue reading for more on the best growing conditions for this amazing plant.
Ti Plant grows best in bright, indirect light. The leaves will loose color and variegation in low light. It can also grow under a grow light where natural light is not sufficient.
Avoid exposing the Hawaiian Goodluck Plant to direct sunlight as it can scorch the leaves. However, the all green varieties grow best under direct sunlight. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.
Water Ti Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering in the cold period.
Avoid soggy soil as it can lead to root-rot; ensure that the soil is free-draining and the pot has a drainage hole.
Use water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking this tropical plant.
Ensure that the water is free of chlorine, flourides and other chemicals to prevent brown leaf tips. Read more on how to water houseplants.
The best temperature for Ti Plant is average to more than average warmth with a minumum of 160C.
Protect the Hawaiian Goodluck Plant from cold draughts to avoid a sudden drop in temperature. Check out this guide on understanding temperature for houseplants.
Average room humidity is ideal for Ti Plant. Mist the leaves occasionally and clean them by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust. Read more on how to clean houseplants.
If the air is too dry especially where the temperature is high raise humidity by setting the pot on a wet pebble tray or use a cool mist humidifier. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.
Feed Ti Plant monthly during the growing period with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer that contains micro-nutrients as magnesium deficiency will lead to yellowing of leaves.
Withhold feeding during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time can cause fertilizer burn.
Regularly flush out accumulated salts from the soil by running a stream of water through the soil until the water comes out through the drainage hole. Allow it to run for a few minutes and repeat several times. Read more on how to feed houseplants.
Repot Ti Plant at the beginning of the growing season when roots begin to grow through the drainage holes as the plant prefers to be slightly root-bound.
Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has drainage holes. Refresh the top 2-3 in. of soil with fresh soil every 2-3 years for older, larger Hawaiian Goodluck Plants.
The best soil for Ti Plant should be rich in organic matter and free-draining to prevent it from getting soggy while providing the required nutrients.
Most multi-purpose potting mixes are ideal for this plant. Buy quality Potting Mix for Hawaiian Ti Plant from Etsy.
Pruning Ti Plant involves removal of dead and yellow leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy.
To encourage bushy growth (branching), the stem can be cut at the desired height and new stems will sprout below the cut. This will result in the plant producing several stems instead of having just one stem.
When the plant becomes too tall, the stem can be cut at the desired height to encourage new growth to sprout just below the cut.
The foliage emanating from the pruning, can be used to propagate new Ti Plants. Read more on how to prune houseplants.
Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season by air layering, from stem cuttings or by use of the crown from old leggy canes.
Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) problems indoors include leaf spost, loss of variegation, brown leaf tips and edges, yellow leaves, plant death, pests and diseases among others all of which are caused by improper care. Keep reading for more on these problems and how to fix them.
Loss of leaf color in variegated Ti Plant is due to too little light. A variegated plant requires bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight.
There are four possible reasons brown leaf tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant. One reason for brown leaf tips and yellow edges is too dry air.
The second reason for brown leaf tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant is underwatering. Maintain the soil consistently moist and never allow the soil to dry out completely.
The third reason for brown leaf tips and yellow edges in Polynesian Ti Plant is due to chemical accumulation in the soil.
Use chemical free water and regularly flush out salts from the soil by running a steady stream of water through the soil for a few minutes. Repeat the process several times.
The fourth reason for brown leaf tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant is cold draughts which cause a sudden drops in temperature.
Place Hawaiian Goodluck Plant away from cold draughts to avoid Sudden drops in temperature.
If the temperature is too low, Ti Plant leaves become soft and curled and the edges turn brown.
Maintain an average to above average room temperature for Ti Plant. Protect it from cold draughts and do not allow the temperature to go below 160C.
Ti Plant is prone to root-rot disease which is promoted by soggy soil. Ensure that there is free drainage of both the soil and the pot to avoid getting soggy soil.
Also, reduce watering during the cold season to prevent the soil from remaining too wet for too long.
Keeping Hawaiian Ti Plant too cold will also kill it. Maintain average to above average room temperature and also protect it from cold draughts.
Another reason for the death of Ti Plant is accumulation of salts in the soil. Regularly flush out salts from the soil by running a stream of water through it.
This is a natural process in Ti Plant. As the plant matures it sheds the lower leaves. Each lower leaf turns yellow and dries leaving a crown of leaves on top of the cane-like stem of the plant.
Ti Plant will develop brown leaf spots if it is underwatered. Maintain the soil consistently moist and never allow the soil ball to dry out.
Direct sunlight will cause bleached dry patches on the leaves of a variegated Ti Plant. Move the plant to a shadier spot or protect it from direct sunlight.
Ti Plant is prone to leaf spot which is prevalent in humid conditions. Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants. Treat the affected plant appropriately and improve air circulation.
Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) is toxic to both humans and pets. According to ASPCA, the leaves contain alkyds. If ingested they may cause vomiting and excessive salivation.