How to grow and care for Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) Indoors

Some links in this post may be affiliate links

Ti Plant Care, Cordyline terminalis Care

Botanical name: Cordyline terminalis
Synonyms: Cordyline fruitcosaDracaena terminalis
Family: Asparagaceae
Common names: Ti Plant, Hawaiian Goodluck Plant, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Red Dracaena, Polynesian Ti

Ti Plant Description

Ti Plant also called Hawaiian Goodluck Plant, Hawaiian Ti Plant, Red Dracaena, Polynesian Ti, is a popular plant ideal for adding a splash of color among the greenery. Ti Plant is also believed to bring good luck.

The Ti Plant leaves are broad, about 2 ft long and are usually tinged or splashed with red, pink, orange and cream.

As the Ti Plant grows it drops its lower leaves and becomes more tree-like with a trunk topped by a crown of colorful foliage.

Ti Plant Size

Ti Plant is a compact False Palm which grows to a height of about 1-2 ft. The leaves are about 2 ft long.

Ti Plant Flower

In the wild Ti Plant produces pink or yellow flower-spikes but not when grown indoors.

Ti Plant Origin

Ti Plant is native is the western Pacific Ocean region, from New Zealand, eastern Australia, southeastern Asia and Polynesia, with one species found in southeastern South America.

Ti Plant Varieties

There are many varieties of Ti Plant. Rededge which has green leaves streaked with red is the favorite one.

Other common varieties of Ti Plant are tricolor whose leaves are green and splashed with red, pink and cream. Prince Albert whose leaves are green and red.

There are other varieties like Firebrand whose leaves are bronze. Amabilis, green and white. Baptistii, green, pink and yellow. Ti, all green and is the "grass" used for hula skirts in Hawaii. New varieties include Kiwi and Atom.

Ti Plant Care, Cordyline terminalis Care

Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) Care Indoors

Ti Plant Light Requirements

Ti Plant grows best in bright, indirect light. The leaves will loose color and variegation in low light.

Avoid exposing Ti Plant to direct sunlight as it can scorch the leaves. However, the all green varieties grow best under direct sunlight. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

How to water Ti Plant

Water Ti Plant liberally during the growing season and allow the top 2 in. of soil to dry out between waterings. Reduce watering in the cold period.

Avoid soggy soil for your Ti Plant as it may lead to root-rot; ensure that the soil is free-draining and the pot has a drainage hole.

Use water that is at room temperature to avoid shocking your Ti Plant.

Ensure that the water is free of chlorine, flourides and other chemicals to prevent brown leaf tips in your Ti Plant. Read more on how to water houseplants.


Temperature for Ti Plant

The best temperature for Ti Plant is average to more than average warmth with a minumum of 160C.

Protect your Ti Plant from cold draughts to avoid a sudden drop in temperature. Check out this guide on understanding temperature for houseplants.

Humidity for Ti Plant

Average room humidity is ideal for Ti Plant. Mist the leaves occasionally and clean them by damp-wiping with a soft cloth to get rid of dust. Read more on how to clean houseplants.

If the air is too dry especially where the temperature is high raise humidity for your Ti Plant by more frequent misting or set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

Fertilizer (Feeding) for Ti Plant

Feed Ti Plant monthly during the growing period with a balanced water-soluble fertilizer that contains micro-nutrients as magnesium deficiency will lead to yellowing of leaves.

Withhold feeding for your Ti Plant during the cold season as growth is minimal and feeding at this time can cause fertilizer burn.

Regularly flush out accumulated salts in the soil for your Ti Plant by running a stream of water through the soil until the water comes out through the drainage hole. Allow it to run for a few minutes and repeat several times. Read more on how to feed houseplants.

How to repot Ti Plant

Repot Ti Plant at the beginning of the growing season when roots begin to grow through the drainage holes as the plant prefers to be slightly root-bound.

Use a pot 1 size larger and one that has drainage holes. The soil should be free-draining and rich in organic matter.

Refresh the top 2-3 in. of soil with fresh soil every 2-3 years for older, larger Ti Plants.

How to Prune Ti Plant

Pruning Ti Plant involves removal of dead and yellow leaves to maintain the plant neat and tidy.

To encourage bushy growth (branching), the stem can be cut at the desired height and new stems will sprout below the cut. This will result in the plant producing several stems instead of having just one stem.

When the plant becomes too tall, the stem can be cut at the desired height to encourage new growth to sprout just below the cut.

The foliage emanating from the pruning, can be used to propagate new Ti Plants. Read more on how to prune houseplants.

Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) Propagation

Ti Plant can be propagated at the beginning of the growing season by air layering, from stem cuttings or by use of the crown from old leggy canes.

How to propagate Ti Plant by Air Layering

Air layering in Ti Plant consists of notching the stem of a healthy plant.

Coat the notch made above with a rooting hormone to hasten root development in your new Ti Plant.

Surround the notch area with damp moss and then cover it with a polythene film or clear plastic wrap.

After the roots have formed sever the stem just below the covered part (notch area) on your Ti Plant.

Remove the polythene and carefully pot the rooted cutting. New shoots will sprout from the shortened stem of the old Ti Plant.

How to propagate Ti Plant from the top crown of leaves

Cut off the top crown of your Ti Plant leaves bearing about 3 in. of stem.

Apply a rooting hormone on the cut end of stem of the crown of leaves of your Ti Plant.

Insert the stem of the crown of leaves of your Ti Plant in moist, free-draining, rooting soil.

Place the set up in a warm, shaded place and maintain the soil slightly moist through out.

Rooting should occur in 3-6 weeks. When new growth is observed, the new Ti Plant can be transplanted.

How to propagate Ti Plant from stem cuttings

Take 2-3 in. long stem cuttings from your Ti Plant cane.

Dip the lower cut-end of the Ti Plant cutting in a rooting hormone.

Insert the lower cut-end of the Ti Plant cutting in moist, free-draining, rooting soil.

Place the set up in a warm, shaded place and maintain the soil slightly through out.

Roots should develop in about 3-6 weeks. Once there is new growth, the new Ti Plant plant can be transplanted.

Ti Plant Care, Cordyline terminalis Care

Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) Problems Indoors

Variegated Ti Plant losing leaf color

Loss of leaf color in variegated Ti Plant is due to too little light.

Your variegated Ti Plant prefers bright, indirect light away from direct sunlight. Check out this guide on understanding light for houseplants.

Ti Plant brown leaf tips and yellow edges

There are four reasons for leaves with brown tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant.

One reason for leaves with brown tips and yellow edges in your Ti Plant is dry air.

Raise the humidity for your Ti Plant by more frequent misting or set the pot on a wet pebble tray. Check out these techniques on how to raise humidity for houseplants.

The second reason for leaves with brown tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant is underwatering.

Maintain the soil consistently moist for your Ti Plant and never allow the soil to dry out completely.

The third reason for leaves with brown tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant is due to chemical accumulation in the soil.

Use chemical free water and regularly flush out salts from the soil for your Ti Plant.

The fourth reason for leaves with brown tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant is cold draughts which cause a sudden drop in temperature.

Place your Ti Plant away from cold draughts to avoid Sudden drop in temperature.

Ti Plant lower leaves yellowing

This is a natural process in Ti Plant. As the plant matures it sheds the lower leaves.

Each lower leaf turns yellow and dries leaving a crown of leaves on top of the cane-like stem of your for leaves with brown tips and yellow edges in Ti Plant.

Ti Plant leaves soft and curled with brown edges

If the temperature is too low, your Ti Plant leaves become soft and curled and the edges turn brown.

Maintain an average to above average room temperature for your Ti Plant. Protect the plant from cold draughts and do not allow the temperature to go below 160C.

Ti Plant brown leaf spots

Ti Plant will form brown leaf spots if it is underwatered. Maintain the soil consistently moist and never allow the soil ball to dry out.

Ti Plant bleached dry patches on the leaves

Direct sunlight will cause bleached dry patches on the leaves of variegated Ti Plant. Move your plant to a shadier spot or protect it from direct sunlight.

Ti Plant dying

Ti Plant is prone to root-rot disease which is promoted by soggy soil.

Ensure that there is free drainage of both the soil and the pot to avoid getting soggy soil for your Ti Plant.

Also, reduce watering during the cold season to prevent the soil from remaining too wet for too long.

Keeping your Ti Plant too cold will also kill it. Maintain average to above average room temperature for your Ti Plant and also protect it from cold draughts.

Another reason for the death of Ti Plant is accumulation of salts in the soil. Regularly flush out salts from the soil by running a stream of water through it.

Ti Plant Diseases

One plant disease is common in Ti Plant; Leaf Spot which is prevalent in humid conditions.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to other houseplants. Treat the affected plant appropriately and improve air circulation.

Ti Plant Pests

The common plant pests in Ti Plant are Mealy Bugs, Fungus Gnats, Scale Insects and Spider Mites.

Isolate the affected plant to prevent spread to the other plants and treat accordingly.

Is Ti Plant toxic?

Ti Plant (Cordyline terminalis) is toxic to both humans and pets. The leaves contain alkyds. If ingested they may cause vomiting and excessive salivation.

You liked it? Share on social media.

On the Blog

You liked it? Share on social media.